the great lakes names

Particularly, the 1825 opening of the Erie Canal and the Welland Canal a few years later. These lakes contain approximately 84 percent of North America's surface water and are the home to more than 3,500 species of plants and animals. [74], The alewife first entered the system west of Lake Ontario via 19th-century canals. The Great Lakes Restoration Initiative, described as "the largest investment in the Great Lakes in two decades",[135] was funded at $475 million in the U.S. federal government's Fiscal Year 2011 budget, and $300 million in the Fiscal Year 2012 budget. The smallest and shallowest lake is Lake Erie. [73], Introductions into the Great Lakes include the zebra mussel, which was first discovered in 1988, and quagga mussel in 1989. Dispersed throughout the Great Lakes are approximately 35,000 islands. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}45°N 84°W / 45°N 84°W / 45; -84. When the sailing ships gave way to steamships, they were called steamboats—the same term used on the Mississippi. [70], Since the 19th century an estimated 160 new species have found their way into the Great Lakes ecosystem; many have become invasive; the overseas ship ballast and ship hull parasitism are causing severe economic and ecological impacts. [95] Reports about this issue on the U.S. side highlight five large municipal systems (those of Detroit, Cleveland, Buffalo, Milwaukee and Gary) as being the largest current periodic sources of untreated discharges into the Great Lakes.[96]. [14], Intensive human population growth began in the region in the 20th century and continues today. [116] The iron ore and much of the stone and coal are used in the steel industry. [14] Lake Michigan is the only one of the Great Lakes that is entirely within the United States; the others form a water boundary between the United States and Canada. 110. The Great Lakes are very popular for boating, fishing and other water activities. The mollusks are efficient filter feeders, competing with native mussels and reducing available food and spawning grounds for fish. Historically, the Great Lakes, in addition to their lake ecology, were surrounded by various forest ecoregions (except in a relatively small area of southeast Lake Michigan where savanna or prairie occasionally intruded). great lakes A group of five large interconnected lakes in central North America that consist of lakes Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, and Ontario, and constitute the largest area of fresh water in the world. Concerns by the mid-19th century included obstructions in the rivers which prevented salmon and lake sturgeon from reaching their spawning grounds. This was, in order of volume: iron ore, grain and potash. On December 13, 2005, the Governors and Premiers signed these two agreements, the first of which is between all ten jurisdictions. More on Lake Superior In the early 19th century, the government of Upper Canada found it necessary to introduce similar legislation prohibiting the use of weirs and nets at the mouths of Lake Ontario's tributaries. By taking CO2 out of the water, to photosynthesize, diatoms help to stabilize the pH of the water, as otherwise CO2 would react with water making it more acidic. National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA. This is similar to the effect of warmer air dropping snow as it passes over mountain ranges. [78] The sea lamprey, which has been particularly damaging to the native lake trout population, is another example of a marine invasive species in the Great Lakes. The Great Lakes Waterway connects all the lakes; the smaller Saint Lawrence Seaway connects the lakes to the Atlantic oceans. Hundreds of ships have met their end on the lakes. The Great Lakes are connected by the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal to the Gulf of Mexico by way of the Illinois River (from the Chicago River) and the Mississippi River. In the early 21st century, Lake Superior's shores are 91% forested, Lake Huron 68%, Lake Ontario 49%, Lake Michigan 41%, and Lake Erie, where logging and urbanization has been most extensive, 21%. Fact Check: Is the COVID-19 Vaccine Safe? The outflows from lakes Superior and Ontario are regulated, while the outflows of Michigan-Huron and Erie are not regulated at all. If it’s easier, you can also rearrange the letters to spell “MOSHE,” which is the Hebrew name for Moses. They have a total area of approximately 246 050 km 2 and drop from 183 m above sea level at Lake Superior to 74 m at Lake Ontario - the most dramatic drop occurring at NIAGARA FALLS. [35] Both of these islands are large enough to contain multiple lakes themselves—for instance, Manitoulin Island's Lake Manitou is the world's largest lake on a freshwater island. Some of these peninsulas even contain smaller peninsulas, such as the Keweenaw Peninsula, the Thumb Peninsula, the Bruce Peninsula, and the Niagara Peninsula. Several species of crayfish have also been introduced that may contend with native crayfish populations. [71] The last commercial fisherman left Milwaukee in 2011 because of overfishing and anthropogenic changes to the biosphere. Still missing are the two last warships to sink in the Great Lakes, the French minesweepers, Inkerman and Cerisoles, which vanished in Lake Superior during a blizzard in 1918. Fact number 2: To be Métis is often to be mixed up. To learn more Great Lake place names, explore our map. By the mid-1950s, the lake trout populations of Lakes Michigan and Huron were reduced, with the lamprey deemed largely to blame. [83], The first U.S. Clean Water Act, passed by a Congressional override after being vetoed by US President Richard Nixon in 1972, was a key piece of legislation,[84] along with the bi-national Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement signed by Canada and the U.S. A variety of steps taken to process industrial and municipal pollution discharges into the system greatly improved water quality by the 1980s, and Lake Erie in particular is significantly cleaner. Early European settlers were astounded by both the variety and quantity of fish; there were 150 different species in the Great Lakes. [25] The straits are five miles (8 km) wide[14] and 120 feet (37 m) deep; the water levels rise and fall together,[26] and the flow between Michigan and Huron frequently reverses direction. Some lake freighters are too large to use the Seaway, and operate only on the Waterway and lakes. [110], In the early years of the 21st century, water levels in the Great Lakes were a concern. ", Explorer says Griffin shipwreck may be found, "L.R. The Rush–Bagot Treaty signed in 1818, after the War of 1812 and the later Treaty of Washington eventually led to a complete disarmament of naval vessels in the Great Lakes. Fact number 3: Historically, the Métis have a tendency to be mobile, and for this reason they established communities that move and cover an extended territory The lakes are divided among the jurisdictions of the Canadian province of Ontario and the U.S. states of Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York. [14] At least two human water use activities have been identified as having the potential to affect the lakes' levels: diversion (the transfer of water to other watersheds) and consumption (substantially done today by the use of lake water to power and cool electric generation plants, resulting in evaporation). Storm-generated waves carve the lakes' ice sheet and create conical mounds through the eruption of water and slush. Reference Map of the Great Lakes. To … While enormous public investments such as the Deep Tunnel projects in Chicago and Milwaukee have greatly reduced the frequency and volume of these events, they have not been eliminated. Meanwhile, exotic and invasive species have also been introduced. Great Lakes, chain of deep freshwater lakes in east-central North America comprising Lakes Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, and Ontario. Connected to the Atlantic Ocean by… Through the program a coalition of federal agencies is making grants to local and state entities for toxics cleanups, wetlands and coastline restoration projects, and invasive species-related projects. [citation needed], Blue-green algae, or Cyanobacteria blooms,[89] have been problematic on Lake Erie since 2011. Concerns over diversion of Lake water are of concern to both Americans and Canadians. [67], On both sides of the Canada–United States border, the proliferation of dams and impoundments have multiplied, necessitating more regulatory efforts. This form of mercury is not detrimental to a majority of fish types, but is very detrimental to people and other wildlife animals who consume the fish. The Great Lakes are the largest surface freshwater systems on Earth and contain roughly 21 percent of the world water supply. [34] The second-largest island is Isle Royale in Lake Superior. It was more economical to transport the ingredients for steel to centralized plants rather than try to make steel on the spot. [112] This was followed by record high levels in all lakes except Ontario in the late 2010s and 2020. The Lake Superior shipwreck coast from Grand Marais, Michigan, to Whitefish Point became known as the "Graveyard of the Great Lakes". Public outcry forced the company to abandon the plan before it began. The Great Lakes basin (the lakes plus the area of land draining into the lakes) contains 18% of the world's fresh surface water and is home to almost a third of the Canadian population.. As well as providing drinking water, the Great Lakes, which straddle the Canada-United States border, have played a major role in the development of both countries. [113], Alan B. McCullough has written that the fishing industry of the Great Lakes got its start "on the American side of Lake Ontario in Chaumont Bay, near the Maumee River on Lake Erie, and on the Detroit River at about the time of the War of 1812". Because of their sea-like characteristics (rolling waves, sustained winds, strong currents, great depths, and distant horizons) the five Great Lakes have long been called inland seas. [79] Invasive species, particularly zebra and quagga mussels, may be at least partially responsible for the collapse of the deepwater demersal fish community in Lake Huron,[80] as well as drastic unprecedented changes in the zooplankton community of the lake. [105] By 1848, with the opening of the Illinois and Michigan Canal at Chicago, direct access to the Mississippi River was possible from the lakes. In the early 21st century, Lake Superior's shores are 91% forested, Lake Huron 68%, Lake Ontario 49%, Lake Michigan 41%, and Lake Erie, where logging and urbanization has been most extensive, 21%. "[66] But, water quality improvements realized during the 1970s and 1980s, combined with successful salmonid stocking programs, have enabled the growth of a large recreational fishery. A large bloom does not necessarily mean the cyanobacteria ... will produce toxins", said Michael McKay, of the University of Windsor. "Chapter 1:Introduction to Lake St. Clair and the St. Clair River", "Movement Would Thrust Greatness on Lake St. Clair", "State of the Great Lakes 2009 Highlights (PDF)", https://www.glerl.noaa.gov/data/wlevels/data/miHuronLevelsFeet.png, "Genesee, Oakland counties adopt historic name for water group", "Origin and evolution of the Great Lakes", "Lake levels report weighs Great Lakes basin's glacial legacy", "Ice Volcanoes of the Lake Erie Shore Near Dunkirk, New York, U.S.A.", "Great Lakes Water Levels Sensitive To Climate Change", "Gobies up, alewives down in Lake Michigan", "Predicting Invasive Species in the Great Lakes", "Briefing Paper: Great Lakes Nonindigenous Invasive Species", "Risk Assessment for Asian Carps in Canada", "Deepwater demersal fish community collapse in Lake Huron", "Minuscule microbes wield enormous power over the Great Lakes. To easily remember their names, think of the word HOMES - it is made up of the first letter of each lake. [87], Phosphate detergents were historically a major source of nutrient to the Great Lakes algae blooms in particular in the warmer and shallower portions of the system such as Lake Erie, Saginaw Bay, Green Bay, and the southernmost portion of Lake Michigan. Logging, urbanization, and agriculture uses have changed that relationship. [94] The International Joint Commission in 2009 summarized the change: "Since the early 1970s, the level of treatment to reduce pollution from waste water discharges to the Great Lakes has improved considerably. This is a result of significant expenditures to date on both infrastructure and technology, and robust regulatory systems that have proven to be, on the whole, quite effective. Please select all that apply: A link, button or video is not working. Not only is Lake Superiorthe largest of the Great Lakes, it also has the … The names of the five Great Lakes are Lake Superior, Lake Michigan, Lake Huron, Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. These fast-growing planktivorous fish have heavily colonized the Mississippi and Illinois river systems. A valley was formed providing a basin that eventually became modern day Lake Superior. [102][103] The peoples of the Great Lakes traded with the Hopewell culture from around 1000 AD, as copper nuggets have been extracted from the region, and fashioned into ornaments and weapons in the mounds of Southern Ohio. Population centers on the peninsulas include Grand Rapids, Flint, and Detroit in Michigan along with London, Hamilton, Brantford, and Toronto in Ontario. How Does the 25th Amendment Work — and When Should It Be Enacted? The immigration routes still have an effect today. Because of the location of the coal fields in Pennsylvania and West Virginia, and the general northeast track of the Appalachian Mountains, railroads naturally developed shipping routes that went due north to ports such as Erie, Pennsylvania and Ashtabula, Ohio. Armstrong, Leslie, ”Great Lakes Water Levels Rebound Thanks to Prolonged Winter,” Toronto Star, August 14, 2014. In the 19th century and early 20th centuries, iron and other ores such as copper were shipped south on (downbound ships), and supplies, food, and coal were shipped north (upbound). For instance, Western Michigan has apple and cherry orchards, and vineyards cultivated adjacent to the lake shore as far north as the Grand Traverse Bay and Nottawasaga Bay in central Ontario. The Great Lakes are five freshwater lakes located in the central-eastern part of North America. According to the bi-national (U.S. and Canadian) resource book, The Great Lakes: An Environmental Atlas and Resource Book: "The largest Great Lakes fish harvests were recorded in 1889 and 1899 at some 67,000 tonnes (66,000 long tons; 74,000 short tons) [147 million pounds]. Caught in a 1679 storm while trading furs between Green Bay and Michilimacinac, she was lost with all hands aboard. One of the more common sights on the lakes has been since about 1950 the 1,000‑by‑105-foot (305-by-32-meter), 78,850-long-ton (80,120-metric-ton) self-unloader. Background Geology of the North Bay area. The city of Ottawa’s name is derived from the Algonquin word “adawe,” which means “to trade.” Discover more Great Lakes place names. Running cut logs down the tributary rivers into the Great Lakes also dislocated sediments. [111] Researchers at the Mowat Centre said that low levels could cost $19bn by 2050. [93], The amount of raw sewage dumped into the waters was the primary focus of both the first Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement and federal laws passed in both countries during the 1970s. The Great Lakes can have an effect on regional weather called lake-effect snow, which is sometimes very localized. [69] Since 2000, the invasive quagga mussel has smothered the bottom of Lake Michigan almost from shore to shore, and their numbers are estimated at 900 trillion.[70]. Mercury compounds have been used in paper mills to prevent slime from forming during their production, and chemical companies have used mercury to separate chlorine from brine solutions. The process is only well-documented in the Great Lakes, and has been credited with sparing the southern shorelines from worse rocky erosion. The lakes contain about 84% of the surface freshwater of North America;[40] if the water were evenly distributed over the entire continent's land area, it would reach a depth of 5 feet (1.5 meters). The names of the five Great Lakes are Lake Superior, Lake Michigan, Lake Huron, Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. Studies conducted by the Environmental Protection Agency have shown that when the mercury comes in contact with many of the bacteria and compounds in the fresh water, it forms the compound methyl mercury, which has a much greater impact on human health than elemental mercury due to a higher propensity for absorption. [65], The Great Lakes are an important source of fishing. 78 lives were lost making it the largest loss of life in Lake Superior and the greatest unexplained loss of life in the Great Lakes. [54], The total surface area of the lakes is approximately 94,250 square miles (244,100 km2)—nearly the same size as the United Kingdom, and larger than the U.S. states of New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Vermont, and New Hampshire combined. Periodic mass dieoffs result in vast numbers of the fish washing up on shore; estimates by various governments have placed the percentage of Lake Michigan's biomass, which was made up of alewives in the early 1960s, as high as 90%. [119] In the first half of the 20th century large luxurious passenger steamers sailed the lakes in opulence. "Evolution of the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement", Paul Muldoon and Lee Botts, Michigan State University Press, 2005, Burkhardt Steffen, Amoroso Gabi, Riebesell Ulf, Sültemeyer Dieter, (2001), CO. Brian N. Popp, Edward A. Lake Michigan is wholly within the US, and the others lie on the Canada–US border. [10] The lakes have been a major source for transportation, migration, trade, and fishing, serving as a habitat to many aquatic species in a region with much biodiversity. [38] Larger ships are confined to working within the lakes. In 2002, 162 million net tons of dry bulk cargo were moved on the Lakes. Fish and Wildlife Service estimates that the economic impact of the zebra mussel could be about $5 billion over the next decade. [72][73] According to the Inland Seas Education Association, on average a new species enters the Great Lakes every eight months. Français fr ... Great Lakes map of place names. The second, the Great Lakes Compact, has been approved by the state legislatures of all eight states that border the Great Lakes as well as the U.S. Congress, and was signed into law by President George W. Bush on October 3, 2008.[134]. Diatoms acquire inorganic carbon thought passive diffusion of CO2 and HCO−3, as well they use carbonic anhydrase mediated active transport to speed up this process. [109] Following a small uproar, the Senate voted to revoke the designation on March 24 (although New York and Vermont universities would continue to receive funds to monitor and study the lake). The Wisconsin Fisheries Commission noted a reduction of roughly 25% in general fish harvests by 1875. In the late 1960s, the various state and federal governments began stocking several species of salmonids, including the native lake trout as well as non-native chinook and coho salmon; by the 1980s, alewife populations had dropped drastically. The lakes drain a large watershed via many rivers and contain approximately 35,000 islands. Lakes Huron and Michigan are sometimes considered a single lake, called Lake Michigan–Huron, because they are one hydrological body of water connected by the Straits of Mackinac. 1 : 3700000 Gannett, Henry, 1846-1914; United States. Michigan has the longest shoreline of the United States, bordering roughly 3,288 miles (5,292 km) of shoreline, followed by Wisconsin (820 miles (1,320 km)), New York (473 miles (761 km)), and Ohio (312 miles (502 km)). The states have removed dams from rivers where necessary. Other protective legislation was passed, as well, but enforcement remained difficult. [14] The source of water levels in the lakes is tied to what was left by melting glaciers when the lakes took their present form. Tourism and recreation are major industries on the Great Lakes. The lakes are prone to sudden and severe storms, in particular in the autumn, from late October until early December. Of the total 10,500 miles (16,900 km) of shoreline, Canada borders approximately 5,200 miles (8,400 km), while the remaining 5,300 miles (8,500 km) are bordered by the United States. After railroads and surface roads developed, the freight and passenger businesses dwindled and, except for ferries and a few foreign cruise ships, have now vanished. Although the Saint Lawrence Seaway and Great Lakes Waterway make the Great Lakes accessible to ocean-going vessels,[37] shifts in shipping to wider ocean-going container ships—which do not fit through the locks on these routes—have limited container shipping on the lakes. This temperature buffering produces areas known as "Fruit Belts", where fruit can be produced that is typically grown much farther south. The Erie Canal connects to the Great Lakes at the east end of Lake Erie (at Buffalo, New York) and at the south side of Lake Ontario (at Oswego, New York). Not coincidentally, this status allows neighboring states to apply for additional federal research and education funds allocated to these national resources. [106] With these two canals an all-inland water route was provided between New York City and New Orleans. It is somewhat more detailed and protective, though its legal strength has not yet been tested in court. The largest and last major freighter wrecked on the lakes was the SS Edmund Fitzgerald, which sank on November 10, 1975, just over 17 miles (30 km) offshore from Whitefish Point on Lake Superior. [114], The catch from these waters would be sent to the growing market for salted fish in Detroit, where merchants involved in the fur trade had already gained some experience handling salted fish. In 1884, the New York Fish Commission determined that the dumping of sawmill waste (chips and sawdust) had impacted fish populations. In an incident at a Chicago dock in 1915, the SS Eastland rolled over while loading passengers, killing 841. Most Great Lakes trade is of bulk material, and bulk freighters of Seawaymax-size or less can move throughout the entire lakes and out to the Atlantic. [47], The Great Lakes contain 21% of the world's surface fresh water: 5,472 cubic miles (22,810 km3), or 6.0×1015 U.S. gallons, that is 6 quadrillion U.S gallons, (2.3×1016 liters). Both served as training ships to qualify naval aviators in carrier landing and takeoff. Learning the Great Lakes and their locations can be difficult. The greatest concentration of shipwrecks lies near Thunder Bay (Michigan), beneath Lake Huron, near the point where eastbound and westbound shipping lanes converge. A similar phenomenon allows wineries to flourish in the Finger Lakes region of New York, as well as in Prince Edward County, Ontario on Lake Ontario's northeast shore. The Great Lakes are used to supply drinking water to tens of millions of people in bordering areas. Local sewage treatment authorities then must release untreated effluent, a mix of rainwater and sewage, into local water bodies. The Great Lakes: An Environmental Atlas and Resource Book (1972) noted: "Only pockets remain of the once large commercial fishery. Implementation of secondary treatment of municipal sewage by major cities greatly reduced the routine discharge of untreated sewage during the 1970s and 1980s. they have been logged before, changing their composition). Another operation cropped up in Georgian Bay, Canadian waters plentiful with trout as well as whitefish. Algae such as diatoms, along with other phytoplankton, are photosynthetic primary producers supporting the food web of the Great Lakes,[97] and have been effected by global warming. Most people know this, but few also know the origin of their names. The Great Lakes, also called the Great Lakes of North America, are a series of large interconnected freshwater lakes in the upper mid-east region of North America that connect to the Atlantic Ocean via the Saint Lawrence River. [14] Meanwhile, exotic and invasive species have also been introduced. The area of each rectangle is proportionate to the volume of each lake. This is a laker with a conveyor belt system that can unload itself by swinging a crane over the side. The agreements strengthen protection against abusive water withdrawal practices within the Great Lakes basin. They are lakes Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, and Ontario and are in general on or near the Canada–United States border. From W to E the Great Lakes comprise Lakes SUPERIOR, Michigan (entirely in the US), HURON, ST CLAIR, ERIE and ONTARIO. The U.S. Hydrologically, there are four lakes, because lakes Michigan and Huron join at the Straits of Mackinac. [59] Since the glaciers covered some areas longer than others, this glacial rebound occurred at different rates. More vessels have been lost in the Whitefish Point area than any other part of Lake Superior. These storms mainly occur during the night, and the systems sometimes have small embedded tornadoes, but more often straight-line winds accompanied by intense lightning. International treaties regulate large diversions. 62, Iss. The large size of the Great Lakes increases the risk of water travel; storms and reefs are common threats. A notable modern phenomenon is the formation of ice volcanoes over the lakes during wintertime. [citation needed], Though contrary to federal laws in both countries, those treatment system upgrades have not yet eliminated Combined sewer Overflow events. An Indian name for Lake Superior was "Kitchi gami" (or "Kitchi-gummi"). Great Lakes Now wants to help your students explore the Great Lakes.. That’s why we’ve designed a collection of lesson plans that engage students with the science and study of the Great Lakes. [117] A few small cruise ships operate on the Great Lakes including a couple of sailing ships. Vessel Registry: CANADA; Official Number: 318774; Rig: Fire Tug; Date Built: 1963-00-00 New York and Wisconsin's jurisdictions extend into two lakes, and each of the remaining states into one of the lakes. Historically, the Great Lakes, in addition to their lake ecology, were surrounded by various forest ecoregions (except in a relatively small area of southeast Lake Michigan where savanna or prairie occasionally intruded). The Maritime History of the Great Lakes site is managed by Walter Lewis. Cyprus sank during a Lake Superior storm on October 11, 1907, during its second voyage while hauling iron ore from Superior, Wisconsin, to Buffalo, New York. Commercial tug-and-barge traffic on these waterways is heavy.[39]. Dunbar. "[95] The commission reported that all urban sewage treatment systems on the U.S. side of the lakes had implemented secondary treatment, as had all on the Canadian side except for five small systems. While the organisms living on the bottom of shallow waters are similar to those found in smaller lakes, the deep waters contain organisms found only in deep, cold lakes of the northern latitudes. Global Land One-kilometer Base Elevation (GLOBE) v. 1. In 1998, the Canadian company Nova Group won approval from the Province of Ontario to withdraw 158,000,000 U.S. gallons (600,000 m3) of Lake Superior water annually to ship by tanker to Asian countries. [12] There are also several thousand smaller lakes, often called "inland lakes", within the basin. Rather large severe thunderstorms covering wide areas are well known in the Great Lakes during mid-summer; these Mesoscale convective complexes or MCCs[63] can cause damage to wide swaths of forest and shatter glass in city buildings. As a prototype it is subject to occasional, unexplained interruptions in service ... because we keep trying new things. Four of the Great Lakes are on the border between Canada and the United States of America. A group of five large interconnected lakes in… One such merchant was John P. Clark, a shipbuilder and merchant who began selling fish in the area of Manitowoc, Wisconsin where whitefish was abundant. Logging, urbanization, and agriculture uses have changed that relationship. [86] Presque Isle Bay in Pennsylvania is formally listed as in recovery, as is Ontario's Spanish Harbour. Because the lake maritime community largely developed independently, it has some distinctive vocabulary. The Great Lakes. Although the region was sparsely populated until the 1830s, so there was not much local demand and transporting fish was still prohibitively costly, there were economic and infrastructure developments that were promising for the future of the fishing industry going into the 1830s. By the 1960s, the small silver fish had become a familiar nuisance to beach goers across Lakes Michigan, Huron, and Erie. In addition, the mussels may be a nuisance to industries by clogging pipes. [128] There are no plans to raise her as the site is being treated as a war grave. These lakes are located in the upper mid-east area of North America – basically on Canada’s and … Census Office More recently an electric fence has been set up across the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal in order to keep several species of invasive Asian carp out of the area. 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