(22) George Hindle was also a Justice of the Peace and Mayor of Blackburn around this time. In 1929 we bought 100 automatic looms, 10 Northrop pirn changers and 90 Vickers Stafford shuttle changers. In addition, 12 laborers were condemned to death and hanged on October 5 1878. September 1963 Barlow & Jones' Chairman, "no further large expenditure. These folk stayed a few years at Tockholes and then came down into Blackburn, bringing the name with them. Levy Freres in Brussels before 1921. It had been leased all this time, but the catch is that in 1919 all the ordinary shares in Brookhouse were bought by E & G Hindle Ltd, who carried on spinning under that name until 1937 when the spinning side was sold to the Spindles Board, to be broken up. On October 4, British, French, and American warships arrived and offered to help stop the riot. Jan 16, 2016 - We take a look at former Observer photographer Garth Dawson's snaps. In July 1848, the slaves of Danish West Indies staged a protest and gained their freedom. - No doubt teaching him to be thrifty. It was certain that he could spread his risk and also be in a better cash position to pay death-duties, which is a very big problem with a small family business private company shareholder In practice one row in four was taken out and a loom or two taken off the end of each row, reducing the loomage by about 30%. This meant that a new beam was usually carried into the shed on the tackler's back and he got another tackler to help him lift it off into the loom. Among the leaders were several women – "Queen Mary" Thomas, "Queen Agnes" Salomon, and "Queen Mathilda" McBean – who became known as "Queens of the Fireburn". This meant weighing loose spares and using tables for shafts and girders. For preparation machinery at Royal, one of our local two-generations-old pals offered £110, which we sold out of town for £271, which made us think the scrap metal trade even lower than cotton. (29) a White Paper was issued giving the general outlines of calculated surplus and a scheme of compensation, but giving no details, such as rate of compensation, on which the trade could form an opinion. In the middle 1930's (36 - 37) we sold all our spinning to the Spindles Board and closed Bankfield weaving. (35) and a jacquard actually went on the scales, in bits where necessary. George Ephraim had a spell in the States, and Ian in Germany at A. Gutman & Son. At Swallow St the brigade came to carry a wrecker down from a crane over the engine, with a broken leg. Grace's brother Richard had gone out to Vasa, Finland, with some looms from Blackburn, which he helped to erect, and stayed on there as weaving manager, marrying a Swedish girl Olga Carlstrom. The cinder path to it had to be strengthened to carry wagons and we buried old wooded sleys in it, with ashes on top. We gave the goodwill, such as it was. (34). 3 of 1875, No. They are made on looms having a dobby attachment, with narrow strips of wood instead of jacquard cards. George Ephraim joined the RAF in 1943 and was discharged late 1945. The coarser varieties are often of irregular yarns and textures, bleached, unbleached, or piece-dyed and are generally finished by the application of sizing. The Colonel got away over the fields before the mob arrived. Siegmund emigrated to the States with his family. The eldest son Alfred went back after the war to one factory they managed to get returned. The Illustrated London News - KGX9F3 from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Other advantages difficult to assess in cash were that a difficult drive to the bottom shed was done away with, a few shafts could now be moved to better positions at little extra cost, and a few rows of looms moved to the ideal position formerly restricted by the old shafting, and later we could run this shed independently of the engine. After a delay the other party backed out. Of this £15,000 was in Preference shares, £23,750 in ordinary was issued for cash, mainly transferred from the Loan accounts, and £78,750 capitalised from the accumulated reserves of the company. India put a tariff on piece-goods and found the garments coming instead. As I could see little left to do, I refused this and asked to be released at the week-end. E & G. H. Ltd is hearsay and records up to 1928, after that at first hand. At any rate they burnt his house. The market goodwill was lost, largely by a concerted squeeze put on by the cocoa buyers. We had £200 offered for Swallow St engine and turned it down. Carl (Charles William) Haythornthwaite, son of C. W., started at the Mill shortly before the war (1939), but joined the Territorials and was called up practically as soon as war started. This strike finally ended some 69 days later, after it was put down by unofficial militias, the National Guard, and federal troops. In February 1940 we brought in Associated Industrial Consultants to Bastfield Mill, who did a work-study and put us on a system whereby the bulk of the shed was eight looms to a weaver instead of the previous four. The years 1930-40 were difficult. Feb 16, 2017 - Blackburn Museum and Art Gallery paints a picture of how the area has changed in a new exhibition of over 40 paintings dating from 1848 to 2008. (4) For those unfamiliar with pre-decimal coinage 6 shillings! In Toronto, Christian was appointed in 1936, and Schuller in Montreal 1938. Violence & the Lancashire weaver's strike in 1878 - Blackburn. After a fortnight we never looked back. Yet there is a "Clean Air" Act in force, and increasing pressure brought to bear on industrialists to buy new stoking equipment. (40) Royal was bought by Lion Brewery, which was directly opposite. The original share capital was £65,000 in £ 10 ordinary shares and £15,000 in £10 5% cumulative preference shares. (2), opposite Vicarage lane. Ephraim was chairman, George managing director, Frank secretary, and Herbert and Ephie ordinary directors. It never ran again. John Arthur Johnson (March 31, 1878 – June 10, 1946), nicknamed the "Galveston Giant", was an American boxer who, at the height of the Jim Crow era, became the first African American world heavyweight boxing champion (1908–1915). I scanned the typescript into Microsoft Word in 1998. It is a well-known fact that in a heat wave in Blackburn, the view across the town is clear. It was late in 1878 when, with his brother George, they first thought of running their own business. The mayor of Blackburn had had to read the Riot Act in the market place and a company of the military had been drafted to the town. At the next general election, she had her lowest majority ever, despite a national swing in the opposite direction. We have a conveyance dated 3 June 1858 from the Archbishop of Canterbury to Mr. Henry Ward of "two pieces of land, part of an estate called the Brookhouse Farm, with the dwelling houses and other buildings thereon". A fent-dealer was considered a term of derision for small time operators! They could start off with the benefit of our century of research. When we first started weaving rayon we bought it sized on weaver's beam, while the bulk of the cottons were in cop (27), and had to be wound, warped and sized. [4], One year after the events of Fireburn, in October 1879, new contracts were written which would supposedly increase wages for laborers. We had to make our own minds up about values, through market research. The cotton industry resumed work after 1865, but under changed conditions. Buildings were rather a glut on the market. We even bought sewing machines in the mid-twenties and made up handkerchiefs for the big stores. They were very heavy for the job and we had difficulties with them. W. L. Berry was manager at Brookhouse, he later went to manage a mill in Russia. There was never any suggestion that Indian looms should be scrapped as being too inefficient to run without tariff barriers and export subsidies; nor that the labour released be set to agriculture on a scale sufficient to feed themselves; nor that our charity payments be spent in this country on textiles carrying no tariff on entry into India. 200–1. The other two looked unhappy. The second partner (14) was Charles Walter Haythornthwaite. Later E. & G. Hindle Inc. was started 19 November 1927 in New York with Leonard Stein as a director and Carl Kaufman was in charge of the business at that end when he died in 1959. Condition:--not specified “ very nice overall condition ” Price: £799.00. Half a day's measuring and calculating gave me a figure of 140 tons, of which 62½ tons was in the 24 foot diameter flywheel, and we sold it for £800. Bankfield Mill (Old Firth's) was bought personally by George Hindle, though it was being included in the partnership accounts for September 1905. your own Pins on Pinterest Whether their sales were less than their costs is best answered by the fact that their national borrowings were still unpaid by 1959. We started cautiously by putting Royal weaving shed out for offers from several brokers we knew. I did not get much sleep that night. Right or wrong, the job was done. Our average looms running during this period would be under 1000, which means that taxes paid were approximately £1 a loom a week, which is what we were paying an eight-loom weaver towards the end of the period. At no time after the war, in the period of rationing and until the slump set in, could we have collected at one and the same time sufficient orders, supplies and labour to reopen it. Most of the gearing was sold, but only one engine and one boiler. (32) Ian used to say, that by using the compensation money from Royal and Swallow St to fund the concentration of all automatics in Bastfield, the firm could pay a steady 20% dividend on the existing level of trade at the time. If it had passed into unfriendly hands the complications could have become unbearable. Whether this by itself was economic was open to question. The Indian importer cut it off and had two shirt-lengths of duty free cloth for every shirt on which he had paid the lower garment-rate duty. Some prices were ridiculous, some better than expected, but it thoroughly justified our decision to sell the bulk piecemeal. We told the makers what type of cloth we were weaving and asked them to do their best. It was estimated that legal immigrants from China into Hong Kong were four to five million, and illegal immigrants must have vastly swelled this number. The directors thought fit to buy this in, mainly to avoid these conditions, and did so very economically at 10 years' purchase. This was an American idea using paper strip twisted into a yarn. The first part is from what I was told by Ephraim Hindle, and written down in the 1930’s, with additions from old records. A couple of merchants evidently thought they would make hay while they could and put in claims against making orders, which we settled reasonably. The last time a president invoked it for crowd control was in the 1992 LA riots. We have carried dyed stocks and exported direct. The whole facts will probably never be known by one man. It is doubtful when we first started weaving artificial silk, since called rayon and manmade fibres. Mr. Ward seemed to thrive on mortgages. we had agents in London, Glasgow, Liverpool, Manchester, Leeds, Dublin, Belfast, Auckland N. Z., and Melbourne, Australia. Broadly, the individual's capital investment was limited in amount, to say £75; increases were permitted as the investor's rank advanced. The 1878 St. Croix labor riot, locally also known as Fireburn, was a labor riot on Saint Croix, one of the Virgin Islands, then part of the Danish West Indies. To comply with the new Factory Regulations it needed re-spacing, which also meant re-flooring and re-lighting. We have woven cotton, paper, wool, silk, glass, elastic, jute, nearly all the rayons viscose, acetate, triacetate (Tricelle), cupramonium (Bemberg), nylon, terylene. To make a start Robert, Billy Eccles and I took a hammer up to deserted Royal Mill and stood round the first loom This was a year of the cotton riots. The price of raw cotton had greatly increased, and poor crops in America kept the price up for several years after. A woman lecturer from Hong Kong said in Blackburn that wages out there were about 10/- a week in English money. Professional advice was so inconsistent as to be valueless. Mr Dawson came in 1953, when Mr Packett retired through ill health and was made manager in Mr Shepherd's place. Ian had refused a request to stand as Conservative Candidate against her. Just in case there was an argument about compensation, since they had not been run since 1929, Ian and the senior tackler from Bastfield degreased one and got it running in less than 10 minutes. We had a strike for a week, then got the worst opponent (26), an average weaver, and a youngster to give it a trial for three weeks. In 1927 we signed a bond in connection with Artificial Silk duty draw-back (on goods exported), and we had cross-dyed spun rayon checks prior to 1929 which would be spun from filament waste. The difference in preparation costs was never more than guess work and usually ignored altogether. Later on many firms were running six looms to a weaver at the four-loom rates, which was against their association's agreements and not very clever. There is also the story about shirts imported at garment tariff with six-yard tails. Prices may have gone up by 1894, but even at half today's prices of 80d-90d for 60s beams, this would be a good turnover. He was in Norway and France, later transferring to the RAF for training as a pilot. The garment is usually white, often bordered in brightly coloured stripes. Whether this volume would continue or was panic buying was open to question. Our various series of quality numbers begin mostly farther back than our available records, but a reasonable estimate of the total is twelve to fifteen thousand. Swallow St Mill was re-lit by electricity 1944-5. Shafting went for re-rolling at £12 a ton and girders could be used again at £22. The first production of new staple fibre in this country was by Courtaulds in the early 1930s, under the trademark Fibro. It was decided to curtail further expenditure until trade got better, and we compromised by starting up a tackler's set of 88 looms with individual electric drives, which were ordered in August 1954. Bastfield Mill (40) was sold to Bancrofts, who owned the mill next door, long converted to bobbin-making. (38) Trade jargon for any leftover lengths of usable or saleable cotton in small quantities. The revolt started on October 1, 1878 and was suppressed after several days of looting and burning. Trade was dropping, and while the firm had generally spare cash, this had been earmarked as capital, and dividends could only be paid out of profits. (20) Despite already holding a civilian 'A' flying licence. Direct casualties of the riot include the deaths of 60 black laborers and two soldiers, and 14 women who died in an explosion. A hay cart backed up to the steps. But, as Sinclair indicates, Parner, with its large number of notorious money-lenders, was untypical. The same accounts show a dogcart at £17 and a bay horse called Charlie at £35, and various cows and geese at the farm. We took out the borders and carried on with brocades for the home trade, dressing gowns and fur-coat linings. Download this stock image: Cotton Riots. Many years later Robert Hindle (9) married Marjorie Southworth, daughter of Walter. Swallow St. Mill had been leased from Brookhouse, and technically continued so until 1937. With a weaving shed totted up and a basic figure of £8 a ton to work on, we did a lot better. The three women were sentenced to jail, and served their terms in Denmark. In Italy the Reiser family seem to have started about 1912 and various others are recorded in Norway, Sweden, Copenhagen, Amsterdam, Barcelona, Berlin, Mulhouse and Cologne. Discover (and save!) A younger son was head of the Blackburn Electricity Undertaking, later NorthWest Electricity Board. In the old days the most economical factory was the one with the biggest production a square yard and they were designed with as many looms as could be squeezed in, with the minimum space between, usually 9"-10" between beam flanges at the back of a loom, and 15" at the narrowest in front. Without digging into the books, I cannot say what we paid the Cotton Board, but their last account year before we closed showed receipts from members around £480,000 for the one-year. A number of pubs across Australia have been listed on the retail market as owners look to offload their business on the back of a difficult year because of Covid-19. It is used to deflect the warp to either side of the main sheet of fabric. The heald (sometimes called heddle) is considered to be the most important single advance in the evolution of looms in general. Hopwood's Mill has its windows broken. The flywheel was 24 feet diameter and weighed over 60 tons. There are still many old cottages about the district with windows spaced out to the width of a loom and easily recognisable as weaving "shops". Sep 20, 2014 - This Pin was discovered by Catherine Ingham. In 1975 I tried to find it to show it to my children after Ian and Marjorie had died. Eventually taken over by Mather & Platt who were absorbed by a multi-national in their turn. One loom, two dobbies The publican phoned the police complaining of an air raid. By mid-October, the riot had died down and peace was returning to the islands. However, Governor Garde was confident he and his men had the situation under control, and turned the ships away, though some soldiers borrowed guns from the British ships. A lot of the trade had been quite happy before they came into being. Again the floor needed repair. In view of the element of doubt or lack of faith in the future, the declared government policy of no protection, and the various compulsory increases in capital expenditure, the directors did not feel justified in using their powers to run counter to the shareholders' feelings. (18) I can remember one son as an American serviceman over here during the Second World War, since he gave me my first ever 'Lifesavers'! In June 1962 there was a mass protest rally at Blackburn from a dozen Lancashire cotton towns and an opposition motion debated in Parliament. There was a big demand and a general upset of trading conditions, as was to be expected. Yarn and cloth prices at this time had maintained and increased the earlier advances and many of our former customers were complaining to us of nine to fifteen months' delivery quotes and begging us to find them an alternative supply. Job to be the most modern shell that we pay Mr Robert Hindle £2 a week in English money by! 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Do their best & sad that this was possible for several years after additional shareholders Grace! Wartime regulations off with the Board of trade, on the scales, in bits where.... The higher rate factories would have been bad enough shares and £15,000 in £10 5 % cumulative shares. Week 's running put a tariff on piece-goods and found the garments coming....