// FIXME: (temporary) - send ad requests only if PlusPopup is not shown Transformational leaders succeed due to their ability to inspire others in order to ensure high productivity in the organization unlike transactional leadership that relies on the definition of roles and authority. 'cap': true { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, var pbAdUnits = getPrebidSlots(curResolution); ga('send', 'pageview'); Add politics to one of your lists below, or create a new one. 'cap': true Director of Imperial Banqueting, Director of Imperial Stud, Director & Assistant Directors of Imperial Household, Courts, Censorate, Foreign Relations & Circuit Attendants, Lieutenant Colonel of Artillery, Musketry & Scouts Captain, Police Major in Beijing, Instructors in Grand Secretariat & Hanlin Institute, Prefects, Captain, Assistant Major Domo in Princely Palaces, Deputy Supervisors of Instruction at Hanlin Institutes, Sub-Prefects, Police Captain, Lieutenant or First Lieutenant, Assistant Instructors and Librarians at Imperial and Hanlin Institutes, Assistant Directors of Boards and Courts, Circuit Censors, Secretaries & Tutors at Imperial & Hanlin Institutes, Secretaries and Registrars at Imperial Offices, Police Magistrate, Bodyguards, Lieutenants of Artillery, Musketry & Scouts, Second Lieutenants, Assistant Secretaries in Imperial Offices and Law Secretaries, Provincial Deputy Sub-Prefects, Buddhist & Taoist priests. ga('create', 'UA-31379-3',{cookieDomain:'dictionary.cambridge.org',siteSpeedSampleRate: 10}); enableSendAllBids: false "authorization": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/info?rid=READER_ID&url=CANONICAL_URL&ref=DOCUMENT_REFERRER&type=ENTRY_TRANSLATE&v1=english-chinese-simplified&v2=politics&v3=&v4=english-chinese-simplified&_=RANDOM", { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [300, 250] }}, Learn more in the Cambridge English-Chinese simplified Dictionary. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, of Courts, Boards, Ministers of Imperial Household, Governor General of Provinces, Banner Captain General, Commandants of Divisions, Brigade General, Chancellors of Imperial Household & Hanlin Institute, Superintendent of Finance, Provincial or Assistant Governors, Assistant Vice Presidents in the Censorate, Provincial Judge, Director of Courts & Activities, Brigadiers of Artillery & Musketry, Brigadier of Scouts, Banner Division Colonel. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_ei", "politics"); Define Mandarins. An article, contained within a set of Mandarin teaching supporting materials sent out by the Education Bureau, has stated that Cantonese is a dialect, and not a mother tongue. noun A mandarin orange; a small, sweet citrus fruit. {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, Look it up now! { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '705055' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, Virgin Group case study Question one: I believe it is not easier to be a transformational leader when resources are almost limitless and the leader does not have others to answer to. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, 'min': 0, Study notes. Don’t miss out on any of our updates in this ongoing special Research Series. The speech standard of the Ming and Qing empires was called "Mandarin language" by European missionaries, translating the Chinese name Guanhua ("the language of the officials") for this speech standard, which was current already in the Ming dynasty. iasLog("criterion : cdo_l = en"); Any of a group of related dialects of Chinese spoken principally in the north and west of China. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, If beaches and warmth beckon, think Miami or Canouan. } { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 250] }}, type: "cookie", },{ { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("sfr", "cdo_dict_english-chinese-simplified"); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, From the Reference Library. var mapping_rightslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); A member of any of the nine ranks of high public officials in the Chinese Empire. shui definition at Chinese.Yabla.com, a free online dictionary with English, Mandarin Chinese, Pinyin, Strokes & Audio. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_dc", "english-chinese-simplified"); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, googletag.pubads().addEventListener('slotRenderEnded', function(event) { if (!event.isEmpty && event.slot.renderCallback) { event.slot.renderCallback(event); } }); googletag.pubads().setTargeting('cdo_alc_pr', pl_p.split(",")); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, var pbHdSlots = [ }, pbjs.que.push(function() { Vietnam, after becoming free of Chinese rule and setting up its own independent monarchy, emulated the Chinese system of mandarins in its civil service. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, Define mandarin. googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); dfpSlots['rightslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/23202586/cdo_rightslot', [[300, 250]], 'ad_rightslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_rightslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').addService(googletag.pubads()); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '1666926', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '705055' }}, [11] The term "Mandarin" is also used to refer to modern Standard Chinese, which evolved out of the earlier standard, and to the broader group of Mandarin dialects spoken across northern and southwestern China.[12]. Mandate definition, a command or authorization to act in a particular way on a public issue given by the electorate to its representative: The president had a clear mandate to end the war. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [160, 600] }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '19042093' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, 'max': 3, China has had civil servants since at least the Zhou dynasty. {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [300, 250] }}, The last mandarins in history were in service of the State of Vietnam (1949–1955). n. 1. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, Any of a group of related dialects of Chinese spoken principally in the north and west of China. Views in the United States about Xi Jinping and Chinese politics fall to two extremes. iasLog("criterion : cdo_ei = politics"); iasLog("setting page_url: - https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english-chinese-simplified/politics"); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 50] }}, Politics is the way that people living in groups make decisions. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, name: "_pubcid", }, Before analysing the definitions of Political Theory as given by some political scientists let us understand the meaning of two words ‘Political‘ and ‘Theory’.. A. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, userSync: { dfpSlots['houseslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [300, 250], 'ad_houseslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, pid: '94' Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English, 0 && stateHdr.searchDesk ? The language politics of Hong Kong’s school system by Varsity 09:50, 9 April 2017 21:06, 31 March 2020. A mandarin (Chinese: 官; pinyin: guān) was a bureaucrat scholar in the history of China, Korea and Vietnam. Civil Service. Mandarin language, the most widely spoken form of Chinese. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, pbjs.setConfig(pbjsCfg); { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, {code: 'ad_rightslot2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot2', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_rightslot2' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Print. 3. name: "pbjs-unifiedid", Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. noun historical A high government bureaucrat of the Chinese Empire. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_pt = entry"); The Portuguese word was used in one of the earliest Portuguese reports about China: letters from the imprisoned survivors of the Tomé Pires' embassy, which were most likely written in 1524,[1] and in Castanheda's História do descobrimento e conquista da Índia pelos portugueses (c. "loggedIn": false var pbjs = pbjs || {}; {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]] } }, Information and translations of Mandarin in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '1666926', position: 'btf' }}, {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, The purpose of gerrymandering is to grant one party power over another by creating districts that hold dense concentrations of voters who are favorable to their policies. 'cap': true China’s foreign ministry is lashing out at Canada after a House of Commons subcommittee concluded that the state's mistreatment of Uighurs living in Xinjiang province is tantamount to genocide. beamer synonyms, beamer pronunciation, beamer translation, English dictionary definition of beamer. Mandarin with a capital "M" refers to the language spoken in China. Mandarin is defined as a member of an elite group in the Chinese empire, or a widely spoken language, or a small orange fruit. Junk definition, any old or discarded material, as metal, paper, or rags. }); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, iasLog("exclusion label : resp"); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [120, 600] }}, googletag.cmd.push(function() { By Angela Ng, Yi Yeung and Gloria Lee. ga('require', 'displayfeatures'); Assistant Police Magistrates, Studies Registrars, Directors of Studies in Beijing, Secretaries in Offices of Assistant Governors, Salt Controllers & Transport Stations, Assistant District Magistrates, Prefectural Secretaries, District Director of Studies, Sub-director of Studies, Archivists in Office of Salt Controller, Jail Wardens, District Registrars, Prefectural Archivists, Prefectural Tax Collector, Deputy Jail Warden, Deputy Police Commissioner, Tax Examiner, Third Class Sergeant, Corporal, First & Second Class Privates, This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 15:48. Click on the arrows to change the translation direction. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, The English term comes from the Portuguese mandarim (spelled in Old Portuguese as mandarin, pronounced [ˌmɐ̃n.ðaˈɾĩn]). googletag.enableServices(); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, if(refreshConfig.enabled == true) partner: "uarus31" { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '19042093' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, said when someone has just told you a surprising fact that you did not know before, I’ve brought you a little something: The language of gifts, Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. Standard Chinese or Modern Standard Mandarin, the official language of China Look it up now! { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, The movement has posed a threat to the status of Mandarin as the national language and the symbol of Chinese identity and political dominance of the ruling Nationalist Party. ga('set', 'dimension2', "entry"); var mapping_houseslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], []).addSize([0, 0], [300, 250]).build(); var pbMobileLrSlots = [ { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, }); name: "unifiedId", iasLog("criterion : cdo_tc = resp"); Gerrymandering, in U.S. politics, the practice of drawing the boundaries of electoral districts in a way that gives one political party an unfair advantage over its rivals (political or partisan gerrymandering) or that dilutes the voting power of members of ethnic or linguistic minority groups (racial gerrymandering). { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, [9] This is also the main term used to refer to the scholar-officials in Juan González de Mendoza's History of the great and mighty kingdom of China and the situation thereof (1585), which heavily drew (directly or indirectly) on Pereira's report and Gaspar da Cruz' book, and which was the Europeans' standard reference on China in the late 16th century.[10]. mandar=to govern, or from Malay mantri=counselor of state], a high official of imperial China.For each of the nine grades there was a different colored button worn on the dress cap. "authorizationTimeout": 10000 filter: 'include' { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, Gerrymandering has become common in American politics and is often blamed for the gridlock in Congress, polarization of the electorate and disenfranchisement among voters. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}]}]; bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, 'pa pdd chac-sb tc-bd bw hbr-20 hbss lpt-25' : 'hdn'">, politika, siyaset, politika mesleği/uğraşı…, политика, политическая деятельность, интриги…. expires: 60 [2] Matteo Ricci, who entered mainland China from Portuguese Macau in 1583, also said the Portuguese used the word. Don’t miss out on any of our updates in this ongoing special Research Series. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 50] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 250] }}, For them, bilingual education and the establishment of a Tai-yu pronunciation and writing system are crucial to the rebirth of the language. "login": { googletag.pubads().set("page_url", "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english-chinese-simplified/politics"); 'min': 8.50, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, politics translate: 政治;政治活动, 政治职业,政治事业, 政治,政治学, (团体或组织内的)争权活动,权术,勾心斗角. } Experience the buzz of New York or the New England charm of Boston and Washington D.C., epicentres of history and politics, respectively. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, In the table below, "na" is shorthand for the "nth rank, primary" (正n品), which is a higher sub-rank than "nth rank, secondary" (從n品), denoted as "nb" in the table. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}]}]; { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, 2. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; Share: Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Linkedin Share on Google Share by email. May 2014; Public Policy and Administration 30(1) DOI: 10.1177/0952076714531810. expires: 365 iasLog("exclusion label : lcp"); name: "criteo" { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot2_flex' }}, 'increment': 0.01, The English word "mandarin" (from Portuguese mandarim, from Malay [ˈməntəri] menteri, from Hindi mantri, from Sanskrit mantrin, meaning "minister or counsellor"), originally meant an official of the Chinese empire. Mandarin Chinese is spoken in all of China north of the Yangtze River and in much of the rest of the country and is the native language of two-thirds of the population. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 250] }}, (măn′də-rĭn) n. 1. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, noun A pedantic or elitist bureaucrat. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, The mandarins were replaced with a modern civil service after the fall of the Qing dynasty. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Election definition is - an act or process of electing. {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, The term is generally applied to the officials appointed through the imperial examination system; it sometimes includes and sometimes excludes the eunuchs also involved in the governance of the two realms. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, However, most high ranking positions were filled by relatives of the sovereign and the nobility. name: "pubCommonId", bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, 'max': 8, In a traditional sense, it means relating to polis i.e. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, var dfpSlots = {}; How to use election in a sentence. Mandarin Chinese, branch of Chinese spoken in northern and southwestern China . var pbTabletSlots = [ dfpSlots['btmslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/23202586/cdo_btmslot', [[300, 250], 'fluid'], 'ad_btmslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_btmslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); filterSettings: { Mandarin (bureaucrat), a bureaucrat of Imperial China (the original meaning of the word), and by analogy, any senior government bureaucrat Bureaucrat, government bureaucrats of other regions; Language. dfpSlots['houseslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [], 'ad_houseslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); Define Madarin. 政治 definition at Chinese.Yabla.com, a free online dictionary with English, Mandarin Chinese, Pinyin, Strokes & Audio. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, ‘The mandarin is more likely to exercise bureaucratic discretion wisely, with an eye to morality and larger political consequences, than a technocrat afflicted with tunnel vision.’ ‘Clarke, whose father was a Whitehall mandarin, is known to believe that ministers, not civil servants, should be the mouthpiece for government policy.’ var mapping_houseslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], [300, 250]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); Politics definition is - the art or science of government. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '541042770', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Any of a group of related dialects of Chinese spoken principally in the north and west of China. The term earmark spending refers to a part of a spending bill that allocates money for a specific thing such as a location, project or institution. [M-] the most widely spoken language of China, comprising a northern, an eastern, and a southwestern variety. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, var pbMobileHrSlots = [ },{ Parties tend to be deeply and durably entrenched in specific substructures of society in a sustainable and well functioning democracy. {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, iasLog("criterion : cdo_dc = english-chinese-simplified"); Political. Mandarins synonyms, Mandarins pronunciation, Mandarins translation, English dictionary definition of Mandarins. },{ { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, Up to today, it is still important for politicians in Singapore to be able to speak their mother tongue (and even other dialects) fluently in order to reach out to the multilingual community in Singapore. params: { { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, At Mandarin Oriental, the comfort, health, safety and security of our guests and colleagues is always our primary concern. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [160, 600] }}, noun An orange colour. Look it up now! The Mandarin is the leading venue for public service leaders in Australia with news, policy analysis, case studies and professional learning. }; { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, }); An example of a mandarin is a member of a ruling class. dfpSlots['topslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/23202586/cdo_topslot', [[728, 90]], 'ad_topslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); pbjs.que = pbjs.que || []; { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, A governmental office (for example, a central government department or a provincial civil governorate) headed by a mandarin is called a yamen. speech standard of the Ming and Qing empires, Government of the People's Republic of China, Grand coordinator and provincial governor, Deliberative Council of Princes and Ministers, Challenge Cup Competition of Science Achievement in China, China-U.S. Physics Examination and Application, National Higher Education Entrance Examination, Self-Taught Higher Education Examinations, List of foreign language schools in China, Schools of Journalism and Communication in China, National Southwestern Associated University, Association of East Asian Research Universities, International Alliance of Research Universities, Language Proficiency Assessment for Teachers (LPAT), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mandarin_(bureaucrat)&oldid=998051339, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing Vietnamese-language text, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Field Marshal, Chamberlain of Imperial Bodyguard, Deputy attendants to emperor, attendants to heir apparent, Presidents of Courts, Boards & Censorates, Banner Unit Lieutenant General, Manchu General-in-Chief, Provincial Commander in Chief of Chinese Army, Deputy attendants of heir apparent, Vice Pres. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '19042093' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, Definition of mandarin (Entry 2 of 2) 1 : of, relating to, or typical of a mandarin mandarin graces 2 : marked by polished ornate complexity of language mandarin prose Mandarin Chinese was the language spoken by the official class and was based on the Beijing dialect. storage: { bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, gutter politics definition in English dictionary, gutter politics meaning, synonyms, see also 'the gutter',gutter press',gutted',guttering'. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, When design meets power: Design thinking, public sector innovation and the politics of policymaking – Jenny Lewis, Michale McGann and Emma Blomkamp (2019), Policy & Politics, early view. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, The mandarins were the founders and core of the Chinese gentry. 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