Police and prosecutors rarely pursued investigations or criminal charges against people who commit family violence—even in cases of attempted murder, serious injury, or repeated rape—and instead prefer to resolve such cases through mediation and/or payment of compensation. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Papua New Guinea Transnational Issues … Two men – Michale Somare and Peter O'Neill – are currently claiming to be the rightful prime minister of the nation. The PNG government failed to address abuses by security forces. CDC supports strengthening the capacity of Papua New Guinea’s public health workforce through the establishment of a Field Epidemiology Training program. Banknote World offers Palau New Guinea currency for sale to collectors looking for a piece of Palau New Guinea. Cases involving it and the government regulator outnumber cases with all other telecommunications companies in Papua New Guinea combined. Pollution - the contamination of a healthy environment by man-made waste. Papua New Guinea’s hosting of the 2018 Asia−Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) leaders’ summit was part of a push for greater international standing, with O’Neill projecting Papua New Guinea as a regional leader advancing Pacific Islands issues … In June, following a class action settlement, the Australian government paid A$70 million (approximately US$51million) in compensation to asylum seekers and refugees for their illegal detention on Manus Island. The department then leases it to businesse... Read Details. The economy has a small formal sector, focused mainly on the export of those natural resources, and an informal sector, employing the majority of the population. A partnership is required to submit a return of income to the IRC.  Papua New Guinea's parliament has been complimented for its stability in recent years, but this has come at the cost of robust debate. The discussion of quality issues in Papua New Guinea requires that attention be focused on what is known about the actual quality of the health care provided in Papua New Guinea. Inuit Circumpolar Conference (ICC) - represents the roughly 150,000 Inuits of Alaska, Canada, Greenland, and Russia in international environmental issues; a General Assembly convenes every three years to determine the focus of the ICC; the most current concerns are long-range transport of pollutants, sustainable development, and climate change. There have been urgent calls, including by Australian doctors, to improve healthcare standards on Manus Island. Papua New Guinea hit by 6.3-magnitude earthquake. While there are many issues, the government of Papua New Guinea is making every effort to combat poverty. Papua New Guinea is an independent Commonwealth realm, with the monarch serving as head of state and a governor-general, nominated by the National Parliament, serving as their representative. The Papua New Guinea parliament was envisaged to play a 'central role' in shaping the country's democracy both through its law-making function and as the leading forum for debate on national issues. Few police are ever held to account for beating or torturing criminal suspects, a common occurrence. Papua New Guinea has never had a strong political party system, and with 45 political parties participating in the 2017 elections, this continues to be a challenge. Product/Service Access to mental health care is limited, and many people with psychosocial disabilities and their families often consider traditional healers to be the only option. In Papua New Guinea, gender inequality is a major social, economic and political issue and remains prevalent in both urban and rural societies. The following issues are most prevalent in this country. The leases represent over 10 percent of the country’s total landmass and potentially impact more than 700,000 people. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry:Acidification - the lowering of soil and water pH due to acid precipitation and deposition usually through precipitation; this process disrupts ecosystem nutrient flows and may kill freshwater fish and plants dependent on more neutral or alkaline conditions (see acid rain).Acid rain - characterized as containing harmful levels of sulfur dioxide or nitrogen oxide; acid rain is damaging and potentially deadly to the earth's fragile ecosystems; acidity is measured using the pH scale where 7 is neutral, values greater than 7 are considered alkaline, and values below 5.6 are considered acid precipitation; note - a pH of 2.4 (the acidity of vinegar) has been measured in rainfall in New England. In September, the government indicated it would introduce new measures to give immunity to police and defense force soldiers on special operations supposedly to “curb lawlessness.”. Overgrazing - the grazing of animals on plant material faster than it can naturally regrow leading to the permanent loss of plant cover, a common effect of too many animals grazing limited range land. 1. As of 2010, 13,500 Papuan refugees live in exile in the neighbouring Papua New Guinea (PNG), and occasionally, the fighting spills over the border. Papua New Guinea has been gripped by political turmoil for almost a week now. This publication is the fifth in the current series of Papua New Guinea Economic Updates (PNG EU). The Porgera gold mine is located in Enga Province, 600km north-west of Port Moresby. US resettlement from Manus remains slow, with 163 resettled as of October. Etymology. Environment - current issues: rain forest loss as a result of growing commercial demand for tropical timber; unsustainable logging practices result in soil erosion, water quality degredation, and loss of habitat and biodiversity; large-scale mining projects cause adverse impacts on forests and water quality (discharge of heavy metals, cyanide, and acids into rivers); severe drought; inappropriate … Following a 2016 PNG Supreme Court decision that detaining asylum seekers is unconstitutional, in November 2017, the Australian and PNG government closed the main center on Manus and relocated refugees and asylum seekers to other accommodation facilities on the island. It allows MPs to hop between parties - leading to tradition of instability and growing urgency … NOTE: 1) The information regarding Papua New Guinea on this page is re-published from the 2020 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. Close to 90 percent of the population live in rural areas and access to these widely scattered communities is often difficult, slow and expensive. In 1996, Papua New Guinea had the highest per capita HIV prevalence in the North and South Pacific regions. In November, Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison and PNG Prime Minister Peter O’Neill signed a joint defense agreement to deepen relations and security cooperation, partly to curb China’s growing influence in the Pacific. Human Rights Watch defends the rights of people in 90 countries worldwide, spotlighting abuses and bringing perpetrators to justice, Human Rights Watch is a 501(C)(3) nonprofit registered in the US under EIN: 13-2875808, As China’s Grip Tightens, Global Institutions Gasp, You Should Be Worrying about the Woman Shortage. Papua New Guinea launched the National Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WaSH) policy in 2015. National Issues & Scandals. About 570 male asylum seekers and refugees live in PNG, most on Manus Island. As of 2002, the crude birth rate and overall mortality rate were estimated at, respectively, 31.6 and 7.8 per 1,000 people. Email: Ben.Reilly@anu.edu.au Abstract: On many measures of ethno-linguistic diversity, Papua New Guinea is the most frag-mented society in the world. The U.S. In 2013, the Family Protection Act was passed, which criminalizes domestic violence and allows victims to obtain protection orders. “We and the communities we are working with have now entered into a … During his first term in parliament he was in Opposition, and was appointed Shadow Minister for In October, a local man violently assaulted an Iranian refugee who was hospitalized with serious injuries to his head and eyes. Corruption in PNG is widespread. Papua New Guinea’s top two bankers – Loi Bakani, Governor of the Bank of Papua New Guinea and Robin Fleming, Chief Executive of Bank South Pacific – have set the record straight on the country's foreign exchange challenges. In most countries this wouldn’t be an issue. currently being implemented in over 20 countries globally. Papua New Guinea’s first case of HIV was reported in 1987, and since then, HIV prevalence has risen dramatically. Indonesian court issues guilty verdicts in West Papua trial. Metallurgical plants - industries which specialize in the science, technology, and processing of metals; these plants produce highly concentrated and toxic wastes which can contribute to pollution of ground water and air when not properly disposed. PNG is known as "the Land of the Unexpected" and there could be many more twists ahead as the turmoil plays out. Michael Kabui argues the stability of the current Marape-led coalition depends on three issues: the Supreme Court ruling on the validity of James Marape’s election in May 2019; Kerenga Kua’s challenge against the appointment of Belden Namah as the opposition leader; and the expiry of the 18-month post-election grace period from a vote of no confidence on 28 November 2020. China is set to overtake Australia as the largest donor to PNG, though most assistance is in the form of infrastructure loans rather than aid. Greenhouse gas - a gas that "traps" infrared radiation in the lower atmosphere causing surface warming; water vapor, carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, methane, hydrofluorocarbons, and ozone are the primary greenhouse gases in the Earth's atmosphere. One rationale was that taxation be used to encourage growth of existing SMEs and encourage the Informal and Micros to formalize. Australasia. But it's not over yet.  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