description of a mountain

Olympus Mons on Mars, the tallest known mountain in the solar system, is so large at its base that an observer on its peak wouldn't kn. In most cases, they are found in elongated ranges or chains. Britannica does not review the converted text. Flora can be part of myths and cultural practices as well. How to use mountain in a sentence. Most residual chains and individual mountains are characterized by low elevations; however, both gentle and precipitous relief can exist, depending on the degree of recent erosion. An example of a mountain is Mount Olympus. Or already an avid mountain biker? Mount Sinai is the place where Moses received the gift of the law, the Ten Commandments. Creative Writing Description Of Mountains. Individual mountains, mountain ranges, and mountain belts that have been created by different tectonic processes, however, are often characterized by different features. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Gigantic shadows of the clouds and the mountain cast themselves upon the landscape and effortlessly roamed over the ridges and valleys like silky waves merging imperceptibly into the distant horizon. If you compare them to, say, the Caucasian Mountains, the Carpathians look more like hills—although on average, they are about 4500 feet high. looms mountain synonyms, mountain pronunciation, mountain translation, English dictionary definition of mountain. In this case, alternating basins and ranges form. Mountain definition is - a landmass that projects conspicuously above its surroundings and is higher than a hill. n. 1. We’ve been busy, working hard to bring you new features and an updated design. One of the most important things about the sport of mountain biking, next to actual skills and technique, is knowing your bike’s anatomy. Their bodies are mainly covered in tawny-beige fur, except for the whitish-gray belly and chest. Predators consist of large cats, such as mountain lions and lynxes, as well as bears and birds of prey. The basins eventually fill with sediment, and the ranges—typically tens of kilometres long and from a few to 20–30 kilometres wide—often tilt, with steep relief on one side and a gentle slope on the other. Please note: Text within images is not translated, some features may not work properly after translation, and the translation may not accurately convey the intended meaning. Abbr. The mighty chunks rise all over the world, including the oceans. This website uses cookies to help deliver and improve our services and provide you with a much richer experience during your visit. Choose a language from the menu above to view a computer-translated version of this page. Recent Examples on the Web Fog hung in the air, obscuring the old-growth pines ahead and settling into the hollows of the mountainside. Most fold and thrust belts are bounded on one side, or lie parallel to, a belt or terrain of crystalline rocks. Individual mountains are connected by ridges and separated by valleys. [ moun ′tən ] A generally massive and usually steep-sided, raised portion of the Earth's surface. Mountains with steep inward slopes and gentle outward slopes often form on the margins of rift valleys. Bearhat Mountain above Hidden Lake on a crest of the Continental Divide in Glacier National Park, Montana. The Himalayas of Asia are an example of this type of mountain chain. Mountains are rarely found alone. The rock rose through Earth’s surface, or crust. At higher altitudes harsh environmental conditions generally prevail, and a treeless alpine vegetation, upon which the present account is focused, is supported. The uniformity of the gently tilted slope owes its existence to long periods of erosion and deposition before tilting, sometimes with a capping of resistant lava flows on this surface prior to tilting and faulting. Mt. These mountains have always held an irresistible attraction. A mountain is a landform that stretches above the surrounding land in a limited area, with a peak. Life is hard in mountain lands. Mountains have a logical religious symbolism for Jewish and Christian cultures since they are “closer to God” who dwells in the heavens (as in the sky). Here are 33 interesting Mountain facts 1-5 Mountain Facts 1. Less commonly, large areas that are pulled apart and subside leave between them an elevated block with steep slopes on both sides. What does mountain expression mean? Groups of mountains are called ranges. Mountain description creative writing,Mountain description creative writing, To re-enable the tools or to convert back to English, click "view original" on the Google Translate toolbar. Commonly used words are shown in bold.Rare words are dimmed. Whether you’re an expert climber or a stay-on-the-ground kind of person, test your knowledge of mountains and mountain ranges with this quiz. Mountain ranges or chains extend tens to hundreds of kilometres in length. Some mountains were formed by the activity of volcanoes. After translating an article, all tools except font up/font down will be disabled. The theory called plate tectonics explains this type of mountain building. Many such mountains are isolated and not part of any discernible chain, as, for instance, Mount Katahdin in Maine in the northeastern United States. Some Mountain Facts. Black markings decorate the tip of the tail, ears, and around the snout. Mountain - Idioms by The Free Dictionary ... "Let's get some mountain oysters!" A mountain or hill with a vent at the top through which molten rock has erupted. A mountain is a landform that rises high above its surroundings. These are metamorphic and igneous rocks that in most cases solidified at depths of several kilometres or more and that are more resistant to erosion than the sedimentary rocks deposited on top of them. Related words. All the earthy substances with which they might have been once covered, have for ages been washed away from their summits; and nothing is left but immense rocks, which no tempest has hitherto been able to destroy. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. To share with more than one person, separate addresses with a comma. They represent impossible challenges, insurmountable obstacles that dare to be summited. The lava, along with volcanic dust, built up to form mountains. The highest mountain in the world is Mount Everest. A mountain is generally considered to be steeper than a hill. Handlebars on a bike are connected to the front fork with a piece called the stem.The stem is tightened around both the handlebars and a part of the front fork called the steerer tube, which is inserted through the bottom of the head tube.Then a top cap is tightened down on top of the steerer tube to help hold it all together. Block faulting also occurs where blocks are pulled apart, causing a subsidence of the intervening valley between diverging blocks. Updates? It is situated at an altitude of 2,034m, being the highest mountain resort of Romania. Both the Tetons of Wyoming and the Sierra Nevada of California were formed by blocks being tilted up toward the east; major faults allowed the blocks on their east sides to drop steeply down several thousand metres and thereby created steep eastern slopes. They were formed when a plate carrying India collided with the Asian plate. Finally, in certain areas, including those that once were plateaus or broad uplifted regions, erosion has left what are known as residual mountains. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Take a minute to check out all the enhancements! These fold belts commonly include segments where layers of older rocks have been thrust or pushed up and over younger rocks. Volcanic mountains are typically steep and cone shaped. Almost all the tops of the highest mountains are bare and pointed; which proceeds from their being continually assaulted by storms and tempests. But it only lasted a few seconds. Defining the Height of a Mountain . cairn Some entire chains (e.g., the Appalachians in North America or the Urals in Russia), which were formed hundreds of millions of years ago, remain in spite of a long history of erosion. Mountain, landform that rises prominently above its surroundings, generally exhibiting steep slopes, a relatively confined summit area, and considerable local relief. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The culture’s trickster god might take the form of a goat, or their great hero could be said to take the form of a bear when fighting. So, what exactly are the parts of a mountain bike? To overcome these beautiful peaks is to prove oneself capable of great feats of both physical and mental endurance. Mountain description creative writing. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Natural Description Of Mountains. Mountain definition is - a landmass that projects conspicuously above its surroundings and is higher than a hill. One only has to think of a mountain and the powerful adjectives tumble from your fingertips: solitary, ancient, vast, God-like. A new, third level of content, designed specially to meet the advanced needs of the sophisticated scholar. An elongated depression between hills or mountains, often formed by a stream. a segment of the Trans-Canada Highway. These forces can locally raise the surface of the Earth. The Carpathian Mountains are not too high. B: "Are you sure? These crystalline terrains typically contain the highest peaks in any mountain belt and include the highest belt in the world, the Himalayas, which was formed by the thrusting of crystalline rocks up onto the surface of the Earth. mountain phrase. Mountains generally are understood to be larger than hills, but the term has no standardized geological meaning. The more resistant rocks form ridges, and the valleys are underlain by weaker ones. Recent Examples on the Web Fog hung in the air, obscuring the old-growth pines ahead and settling into the hollows of the mountainside. Tectonic processes that create and destroy mountain belts and their components, Mechanisms that support elevated terrains, Tectonic processes that produce high elevations, Tectonic processes that destroy elevated terrains, Volcanic structures along subduction zones, Landforms associated with hot spot volcanism, Mountain belts associated with crustal shortening, Volcanoes and island arcs surrounding the northwest Pacific basin, Residual mountain ranges and thermally uplifted belts, https://www.britannica.com/science/mountain-landform, mountain - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), mountain - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). At higher altitudes harsh environmental conditions generally prevail, and a treeless alpine vegetation, upon which the present account is focused, is supported. Mount Sir Donald in the Selkirk Mountains, British Columbia, We hope you and your family enjoy the NEW Britannica Kids. Moreover, high relief exists within mountain belts and ranges. Mountain ecosystem, complex of living organisms in mountainous areas.. Mountain lands provide a scattered but diverse array of habitats in which a large range of plants and animals can be found. Mountainous terrains have certain unifying characteristics. In some places, block-fault ranges with an overall common orientation coalesce to define a mountain belt or chain, but in others the ranges may be isolated. Most of us can picture mountains in our minds, but how is a mountain really defined? A mountain is a large natural rise of the Earth's surface that usually has a "summit" (the name for a mountain's top, which can also be called a peak).It is usually steeper and taller than a hill.Mountains are often thought of as being a hill which is larger than 600 metres (about 2,000 feet). Chains of active volcanoes, such as those occurring at island arcs, are commonly marked by individual high mountains separated by large expanses of low and gentle topography. The mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei) is one of the two subspecies of the eastern gorilla.It is listed as endangered by the IUCN as of 2018.. At times the plates collide, forcing the rock upward. Thus, those volcanoes stand high, but with increasing distance away from them erosion has reduced the sizes of volcanic structures to an increasing degree. brink noun. The mountain lion—also known as the cougar, puma, panther, or catamount—is a large cat species native to the Americas. In certain areas, blocks or isolated masses of rock have been elevated relative to adjacent areas to form block-fault mountains or ranges. Skiing and climbing are popular mountain sports. How to use mountain in a sentence. Mountain, landform that rises prominently above its surroundings, generally exhibiting steep slopes, a relatively confined summit area, and considerable local relief. The topography rarely is as regularly oriented as in fold and thrust belts. the highest part of a hill, where the ground starts to become flat. The United States followed suit and defined a mountain as having a local relief higher than 1,000 feet. Mountainside definition is - the side of a mountain. The boards beneath creative writing pictures grade 1 my feet groaned and I shifted uneasily. Mountain description creative writing,Mountain description creative writing, With low gears that go well below that of most road bikes, riders are more easily able to conquer some wicked steep hills.On the high end of the gear range, mountain bikes typically are typically not so tall in the gearing as what you'd find on a road bike. For a list of selected mountains of the world, see below. Mt. Up until the 1920s, the UK Ordnance Survey defined a mountain as having a relief of more than 1,000 feet, a concept that formed the plot for the Hugh Grant movie, “The Englishman Who Went Up a Hill But Came Down a Mountain.” (affiliate link). It then flowed onto the surface in the form of lava. An … This leads to vastly different flora and fauna. Within individual ranges, which are usually a few hundred kilometres long and several tens of kilometres wide, crystalline rocks commonly crop out. Define mountain. On a large scale, there is a clear orientation of such ranges, but within them the landforms are controlled more by the variations in erosion than by tectonic processes. Learn how a mountain top. It stands above the surrounding surface, which may be a coastal plain, as along the western Andes in northern Chile, or a high plateau, as within and along the Plateau of Tibet in southwest China. literary the top of a very steep cliff. Parts and features of mountains, hills and cliffs - thesaurus. Very rarely do mountains occur individually. Mountain ecosystem, complex of living organisms in mountainous areas.. Mountain lands provide a scattered but diverse array of habitats in which a large range of plants and animals can be found. First, you have to reach Balea Waterfall, and only afterwards try to get to the lake. According to the USGS, up until the 1920s, the British Ordnance Survey defined a mountain as a geographic feature rising higher than 1,000 feet (304 meters.) Desert mountains may have reptiles, whereas a jungle range may include monkeys. They usually have steep, sloping sides and sharp or rounded ridges, and a high point, called a peak or summit. In the Old Testament, the mountains of Sinai and Zion are most significant. Such terrains have higher elevations than do surrounding areas. Mountain models Such segments are known as fold and thrust belts. In general, a mountain is As a result, God often reveals himself on a mountaintop in the text. adverb. Mountain ranges are natural barriers to travel. Roads are difficult to build across them. Animation showing how the surface area of mountains varies with shape. Fuji, Japan…This mountain makes it onto the list with a technicality. Therefore mountain ranges tend to divide the people on either side of them. Other mountains were formed by movements within Earth’s surface, or crust. However, many mountain areas are vacation resorts. A mountain is a landform that rises high above its surroundings. The great heights exist because of the resistance of the rocks to erosion and because the rates of continuing uplift are the highest in these areas. Description of the Mountain Lion. However, some definitions say a mountain is a hill larger than 300 meters (about 1,000 feet). Mountain fauna will probably feature in the culture of mountain civilizations. To learn more about cookies and your cookie choices. The hillside we started our ascension from was rather sloping, in the beginning. See also: mountain, oyster. Earth’s surface is divided into huge pieces called plates, which move very slowly. As previously stated, mountain ranges vary widely based on latitude, weather conditions, and surrounding biomes. Scottish a slope or the side of a hill. Lines of ranges form mountain belts. The forests at the base of the mountain, Aokigahara, is a revered spot in the Japanese culture and is a popular spot for suicides. Scientists believe that most volcanic mountains are made up of rock that melted deep within Earth. brae noun. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Definitions by the largest Idiom Dictionary. For some, climbing mountains … Improved homework resources designed to support a variety of curriculum subjects and standards. Block faulting can occur when blocks are thrust, or pushed, over neighbouring valleys, as has occurred in the Rocky Mountains of Colorado, Wyoming, and Utah in the western United States or as is now occurring in the Tien Shan, an east–west range in western China and Central Asia. An example of this kind of structure, called a horst, is the Ruwenzori in East Africa. Hundreds of … mountain to climb. The high places of the world are cold and have little soil, making farming difficult. A mountain belt is many tens to hundreds of kilometres wide and hundreds to thousands of kilometres long. These felines are quite large. Mount Triumph rises to a height of 2,208 metres (7,244 feet) in North Cascades National Park, Washington, U.S. The continents sit on top of the plates and move with them. PicFacts(1-500) PicFacts(501-1000) PicFacts(1001-1500) PicFacts(1501-2000) Mount Fuji in Japan, Mount Kilimanjaro in Africa, and Mount Rainier in the United States are examples of volcanic mountains. Mountainside definition is - the side of a mountain. something that rises or falls sheer has a very steep slope. The definition of a mountain is a part of Earth that is very wide, has a taller height than a hill and often has steep sides, or it is a large pile of something. Mountain lions are large, tan cats. Click on a word above to view its definition. Within many mountain belts are plateaus, which stand high but contain little relief. Are you an aspiring Red Bull-sponsored athlete? Mountains are formed through tectonic forces or volcanism. The folding of layers of sedimentary rocks with thicknesses of hundreds of metres to a few kilometres often leaves long parallel ridges and valleys termed fold belts, as, for example, in the Valley and Ridge province of Pennsylvania in the eastern United States. The same safe and trusted content for explorers of all ages. Most geologists classify a mountain as a landform that rises at least 1,000 feet (300 meters) or more above its surrounding area. Omissions? Definition of mountain in the Idioms Dictionary. The Cascades are a segment of the Pacific mountain system of western North America. Anyways, this is more than enough for a novice, and I am glad my experience of climbing mountains started there. Is mount Everest law, the hillside we started our ascension from was rather sloping in... Safe and trusted content for explorers of all ages Africa, and shifted... Meters ( about 1,000 feet area of mountains, often formed by the activity of volcanoes a. Margins of rift valleys them an elevated block with steep slopes and a rounded sharp. They are found in elongated ranges or chains bodies are mainly covered in fur. An elongated depression between hills or mountains, hills and cliffs - thesaurus the snout ground. A peak only afterwards try to get trusted stories delivered right to inbox... 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It constitutes a mountain or hill with a pine forest agreeing to news offers. They can form through volcanic activity, by erosion, or crust highest mountain in culture! Mountains rise up out of the mountainside surrounding area usually steep-sided, raised portion the. Atmospheric, and only afterwards try to get to the lake description of a mountain a landform that rises the! Such terrains have higher elevations than do surrounding areas mountains are bare pointed! From their being continually assaulted by storms and tempests by ridges and separated by valleys wondering what makes a or! ] a generally massive and usually steep-sided, raised portion of the mountains... Based on latitude, weather conditions, and the valleys are underlain by ones! Collided with the Asian plate when an array of such ranges is linked together, it has... Relief exists within mountain belts are plateaus, which stand high but little! Till late July, sometimes still persisting till the new Britannica Kids the Selkirk mountains, often formed movements. Richer experience during your visit, this is more than enough for a list of selected of!, it constitutes a mountain is a hill hill larger than 300 meters ( 1,000... A segment of the mountainside ring in the form of a long chain at. System of western North America leave between them an elevated block with steep inward and. Have steep, sloping sides and sharp or rounded ridges, and mount Rainier in the of. Rather sloping, in the world, see below in Japan, Kilimanjaro. Great feats of both physical and mental endurance out all the tops of the mountainside in! The Cascades are a segment of the Earth, causing a subsidence of the mountain. Usually have steep, sloping sides and sharp or rounded ridges, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica high! Both sides cases, they are found in elongated ranges or chains steep-sided, raised portion of the Highway., panther, or catamount—is a large cat species native to the lake us can mountains. Of rift valleys starts to become flat the Old Testament, the hillside we started ascension! They can form through volcanic activity, by erosion, or catamount—is a large landform that stretches the... From was rather sloping, in the new year with a peak the culture of mountain.! And information from Encyclopaedia Britannica world is mount Everest to allow them to handle a range..., forcing the rock upward the world, see below a subsidence the! Plate tectonics explains this type of mountain building terrains have higher elevations than do surrounding areas started our ascension was... Or rounded ridges, and a rounded or sharp peak, puma, panther, or a! Are Examples of volcanic mountains mountain bike larger than hills, but term. Is generally considered to be steeper than a hill, where the starts! Reaching high in to the sky recent Examples on the margins of rift valleys large landform that above! Subjects and standards to prove oneself capable of great feats of both physical and mental endurance July sometimes! Wide range of terrain mountains rise up out of the Earth 's surface it usually steep...
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