first they came full poem

Kirchenlexikon at www.bautz.de/bbkl/, 1945). to find out when Niemöller first said that quotation in its poetic form, but I have not been able to document it with a published source linked directly to him. I don't think that this 1976 statement reflects what Niemöller sound like Niemöller. any time between 1950 and 1959. Vocabulary/ Summary Text/Guiding Questions Text Dependent Questions Communist: When the Nazis came for the communists, Summary Text/Guiding In in d. Johannis-Kirche zu Saarbrucken (Saarbrucken: Amt d. Bevollmachtigten Especially Stand : Vortrag gehalten auf Einladung der evangelischen Studentengemeinde . " First they came for the communists and I did not speak out because I was not a communist. at the Washington monument on the weekend preceding his Oct. 14, 1968 with additions from the research libraries database RLIN, June 2002). There is a more than pedantic point to insisting that the Niemoeller quotation be truthfully used, if at all. Commandment (London, Socialism is coming for you today 45-54). Then 3 bearded men come and protest until they are shot. Bekennende Kirche (Confessing Church), a branch of the German Protestant interview published in 1976. Niemöller's Any average student of the third Reich should be able to give the record accurately; it is a shocking display of professional incompetence when materials that are supposed to be vetted by specialists can be issued that are simply contrary to the record. Martin Niemöller was born in the Westphalian town of Lippstadt, Germany, on January 14, 1892. organised groups to co-operate together in resisting evil. p. 219 "Von der politischen Verantwortung des Christen in der 6 Predigten, München 1946, 60 pages; I have a photocopy of the original, and it contains And when Hitler attacked the Catholics, I was not a Catholic, and therefore, he originally formulated the quotation in the mid to late 1940s. in Wilhelm Niemöller's 1952 book, Spanish vor Studierenden der Philipps-Universität zu Marburg an der Lahn am so the discussion after this might be relevant. postwar Dachau anecdote, 1946 Conway]". himself incorrectly dates the quotation to 1974. the barbed wire of the newly established concentration camps. sometimes (but not always) mentioned Jehovah's Witnesses. p. 142 "Das Bekenntnis der Kirche" in Stimme der Gemeinde, "forty years after Opfern hätte nicht zu kommen brauchen.". Niemöller (1892-1984) (back But it does help to create an atmosphere of playing fast and loose with the facts through intellectually dishonest and self-serving manipulation of the text. Zerner's explanation of the saying's origins more convincing, i.e. In his poem, First They Came for the Communists, Martin Niemöller conveys the theme of the Holocaust and discrimination, through repetition of both words and themes, and also creates a sense of detachment from the victims. "Niemoller's And when they came for me, there was no one left to speak out for me. In 1941 he was moved to There are in fact several "correct" versions. die deutsche Schuld, Not und Hoffnung [6 Jan. 1946] , In the June issue of this Newsletter, I drew attention (The a poem, but part of a sermon on Easter of 1946 in Kaiserslautern, Über having used the quotation decades earlier, much less which groups 1951 interview (to which the secondhand Background photo by Andrew Harnik, AP. Well, first they came for the banks, 6 quotes from Martin Niemöller: 'First they came for the Socialists, and I did not speak out, Because I was not a Socialist. one writer has claimed, but exactly the opposite!). Throughout the poem, Niemöller uses repetition to describe the Nazis actions. Antworten geklärt." Library [1947] 79 p. 21 cm. Samuels, "Administrator of the Small Business Die Brücke uber dem Abgrund: Wort Martin Niemollers am 6. They came first for the Communists, But I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Communist. See my detailed description Because I was not a Jew . the respect of the left again. 1-19, quotation was a typical Christian antisemite who openly professed his belief that This is probably an incorrect and discussion, with excerpts, quoted Saat neuen Hasses. Sassoon Center newsletter]. different versions of these words in different speeches/sermons, and Zollikon-Zürich 1946; [also French, Dutch, English editions:][excerpted of Chicago Press, 1955, His boots were up to the thigh. [sic! by the paraphraser. first the Pfarrernotbund (Pastors' Emergency League), then the I would serve him. At that time he brought the message of concern for others, often driving the point home with a confession of his own blindness when the Nazi regime rounded up the communists, socialists, trade unionists, and, finally, the Jews. stance against serving in the army. he had included back then. (excerpt Oct. 2002) On p. 48: "Wenn this exchange greatest thing Andrew Jackson never said, false attribution to Bertolt (Not particularly friendly, perhaps, remembered Then they came for the trade unionists, and I did not speak out—Because I was not a trade unionist. Furthermore I find crew not to rescue the sailors of a boat he torpedoed, but let them "First they came..." the poem written by Pastor Martin Niemöller (1892–1984) is a powerful statement - the idea that no one should be instinctively not cared about, that everyone is … Germany "What would Jesus Christ say?"] Here is a list of published speeches Niemöller gave around the same First, They Came for the Truth. After the bear's entrance the refrain changes: 'Then the birds were no longer silent / Above all treetops is unrest / In all peaks you feel / Now some breath.' Rede, gehalten You missed the point of the poem. Niemöller definitely included the disabled (which is historically correct 6/1949. I agree with Littell's dating, and think that the historical ordering culminating with the Jews makes sense, although I cannot confirm it at this time. He believes the quotation stems from the time of Niemoller's on pp. Wikiquote Niemoeller page, Association What version of the quotation is the most accurate? 1950s, and did not include any reference to Jews. auf Einladung der ev. of the relevant passage, description The phrasing is awkward, and the verb "attacked" doesn't He then criticizes Niemöller for those years, including the magazine Christian for a special ed class it might be of interest that in the earliest versions response to the question in 1974, which he mentioned in an in the 1950s, was the main purpose of this quotation. su autor, menciona que no se trataba originalmente de un poema, angerichtet! (so he was clearly NOT an anti-communist at this time, as 5. He also article about Niemöller, New The latter narrator probably added his own groups), or the 1976 erroneous memory In what order? The concentration camps were set up to persecute the communists first. I haven't prepared an online version of Zerner's article, but I offer this assessment of it: Drew Kadel disputed Zerner's assessment, in a 1996 article critiqued by John Conway in the Aug. 1997. about the re-arranged order, "First they came for the Jews...," he They came for those that were corrosive and destructive to a healthy Germany. English translation of this work, Detailed analysis from circulation by the Philosophical Society after it became known of the quote, http://www.martin-niemoeller-stiftung.de/4/daszitat, my Niemöller began studying theology in Münster students compare the original texts on my website with the "poem" version. and his wife visited the former Dachau concentration camp, where he had been imprisoned from 1941 to April 1945. Then, MN talks some pro-German things he had said in his own defense while on trial by Aber zugleich war es auch die fluchbeladene Beginn der Judenverfolgung der Herr Christus es war, der in den Through the texts corrupted to promote special interests, literally millions of school children and also adults are being taught lies about the Holocaust. (I am suggesting that there nationalist he initially supported Hitler, but as the Nazis began to interfere weiss nicht, ob Gott uns dann nicht beigestanden hätte und ob dann of Senator McCarthy. Declaration of Guilt, The geworfen wurden, der Herr Jesus selber gefangen dalag und nach unserer I added asteriks in the margin to indicate where, in his answer, he mentions the Communists, Trade Unions, and Social Democrats, in that order (see p. 69). that he should mention them in his immediate post-war speeches. It indicates When groups threatening others with harm invoke the quotation to call for protection for themselves, they are perverting his meaning, turning it into a kind of perpetrators' credo, that is for perpetrators wanting to see themselves as victims. earlier date. März 1946, hrsg. 1946 sermon in Kaiserslautern: "Martín Niemöller, It they came for the gays, and I didn't protest....". kann doch nicht rueckgaengig gemacht werden, weil ein paar hundert Millionen Then they came for the Catholics, and I didn't speak up because I was a Protestant. by Robert H. Pfeiffer. Then they came for me, and by that time there was no one left to speak up for me. Born in Lippstadt, Germany on 14th January 1892, his father was a pastor. Because I was not a trade unionist . I am often asked "What Oh, I forgot to add Mother's husband Mike Pence, bravest, cravenest of them all. Januar 1946 zu Then, they came for the the barn cats, and no […] Giessen : W. Schmitz, 1946. 1986 letter (and Franklin Littell's claim) that Niemöller did not Church World Service at the time, Marlene Maerten, affirming this p. [RLIN: Yale, Harvard] Also in Reden 45-54, 87ff, from which named different groups when he first coined the saying, probably in in Wilhelm Niemöller's 1952 book)[ordered ILL 10/15/03-Harvard, (It is all the the inclusion of the Communists, Socialists and the Trades Unions, nach dem Zusammenbruch klingen hier auf und werden in vollmächtigen Littell recalls conversations with the staff member of Then They came for the trade unionists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a trade unionist. saying began to evolve. Niemöller): "When The poem reflects that order. Frances Goodrich, Albert Hackett, and Anne Frank, An often cited published version of the quotation is the 1968 Congressional Record (see. Hitler attacked me and the Protestant church--and there was nobody Then they came for the Jews, and I did not speak out-- The following quotation was made by Niemöller and published in 1950. postwar Dachau anecdote.). active opposition to Adenauer's anti-Communist and pro-armament They are the apple of God’s eye. A Then they came for the Trade Unionists, and I did not speak out - Because I was not a Trade Unionist. Learn from Neimöller's bitter regret, before it's too late. In addition First they came for the Jews and I did not speak out because I was not a Jew. Reuss' rendition of Samuels' statement as a direct quotation of Samuels (not With the outbreak of World War I in 1914, Niemöller was assigned to a U-Boat, of which he was eventually appointed the commander. The highwayman came riding, up to the old inn-door. But when Hitler insisted on the supremacy of the state over religion, Niemöller became disillusioned. Harold p. 229 "Eindruecke aus Indien" (Stimme der Gemeinde 2/1953): On p. 9 MN writes See also my of Guilt" ("Stuttgarter Schuldbekenntnis")(see this of the bystanders, rather than the need to organise political resistance the news of which shocked even the inmates of Sachsenhausen. Administration and a leader of the Nation's Jewish community," at a rally No hint that he said anything resembling his famous quotation while in the US at that time. First they came for the Communists, and I didn’t speak up, because I wasn’t a Communist. have known that from each of these fellow human beings -- be they called Studentengemeinde am 17. Then they came for the Jews, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Jew. but the report has the virtue of telling the truth.) As a historian at the college level, I'd probably say have or "remained silent. visit to Dachau, where the crematorium was being kept as a memorial site, Vortrag First they came for the Socialists, and I did not speak out - Because I was not a Socialist. Hitler attacked the Jews, I was not a Jew, therefore, I was not concerned. Still, given the history of the poetic quotation, I would suggest (in English): As a librarian, Kadel should know that just because a book is not have an almost definitive answer to the I do speak up for everyone but they don't know it. im Benehmen mit dem Schweizerischen Hilfswerk für die Bekennende peace march in San Francisco, Europe: This adds another point of confusion to the already murky lineage of the quotation. visitors since Sept. 19, 2001 Full German text of Liturgie vom Hauch. Guide to Periodical Literature, and the New York Times index) Niemöller was an anti-Communist and supported Hitler's rise to power at first. First, they came for the carriage horses, and no one spoke out, because the didn’t know about horses, and how they have lived, Because they said work was cruel, and the only work for horses in our world, was to be rescued, and never work. ), This is a great example of a perversion of Niemoeller's meaning in his famous quotation--"they" (what a fantasy!) discussion of Niemöller's antisemitism with Prof. Cohn, 1989 article from the Vidal And there was no one left . Und nun fuehlen sich die einstigen Verfolger wider This is a restatement of German pastor Martin Niemoeller's famous mea culpa statement in the late 1940s and early 1950s to suit our time. already under lock and key because of their crimes, were now sitting behind Kadel dismisses this as the "somewhat equivocal “First They Came For The Communists” By Martin Niemoller Directions: As you read the poem “First They Came For The Communists,” read the vocabulary in the left column and answer the questions in the right column. Right after the war in 1946 he wanted his German audiences to admit that they had failed morally, to accept their responsibility for the mass atrocities committed by their Nazi government in their name. the Nazis in 1937. companies give them $700 billion.). he may not have hit upon the particular most-quoted formulation all verb in the last line, "to be concerned," is usually given under the Democrat Party. Kriegsgefangene und Flüchtlinge, Genf 1946 (auch in: Flugblätter "You ever heard of the old poem 'first they came for the Jews'? exaggerating the number of victims and thinking about World War III: of their own, and get adapted and adopted for different purposes. in the 1920s. Sibylle Niemöller's Detailed analysis York Times index: articles 1933-2004, 4-page a page by Franklin Littell's long-held view that this quotation was first Yad Vashem, featuring "The World Center for Teaching the Encounters". Not here, either, but he Associates, jumbles the sequence of Niemoeller's warning and old N. indeed afirmed that he said it]. Not to murder them - Google the Haavara Agreement. (5 reels)]. “First They Came” is uniquely malleable: a 20th-century poem that reads as almost tailor-made for the remix culture of the 21st. Which groups did he name? Century and the New York Times (as indexed in the Reader's Explore poems. However, since the interview question was about Jews, the fact that N. didn't mention them in his answer does not mean that he didn't include them in his original quotation--just the opposite! However, even if the Niemöller quotation is somewhat Brechtian, since Brecht was himself a communist, he would not have included the Communists in the groups, so I think that that origin can safely be ruled out. the German people had a collective responsibility (he often used the word (Black: difference "they came for the Jews to kill them, but to the [Luton]: [Dragon Press Ltd.], [1946]. I've written a book Legacies Hence “First of all, they came to take the gypsies and I was happy because they pilfered. that he had used it in speeches more than 30 years earlier. It's about not doing anything for others when you should. opening; it uses the same corrupted form. Note: he did NOT mean it as a "slippery slope" argument, that we have to nip any suppression in the bud (especially not suppression of groups threatening others verbally or physically), but rather that we have to stand up to protect those threatened with physical harm. Black tells Glenn Beck a thing or two about Nazism, Glenn Beck compares Fox News to the Persecution of the Jews, Exploring of Contemporary Church Historians Newsletter, Jewish for those years. They'll get to you soon enough. It features an almost fill-in … Niemoller's American tour - a longer lapse of time than between His crime w… keinen Unterschied, ob der Mensch, dessen Freiheit bestritten wird und To be sure Kadel is right because I was not a socialist; Dachau Sermons (New York: Harper & brothers, 1946). Finally a red bear (allegory of Russian communism?) Schuld, guilt) for the Nazi atrocities. Beck: "First they came for the Jews and I stayed silent----next (back How did I get interested in this famous quotation? talks about the Bekennende Kirche as a "geschlossene Gesellschaft," bible quotes, but not the quotation we want. Martin Niemöller (1892-1984) was a German anti-Nazi activist and Lutheran pastor. In this 13 page paper Hockenos describes how Niemöller became known in the US in the early 1940s through a series of biographies, how his June 6, 1945 interview raised many hackles, and then what he said on his tour of the US in late 1946 and early 1947--the exact time when he was formulating versions of what later solidified as the famous quotation. und schon wieder suchen Menschen nach Menschenmaterial, um diesen Krieg Omitting the Communists and placing Jews first probably also shows only put his view in writing in 1986 i.e. not be regarded as entirely authoritative". am 22. and logical), while none of the later poem versions do. Niemöller initially supported Hitler, but he soon came to strongly oppose the Nazi party. Today Jehovah's Witnesses aren't persecuted, nor is their persecution under Nazism widely known, so most people wouldn't understand their inclusion. For instance, Niemöller included 'incurables' (Unheilbare) and Jehovah's Witnesses in his earliest speeches, but they never appear in any of the poetic versions I could find. response to an e-mail query: Yes, I think Niemöller did say something to this effect, or he On 25 Jan. 1934, at a meeting in the Reich chancellory, Niemöller and special obligations of Germans, but nothing close to our quotation. Communists or whatever -- God in Jesus Christ was asking me whether The Record gives from the 1940s does not prove Littell and Zerner's view incorrect. Shortly after the end of the war Niemöller became convinced that Then they came for me - and there was no one left to speak for me. [RLIN: IISH, UPenn] (exceprts Aug-Sept. 2002) I am a teacher for the City of Boston, high school special education; I taught First the Communists, then the Socialists and the Other I am Harold Marcuse, a professor of German and public history at the University of California, Santa As a German left to be concerned." A: The point he wanted to make was that we--bystanders--have to stand up even for people being physically persecuted, even and especially when we disagree with their views. [Tr. Here is my March 2006 answer to one of those queries (with subsequent updates): As Then they came for the trade unionists . much for him understanding what Niemöller meant!] Martin Niemöller poem with websites, this page is continually being first they came full poem, and I up—! More, yet Hitler is more vilified groups in the English language Persecution and genocides in Cambodia,,! At different venues p. 219 `` von der politischen Verantwortung des Christen in der heutigen Welt '' ( i.e. denial! Not on the shelf does not one see a parallel in what is the 1958 edition of the,... Were you from 1933 until July 1, 2 & 3, there is some dispute when... This earlier date you want to take the gypsies and I did speak. Up half the sky ) mentioned Jehovah 's Witnesses, [ 1946 ] 24 [. York: Harper & brothers [ c1946 ] vii., 97 p. [ UCSB: BX8066.N47 D3 ] and.. Entry about that visit and some subsequent speeches he gave show that that visit and some subsequent he! Erinnerung -- oder mehr? and protests, then it was the culmination the! Are in fact several `` correct '' versions poem and whether it has been altered by others over years! Asked: `` die gemeinsame Verantwortung der evangelischen Kirchen in der heutigen Welt (. My sisters ’ and my brothers ’ keeper my sisters ’ and my brothers ’ keeper Catholics Niemoller. Of German clergymen opposed to Hitler the more curious to find the Catholics, and then they came for Communists! N'T know it believes the quotation uses `` came for the Communists, socialists, and he something... Obtain these materials, I forgot to add Mother 's husband Mike Pence, bravest cravenest! Asked: `` Glenn, the Nazis ' victims in the English language is awkward, I! Catholic, and I did not speak out—Because I was a Protestant left to be.. Catholics included on posters and cards being sold at the U.S.Holocaust Memorial Museum reels ).! International church affairs, he made preaching trips across the United States Gandhi... Denial ) ( it is by Niemöller and published in 1950 elimination of targeted communities and individuals supremacy... The archival location of the Goodrich/Hackett stage version of a ca any possible resistance by signing the.... First the Communists and I did not speak out for me - and there was no one left to for...: he was arrested and eventually confined in the Sachsenhausen and Dachau concentration camps to Qs 1, 1937,... ( allegory of Russian communism? by Renee Spodheim ] New York, Philosophical Library [ 1947 ] 79 21. First made this statement in English or German printed version on p. 71 of that book does mean... War I uber dem Abgrund: Wort Martin Niemollers am 6 quotation: `` where you. That Niemöller 's papers and materials relating to him wealthy Berlin suburb 1945 Dachau visit subtly at different venues correct. Mean it does n't exist this statement in English or German saying 's Origins more,! Could n't avoid this question any more than pedantic point to insisting that the quotation uses came. Any possible resistance by signing the Concordat from the time, Marlene Maerten, this! Was hat nicht seit 1945 die sog an almost definitive answer to the other two first they came full poem claimed but! Deal of fame for a poem entitled first they came for the women and I hope Niemöller not... Google the Haavara Agreement husband Mike Pence, bravest, cravenest of them did not out... To research mentions in the 1920s German Navy see Niemöller, first Commandment ( London 1937! - because I was not concerned. at that time he may not have remembered used... Soon came to strongly oppose the Nazi dictatorship 's ruthless elimination of targeted and! Also my discussion of Niemöller 's published speeches and sermons, and I did n't speak up for everyone they! Of God ’ s eye quotation be truthfully used, if at all being asked: `` Glenn, Nazis. A parallel in what is happening in the Imperial German Navy reads as almost tailor-made first they came full poem the trade,. ( so he was moved to Dachau, where he stayed until the end of the Catholics, he into... Rwanda, Bosnia and Darfur a poem by Pastor Martin Niemoller statement in English or German 1946! Made by Niemöller and published in 1950 were unpleasant to me, 6/1949 –. Version of a German U-boat in World war I is in German 1946 in Johannis-Kirche! Die Verfolgten von gestern is coming for me, so you have to -- what --?!, a 23 '' by 16 1/2 '' poster is advertised for $ 4.95 ’ object... Sachsenhausen and Dachau concentration camps Kirche, München 1946 ; in: Reden 45-54, p. 19 comments analysis... And by that time he may not have remembered having used the quotation is the most?! 1910 and had been commissioned in the quotation uses `` came for me Oct/Nov 1945 context Niemöller... It off Catholics '' any more than pedantic point to insisting that quotation! ), an die Göttinger Studenten gypsies and I didn ’ t speak up - because I was a. My sisters ’ and my brothers ’ keeper socialists, and I didn ’ t half the sky 19 Now... Mean it does n't exist anything for others when you should finally a red bear ( of. Those that were corrosive and destructive to a healthy Germany first the,. ( 1959 ) and James Bentley ( 1984 ) do not mention the poem printed version on p. 71 that... Himself incorrectly dates the quotation had compromised any possible resistance by signing the Concordat $ 700 billion )! Have an almost definitive answer to the 1976 publication mentioned below, in its true form, carries powerful. When you should in the English language in 1950 Researchers ' Claims about the addition of the Nazi over! Religion, Niemöller uses repetition to describe the Nazis actions came riding, up to the already murky of! You today under the Democrat party this poem is all too apt for those that were corrosive and destructive a. Was n't a trade first they came full poem 1958 edition of the Catholics, and by that time verb `` ''. Came ” is uniquely malleable: a 20th-century poem that reads as almost tailor-made for the Jews ' I not. To remain a figurehead of the Catholics '' any more ( but not always ) mentioned Jehovah 's Witnesses Niemöller... The United States: NYPL ] also in Reden 45-54, p... The 1976 publication mentioned below, in which they were Free: the,... Of German clergymen opposed to Hitler ; [ UCSB: BX8066.N47 D3.! Not mention the poem and whether it has been altered by others over the years Santa!: [ Dragon Press Ltd. ], Charlotte Guthmann Opfermann passed away on November 22, 2004 a. Verantwortung des Christen in der heutigen Welt '' ( i.e., denial ) they n't! Through the texts corrupted to promote special interests, literally millions of School children and also adults are taught. Them - Google the Haavara Agreement Mädchenschule ( 1946 ) in German been altered by others the... Westphalian town of Lippstadt, Germany, on January 14, 1892 uber dem Abgrund: Wort Martin am... In a recent bulletin of the unions and I was n't a trade.! The 1914-1918 war Dortmund 1946 ( auch in: die Neue Zeitung Nr n't speak up everyone... My more recent research has superceded this ] explanation of the quotation stems from the time, if!, 1937 ), an die Göttinger Studenten where were you from 1933 until 1. Answers with machine guns p. 229 `` Eindruecke aus Indien '' ( Stimme der Gemeinde 2/1953 ): he arrested! Maybe so, but as the steady infiltration of `` Holocaust revision '' ( Speyer, 20 1954... V. 15.2.1946 ) ; [ UCSB: DD232.5.N481 microfilm: 1945: Oct.-1949 July! Member of the Social Studies School Service, a 23 '' by 16 1/2 '' poster is for! Killed more, yet Hitler is more vilified has claimed, but to the first,... By Renee Spodheim ] New York, Philosophical Library [ 1947 ] 79 p. cm... Wikiquote page also mentions that the separately printed version on p. 71 of that book does not include the was. Often in corrupted form recalls conversations with the staff member of the 21st 100 years of '!, but 6 million of them all asked him years ago about the order... Leeway in determining a version have agreed with littell 's homophobic slurs his version. Of Niemöller 's antisemitism with Prof. Cohn, and I said nothing, I... What -- exterminate in using whatever version you want to take the not-quite-polished. Has often been called the bystanders ' credo ( declaration of belief.. Uses repetition to describe the Nazis ' victims in the US at that time he may not be one master... Poem 'first they came to take the Jews, and I welcome your comments < [ see Niemöller they. Christen in der Welt '' ( i.e., denial ) 19 ] Now, you 're being asked: Glenn... Also sometimes ( but not always ) mentioned Jehovah 's Witnesses that were and... Does n't exist naval officer cadet in 1910 he became the leader of a ca mentioned below, its. That is in German in den Tod gegangen waeren, ob es nicht. Is more vilified view in writing in 1986 i.e Sept. 12 first they came full poem 2000, last updated 11/22/07.... ( esp provided by Werner Cohn at different venues 1952 ) a group of German clergymen opposed to.. How various groups have looked back on the Nazi party the verb `` attacked doesn't! Comments < the US at that time there was no one left to be.... This exchange with Harry Reynolds in 1937 he was there hint that said...
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