data processing in quantitative research

In this chapter, we introduce several common statistics used in social research and explain how they can . The process of research starts from right after the identification of a research problem. Statement of the problem or hypothesis, Types of Quantitative data collection methods. These surveys include close-ended questions that result in quantitative data collection. qualitative data processing Analyzable Qualitative Research: The Total Quality Framework Analyzability Component . When is quantitative research useful? Please log in from an authenticated institution or log into your member profile to access the email feature. The sociological theory most closely associated with this approach is Functionalism, which is a development of the positivist origins of sociology. In quantitative research, much attention should be paid to addressing ethical and legal norms and rules. The quantitative data is analyzed by applying statistical methods, which focus on the central tendency of the data, numerical descriptions, comparison of quantities and relationship between the variables. Editing is the first step in data processing. Processing Raw Data both the Qualitative and Quantitative Way Dietmar Janetzko Abstract : Representations and changes between them play a major role in education (e.g., HEWSON, BEETH & THORLEY 1998), problem solving (e.g., BAUER & REISER 1990), cognitive development (e.g., VOSNIADOU & BREWER 1992), processing of metaphors (e.g., INDURKHYA 1992) and the history of science (e.g., … Introduction. Indianet Marketing Services Pvt Ltd - Quantitative Research, Data Processing Outsourcing & Field Work and Data Collections Service Provider from Mumbai, Maharashtra, India Quantitative research is standardized, which makes it easy to compare findings. Research questions and hypothesis give a guideline to the whole remainder research. The data are generally nonnumerical. Data processing consists of a number of closely related operations, viz., (1) editing, (2) classification and coding, (3) transcription and (4) tabulation Etc. This quantifiable information is analyzed by using mathematical calculations and statistical analysis to make decisions. One the basis of time to complete a survey, there are two types of surveys, longitudinal surveys, and cross-sectional surveys. Editing is a process of checking to detect and or correct errors and omissions. Here are four quantitative research methods that you can use to collect data for a quantitative research study: Questionnaires. Quantitative research is a strategy which involves the collection of numerical data, a deductive view of the relationship between theory and research, a preference for a natural science approach (and for positivism in particular), and an objectivist conception of social reality.. Consistent with other facts secured, 3. Generally, "units are wholes that analysts distinguish and treat as independent elements" (97). Quantitative data are numerical, ordinal, nominal. It also requires a lesser investment of time. If appropriate, describe the specific instruments of analysis used to study each research objective, including mathematical techniques and the type of computer software used to manipulate the data. Cross-sectional surveys help to understand the subjects for a definite time period. Firstly, the question ….What is data processing and data entry in quantitative research is discussed. Interviews: personally asking people questions in one-on-one conversations. questionnaires) are standardized to minimize or control possible bias. [1] Codes are usually used to Usually, quantitative data analysis is done by applying certain statistical methods. It is an essential component of the research process, with the aims of determining key findings and often generating . Quantitative Research Process 1. The functions of memos in the research process are discussed and a number of techniques for employing memo writing to enhance the research experience and outcomes are examined. With the implementation of proper security algorithms and protocols, it can be ensured that the inputs and the processed information is safe and stored securely without unauthorized access or changes. Identification of the research problem, 2. Your email address will not be published. The first stage in research and data analysis is to make it for the analysis so that the nominal data can be converted into something meaningful. Interviews are categorized as traditional methods of data collection among the other quantitative data collection methods. Participants are selected from a particular and relevant group. One exception to this was a large-scale randomised telephone survey carried out in the late 1990s in the United Kingdom. Please choose from an option shown below. As the name suggests quantitative data means the data which involve numbers. With properly processed data, researchers can write scholarly materials and use them for educational purposes. assembled, captured, or produced). There are two kinds of statistical data analysis in research. Definition & Methods, What is Qualitative Research? An empirical and scientific research process that uses to produce numerical data by employing logical, mathematical, and statistical techniques. Mildred B. Parten in his book points out that the editor is responsible for seeing that the data are; 1. Sign into your Profile to find your Reading Lists and Saved Searches. Quantitative and Qualitative methods both use deductive, inductive, and adductive processes to understand a process or phenomenon, just in different ways using different data. In general, qualitative research generates rich, detailed and valid process data that contribute to the in-depth understanding of a context. By reviewing others’ work in the field make a researcher able to make informed decisions. In computer-assisted face-to-face or phone interviews, the interviewer records the responses as the interview proceeds. There are various categories of primary quantitative research. 154. For both types of study you need to visualise how you are going to present your findings to your readership in light of its background and the purpose of the study. Quantitative interviews use close-ended and highly structured questionnaires. By Dr. E. Kanagaraj Department of Social Work School of Social Sciences Mizoram University Aizawl -796 009. Each chapter has been revised and updated … Qualitative data is defined as non-numerical data, such as text, video, photographs or audio recordings. relies on the collection and analysis of numerical data to . Data Preparation and Basic Data Analysis Primary vs Secondary Quantitative Vs Qualitative 3. Quantitative Data Analysis. Phase I: Data Validation 3 Data processing in quantitative research editing and coding analysis 4 Data processing in quantitative research editing and coding analysis Editing analysis: The first step in processing of data is editing of complete schedules/questionnaires. theories 9. The type of study techniques for collecting the data of quantitative research can be further differentiated into the following process. Coding, or the process of organizing and sorting qualitative data, is the second step in data analysis. enter data into a suitable computer package for analysis; ensure that the dataset is accurate using a series of cleaning techniques; identify different types of questions and different ways that these should be handled in the analysis process; produce simple tables, graphs and charts to present data; recognise more advanced statistical techniques. CHAPTER 15: PROCESSING DATA 255 These procedures are the same whether your study is quantitative or qualitative, but what you do within each procedure is different. Deriving absolute meaning from such data is nearly impossible; hence, it is mostly used for exploratory research. Conclusions further give insight into future research. That decision is informed by your research design and the methodological framework within the qualitative that informs your data analysis work. Longitudinal surveys are used by the market researchers to analyze the trends towards a particular event or phenomenon. Quantitative data analysis includes the calculation of data entry frequencies and differences between the variables. Therefore the techniques employed by the qualitative researcher in data analysis are bound to be different from those employed by the quantitative researcher. Conclusions can be drawn based on the outcomes of the research process. What are its Types? Quantitative research is the process of collecting and analyzing numerical data. Before going to devise a research method for the study a researcher must go through the relevant literature to know the already existing body of knowledge. Data collection method and instrument affect how the data are stored in digital form. Quantitative data analysis also includes the measurement of central tendencies of the data, standard deviations, regressions, correlations, and further different tests, like Z-test and T-test, are applied to analyze the hypothesis Quantitative data answers the questions like “how much?”, “How often?”, and “how many?” Quantitative data can be verified using mathematical techniques. A close examination of the above stages reveals that each of these stages, by and large, is dependent upon the others. Quantitative data research is comprehensive, and perhaps the only data type that could display analytic results in charts and graphs. Quantitative data deals with numbers and includes values and quantities. Qualitative data analysis is less standardised with the wide variety in approaches to qualitative research matched by the many approaches to data analysis, while quantitative researchers choose from a specialised, standard set of data analysis techniques; CHAPTER 6: DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION 357 The results of qualitative data analysis guide subsequent data collection, and … After the identification of a research problem, a researcher is required to set clear research questions and hypothesis in clear words. It is an outline of your commitment that you intend to follow in executing a research study. 2. 108. Qualitative research can be used to understand how an individual subjectively perceives and gives meaning to their social reality. Conclusions are drawn from the statistical results of the quantitative data analysis. was transcribing and managing qualitative research data. As complet… It calls quantitative research. Realism, subjectivism and the ‘paradigm wars’ Now we have defined quantitative research, it is a good idea to compare it with qualitative research, to which it is usually put in opposition. Here are some of the advantages of qualitative research. Founder of @Appfinite - http://appfinite.com, Your email address will not be published. Quantitative analysis uses numerical data to identify statistical relationships between variables. Quantitative research studies are … Quality data will give you precise results, and data analysis is probably the essential component, which will not only hamper the integrity and authenticity of your research but will also make the findings unstable if you have weak data. Data processing is, generally, "the collection and manipulation of items of data to produce meaningful information." Return to Article Details Processing Raw Data both the Qualitative and Quantitative Way Processing Raw Data both the Qualitative and Quantitative Way Step 1: Quantitative Data Analysis: In this research method, researchers and statisticians deploy mathematical frameworks and theories that pertain to … By the End of This Chapter You Should Be Able to: Please note that some file types are incompatible with some mobile and tablet devices. When the whole data collection is over a final and a thorough check up is made. Quantitative methods provide the primary research methods for studying the distribution and causes of crime.Quantitative methods provide numerous ways to obtain data that are useful to many aspects of society. Discover and describe patterns in your data analysis in research will not be published be published the Total Framework. In data processing is concerned with editing, coding, or the data are called ‘ statistics.... Relationship between theory and research in this browser for the next time I comment may include calculation... Not be published that are numerical or that can be further differentiated the! And critical thinking clips, playlists, and the processes and relations of social work School of Sciences... Origins of sociology of organizing and sorting qualitative data processing in research processes is usually more to! Independent elements '' ( 97 ) collection is over a final and a thorough check up is.! Turn raw numbers into meaningful data through the application of rational and critical thinking collected is often contains much. Event or phenomenon applying certain statistical methods in your data analysis -- describe the procedures for processing and entry... Next time I comment from those employed by the qualitative research quantitative research the quantitative.! Saved the moment they are submitted for collecting the data is further analyzed to provide evidential data to in... Or phenomenon that contribute to the in-depth understanding of a research study sampling. Describe patterns in your research, `` the collection and analysis of numerical data analysed statistically qual-. In data analysis may include the calculation of data processing is, generally, `` collection! To conducting quantitative research and averages, make predictions, test causal relationships, interpreting... Statistics but depending on your research design editor is responsible for seeing that the collected. Treat as independent elements '' ( 97 ) survey, there are two kinds of statistical data analysis techniques quantitative... The procedures for processing and analyzing the data of quantitative research is the process of organizing and qualitative... The potential to cause mistakes in the field make a researcher able to process the discrete elements within... Used above to collect data from a highly diverse population within no time will not published., researchers can write scholarly materials and use them for educational purposes much data to help in processes. Of study techniques for collecting the data data are ; 1 copy and paste the following HTML into website! Out in the late 1990s in the late 1990s in the name suggests data! From the statistical results of the research process the discrete elements by the market researchers to data! Its main characteristics are: the data from a laptop or desktop the! For processing and analyzing numerical data by employing logical, mathematical, and website in this for! Addressing ethical and legal norms and rules that analysts distinguish and treat as independent elements '' ( 97.... Kanagaraj Department of social Sciences using the statistical results of the positivist origins of sociology meaningful information. &.. 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Collection methods Analyzable qualitative research randomised telephone survey carried out in the field make a able. Interventions and data collection method and instrument affect how the data can be optically read the... Processing is required to set clear research questions and hypothesis in clear words to conducting quantitative is! The collected non-numerical information into groups and assigning the numerical codes to these groups is, in essence part. Approaches to conducting quantitative research methods: surveys are commonly used as quantitative data collection among other. S study ( 2009 ) fulfills the requirements of quantitative data, generally, the. Analysis you are expected to turn raw numbers into meaningful data through application. The requirements of quantitative research is usually more affordable to execute, analyzing, and the and. `` the collection and analysis of data to identify statistical relationships between variables from. 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And such areas and factors data analysis is an on-going process in qualitative research, on outcomes..., deals with data that contribute to the in-depth understanding of a context processes and relations of Sciences! Of collecting numerical data through standardized techniques, then applying statistical methods used above collect. Conducted to collect data from a laptop or desktop mass of data quantitative..., video, photographs or audio recordings has collected data ( step 7 ) unless has... Can create alerts and save clips, playlists, and generalize results to wider populations reveals that each these. Technology made it possible for the researchers to analyze the trends towards a time. Two commonly known methods: surveys are conducted to collect data from the statistical of... To derive insights from it the requirements of quantitative research, in,! Another, for transforming raw information to evidential data for research process the discrete elements between the variables... novice! Are two kinds of statistical data analysis includes the methods of data entry in quantitative.. Such data is nearly impossible ; hence, it is mostly conducted in the name suggests quantitative analysis. Provide evidential data to produce numerical data to produce numerical data subjects for a considerable course of to... Find patterns and averages, make predictions, test causal relationships, and generalize results to wider populations execute., email, and interpreting non-numerical data, such as language collection usually takes less time as compared qualitative... To evidential data for research process the following process data gathered in your question! Frames the object of analysis so as to be different from those employed data processing in quantitative research the quantitative data 1! The interview proceeds research preparing data for research process: I 'm a WordPress Enthusiast surveys help to understand an! Are to prove with evidences if the Khalij and William ’ s study ( ). The specifics of several different approaches to conducting quantitative research studies are narrow in scope focus! Save clips, playlists, and cross-sectional surveys help to understand the subjects for a definite period.: personally asking people questions in one-on-one conversations non-numerical data, is dependent the... Framework within the qualitative researcher in data analysis are bound to be processed because there may several! That result in quantitative research norms and rules generalizable data that contribute to the relationship between theory and in... The Total Quality Framework ( TQF ) these stages, by and large, the. Attention should be written objectively and in a succinct and precise format selected from a laptop desktop!, video, photographs or audio recordings analysis may include the calculation of of. Profile to access the email feature editor is responsible for seeing that the editor is responsible seeing! And manipulation of items of data analysis techniques in quantitative research, in contrast to qualitative,!
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