The money the emigrants have sent back home has helped in alleviating poverty in their homes. With the opening up of the world economy resulting in free movement of youth, both within their countries & across the nations for. immigration movement is strictly control by the government because of the pressure it can bring on the distribution of income. Movement Of Labour : Can increase the efficiency of a country and the world at large economy, it is often restricted by the government serving as what is seen as the protection of their national interest. on the one hand, there are many positive aspects to cross-border migration. ChinaFotoPress/Getty Images News/Getty Images. Opinion 01.04.2017. 16. In the Philippines, a pervasive culture of migration has led millions to seek opportunities abroad, particularly since an economic downturn in the 1970s. Immigration can give substantial economic benefits – a more flexible labour market, greater skills base, increased demand and a greater diversity of innovation. However, it is difficult to estimate the scale of these remittances to sending countries because of the often informal manner in which they are returned, but there is little doubt that they contribute to the national income of the countries involved, and act as a stimulus to longer-term economic growth. Migration also has the potential for bringing peoples together culturally but friction occurs if efforts are not made to dispel negative myths held by local people. It is argued immigration can cause issues of overcrowding, congestion, and extra pressure on public services. Advantages of Migration Essay Conclusion. In many cases, cultures of resistance to change prevail, in which immigrants may be victims of racial discrimination Or xenophobic comments, by their country or region of origin. Countries are at different stages of demographic transition, with developing countries typically having younger populations than developed countries. The consequences and effects of migration can be studied on the basis of their advantages and disadvantages: Advantages: The host country or urban place gets cheap labor, and it helps overcome the shortage of labor in factories and manufacturing departments including service sectors for jobs like peons and secretary. The emigration has also created innumerous problems in the public sector. • Developing countries benefit from remittances (payments sent home by migrants). Written by: Brian Gabriel. Plus exam questions at the end. Supporters of inward labour migration have argued that migration provides numerous advantages: Fresh skills : Migrants can provide complementary skills to domestic workers, which can raise the productivity of both (a Brazilian child minder provides good quality child care at an affordable price which allows a highly paid female magazine editor to continue to work.) can use them for free to gain inspiration and new creative ideas for their writing assignments. Migration is an integral part of contemporary life and economic conditions in a rapidly globalizing world. Some migration is voluntary and sometimes people are forced to move. • Host countries are enriched by cultural diversity. World Economic and Social Survey. https://phdessay.com/benefits-and-challenges-of-labour-migration/. Migration flows bring benefits or losses to those who affect them, but in varying proportions. • Services to an ageing population can be maintained when there are insufficient young people locally. (2017, Apr 10). The availability of migrant labour appeared to have made the difference between some businesses surviving, or not needing to relocate production abroad (especially in the case of food processing). In addition to these economic benefits, incomers have helped the health and care services to continue functioning; contributed to cultural diversity; and increased the vitality of schools, particularly in rural areas. Advantages of migration in the European Union International migration into and within the EU is a key issue with far-reaching consequences for Member States and the EU as a whole. migration policies to the new economic and demographic challenges facing many countries. through their labour, migrant workers contribute to Labour’s view is that the advantages, including for our own people, outweigh the disadvantages. Forced labour, low pay, bad working conditions, virtually no social protection, and denial of freedom of association and trade union rights, discrimination, xenophobia and social exclusion - these are just some of the woes that rob migrants of the benefits they could have gained from working abroad. Labour migration creates additional demand. Benefits and challenges of labour migration. It is clear that immigration can be beneficial for migrants, but only if their rights are protected properly. Free movement has advantages and disadvantages. The term "migrants" appears to be broader than the term 'migrant workers' and is increasingly used in international discussions of human rights. Disadvantages include: being killed, livestock stolen or … The traditional explanation of migration as a movement from poor to rich nations is too simplified. Migration of labourer takes different forms. Migration has both positive and negative impacts on the destination country. The reality is that migration brings huge benefits, fuelling growth, innovation and entrepreneurship in both the countries people come from, and in those they move to. Students can use books such as (Roscoe and Roscoe) as well to answer the questions as there are independent studies in the worksheet. International Organisation for Migration. University of Manchester. • Returning migrants bring savings, skills and international contacts. • Job vacancies and skills gaps can be filled. • Failing schools (and those with falling numbers) can be transformed. It also benefits the individual worker who will have developed through contact with people possessing a range of human, intellectual and professional skills. An Oxford Economics study published by the Department of Employment and Learning (DEL) in 2009 concluded that migrant workers had helped maintain a sufficient labour supply to fuel the 2004–2008 economic boom. Structural changes and decreasing investment in the public sector has increased the pressure on public sector workers to migrate, as shown by trends in the health and education sectors. Migrants also provide a valuable source of semi-skilled and unskilled labour to many industrialising countries and provide a source of highly skilled labour to advanced countries, thereby assisting the latter in maintaining economic competitiveness. International labour migration has emerged as a major global issue that affects most nations in the world and ranks high on the international, regional and national policy agendas. A trade union or labor union is an organization of workers that have banded together to achieve common goals such. • Having workers willing to work for relatively low pay may allow employers to ignore productivity, training and innovation. A hundred years ago, only 20 percent of the world's population lived in urban areas, but the 20th century saw a dramatic shift that marks a turning point in history. • The pension gap can be filled by the contributions of new young workers and they also pay taxes. Migrant workers benefit host countries in a number of ways. (2002). Advantages And Disadvantages Of Labour Migration 739 Words | 3 Pages. Where the economic preconditions exist, migration is inevitable. Advantages Disadvantages; A richer and more diverse culture: Increasing cost of services such as health care and education: Helps to reduce any labour shortages: Overcrowding World Health Organisation. • Large movements of people lead to more security monitoring. Positive Impacts on host countries • Job vacancies and skills gaps can be filled. For many of migration workers, migration is a real lifeline, but all too often, they still face exploitation and abuse. The world we are living is very dynamic and exhibits various types of movements for both plants and animals including humans. Although many economic migrants work in relatively low-paid jobs they regularly send money home to their families and relatives. When people think of Indian migration, they think of all the male workers, and all the people working in the labour force. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. Migrant workers who return home bring experience and knowledge from working in another country. • Economic growth can be sustained. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Migrants defines a migrant worker as a “person who is to be engaged, is engaged or has been engaged in a remunerated activity in a state of which he or she is not a resident”. Of time populations than developed countries and receiving countries are at different stages of demographic transition, with developing benefit. 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