3. (d) Hallur. Some cereals eaten by us are listed below : 8. The early humans made pottery for the following reasons: (A) Marble houses (B) Glass houses (C) Pit houses (D) Hay houses 15. What several things were observed by men, women and children of Neolithic Age? c. Mizoram d. Burzahom. Several burial sites have also been found in Mehrgarh. Since both stone and ______________ were used, this period is called the Chalcolithic Age. Upper levels found by archaeologists reveal older objects. The making of pottery became easier. Stone tools were used to dig circular pits in the ground, which were then plastered on the sides using mud. True/False View Answer. A. Besides providing shelter from the most extreme of weather conditions, these structures may also be used to store food and for cultural activities like the telling of stories, dancing, singing and celebrations. This brought about a change in the way of life of the early humans. Singing and ___________ must have been popular modes of entertainment. (v) A site in present-day Andhra Pradesh is ………………… (c) skilled-gatherers → herders → hunter → gatherers These include tools that were polished to give a fine cutting edge and mortars and pestles used for grinding grain and other plant produce. (d) Jadeite, found in Daojali Hading, may have been brought from China. This proves that agriculture was practised. We get the grains indirectly from the farmers. (i) Koldihwa in present-day Uttar Pradesh, and (ii) Mahagara in present-day Uttar Pradesh. b. Mismagiri They also learned how to get the attention of animals by taming them and providing them food. True pithouses used the wall of the pit as the wall of the house, setting the posts outside the pit, along the outside perimeter. Levels found in Mehrgarh indicate hunting came after herding. Burzahom in Srinagar, Kashmir is a site where many pit-houses have been found. 2. Q.16 Which historical events took place about 8,000 years ago? (c) Mehrgarh Many pots had also been dug up. (c) the dog’s wild ancestor One pit house had an altar at one end, where a bighorn sheep’s lower jaw was found buried shows a large populations lived along along this stream and visited the high country to hunt and possibly worship. a. wheat and rice Name some important sites where archaeologists have found evidence of farmers and herders. Burzahom in Srinagar, Kashmir is a site where many pit-houses have been found. Explanation: Mehrgarh in Pakistan was where the humans first grew crops and tamed animals. They have been found in Burzahom. 4. 1. Wheat and barley were the first crops to be cultivated. (d) Dogs. Grasslands had allowed many animals which lived on the grass to grow in number. On the outline map of India, mark these sites : Burzahom, Mehrgarh, Koldihwa, Chirand, Mahagara, Daojali Hading, Hallur. 10. Three conditions were al… This discouraged the reuse of the possessions by other people. In the New Stone Age, which extended from 8,000 BC to 4,000 BC, the humans started producing food. d. Mehrgarh. lived in groups called tribes. 5. ____________________ is the earliest known farming and pastoral settlement in the Indian subcontinent. Question 4 State whether true or false : (a) Millets have been found at Hallur. d) In earlier times, coins were made of … Answer: Neinuo would have visited these places if she wanted to eat rice: Answer: Filed Under: CBSE, class6, Social Tagged With: CBSE Class 6 NCERT Solutions, CBSE Class 6 Social Science History Solutions, CBSE Solutions, Free Class 6 Social Science History Solutions, Free NCERT Solutions, Gathering to Growing Food, NCERT Books Solution, NCERT CBSE Class 6 Social Science History Solutions, NCERT CBSE Solutions, NCERT Class 6 Social Science History Solutions, NCERT Solutions, NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Social Science History Solutions, NCERT Solutions for Class 6th Social Science History Chapter 3 From Gathering to Growing Food, NCERT Solutios For Class 6 Social Science History Chapter, RD Sharma Class 11 Solutions Free PDF Download, NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Computer Science (Python), NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Computer Science (C++), NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Business Studies, NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Micro Economics, NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Macro Economics, NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Entrepreneurship, NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Political Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Computer Science (Python), NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Business Studies, NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Entrepreneurship, NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Political Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Indian Economic Development, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science, NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Hindi Sanchayan, NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Hindi Sparsh, NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Hindi Kshitiz, NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Hindi Kritika, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Foundation of Information Technology, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Foundation of IT, PS Verma and VK Agarwal Biology Class 9 Solutions, NCERT Solutions for Class 6th Social Science History Chapter 3 From Gathering to Growing Food, Chapter 2 On The Trial of the Earliest People, Chapter 6 Kingdoms, Kings and an Early Republic, Chapter 8 Ashoka, The Emperor Who Gave Up War, Chapter 12 Buildings, Paintings, and Books, CBSE Class 6 Social Science History Solutions, Free Class 6 Social Science History Solutions, NCERT CBSE Class 6 Social Science History Solutions, NCERT Class 6 Social Science History Solutions, NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Social Science History Solutions, NCERT Solutios For Class 6 Social Science History Chapter, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 1, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 2, Periodic Classification of Elements Class 10, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 7, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 8, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 9, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 10, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 11, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 12, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 13, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 14, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 15, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 16, CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 12, CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 10. a. Burzahom What did people do to store grains? We live in a big city. True or False: The population of the subarctic in the 1700s was probably 500,000. Dancing and singing served as ways of recreation. 3. Therefore, they no longer moved from one place to another in search of food, water and shelter. ... Remains circle and triangle houses were found in the site of Mehrgarh. Answer: Scientists study evidence of plants and animal bones, in order to find out whether the discovered sites were settlements of farmers and herders. 9. Answer: Stone tools have been found from many sites. Ans : True. Answer: Farmers do this because different plants grow in different conditions. Pit houses might have provided shelter in cold weather. How do scientists help in finding out whether the discovered sites were settlements of farmers and herders? When resources at one place were exhausted, they moved to another place. Answer: The climate of the world had major changes around 12,000 years ago. They started to grow crops at one place. - False ( ) (d) Jadeite, found in Daojali Hading, may have been brought from China - True ( ) Q16: List where Neolithic sites were found in India A pit house (also spelled pithouse and alternatively called pit dwelling or pit structure) is a class of residential house type used by non-industrial cultures all over our planet. 1. In fact, it is one of the earliest known villages. Charred grains and sickles have been found, which prove that humans had started cultivating crops by this time. Answer: Kashmir being a cold region. Only stone tools were made during the Chalcolithic period. It was one of the first places where people grew barley and wheat and reared sheep, and goat. in UP, Kashmir, Bihar and Andhra Pradesh. There were fifty pit houses and the bulldozers had entire pots rolling down the hillside, along with burials from between 700AD to 1380AD. C. Bones of sheep and goat (b) Mahagara It was their belief that the dead would have a smooth after-life with their personal possessions present in the grave. 2.The burial goods were also given as a sacrifice to the ancestors. To store grains Give reasons to justify your answer. Humans became food-producers during the New Stone Age. I. Different types of houses were built by farmers and herders. (A) Mehrgarh (B) Daojali (C) Burzahom (D) Chirand 7. (b) People in Burzahom lived in rectangular houses. 1. A five-bedroom house in Rexburg, Idaho, looks like a steal for just more than $100,000, but only if you don't mind the nest of slithering garter snakes it sits upon. They are often different from the Palaeolithic tools and are called ‘Neolithic’. Answer: Pit-houses were built by people by digging into the ground, with steps leading into them. They have been found in Burzahom. 10. 8. Plants and animals also developed in the meantime. Jadeite is a…………, probably brought from China. Agriculture led onto the invention and practice of domestication and pottery. View Answer. Glass c. In the ground in pit d. hay 9. View NCERT Solutions for all chapters of Class 6, FREE Downloadable NCERT Solutions.Works without internet, ps and tamed animals. Remains of square or rectangular houses have been found in ……….. ……… and ………. Yes, we live in a village and we grow some of the cereals. The houses had a roof over the pits for shelter. Answer: Grains had to be stored for food and seed. Mogollon culture, prehistoric North American Indian peoples who, from approximately ad 200–1450, lived in the mostly mountainous region of what are now southeastern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico. 1. 4. Fill in the blanks with appropriate words to complete each sentence: State whether these sentences are true (T) or false (F). View Answer. The correct answer is option (d). These were then baked in fire. (a) boxes They settled near the fields. Explanation: Burzahom was the first Neolithic site discovered in Kashmir. Why do farmers grow some crops in some areas/ and not in other areas? Tractors The dead were buried with burial goods such as tools, ornaments, pottery, etc. a. Imp.] The earliest evidence of settlement here dates back to as early as 7,000 BC. Q10. Solution (a) True (b) False (c) False (d) True. They were initially made by making a hole into a ball of clay or by making a long snake with the clay and coiling it up to make pottery. Pottery was required to store grains and liquids. Explanation: The Chalcolithic period is also known as Copper-Stone Age. They used tools of different forms from the earlier Palaeolithic stage people. The earliest evidences of their food production was fou. State true or false… How did people become herders? Name two Neolithic tools which are used to grind grain even today. a. Mehrgarh The most elder or the strongest member of the group was selected as the leader. 7? They also started rearing sheep, goats, cattle, etc. Their name derives from the Mogollon Mountains in New Mexico. The pits had steps that led to the bottom. Bones of wild animals The arrangement made by the people for the dead was: a. Ancient wood that has hardened into stone is called……………………….. Bolan Pass is an important route into ………………. Mehrgarh in Pakistan was the earliest site where evidences of farmers and their settlements were found. (d) skilled-gatherers → hunter → gatherers → herders. Protecting them c. Killing them d. eating them 10. These are polished stone tools, ceramics, kitchen items such as mortar, pestles and corn grinders. Imp.] Why do people who grow crops have to stay in the same place for a long time? Paiyampalli is a Neolithic site in Madhya Pradesh. Answer: 7. c. Agartala Explanation: Charred grains and sickles had been found on sites. b. Jirania Early man became a herder of animals initially by: a. Q19: According to archaeologists, people built pit houses which were dug into the ground with steps leading to them. Daojali Hading is a Neolithic site in Assam. They have been found in Burzahom. Answer: People made large clay pots or wove baskets, or dug pits into the ground. The statement 'The quality of pottery improved after the wheel was invented ', is true. c. Mehrgarh Oval pits were dug into the house floor and were plastered with lime and bodies were placed with red-ochre on the bones. b. eating producing their food by cultivation of crops and also domesticated animals. But agriculture changed their lives. The popular modes of entertainment were singing, dancing and painting. True or False: The Second Empire style originated in France during the 1950s and became popular in America during the 1970s. Q.15 Which historical events took place about 12,000 years ago? The invention of wheel was an important step towards progress for early humans in the following ways: (b) herders → skilled → gatherers → hunter→ gatherers ii) They found bones of domesticated animals like dogs, cattle, sheep, ox, etc. The use of potter's wheel enabled early humans to make pots of various sizes and shapes. Sheep and goat are more comfortable in dry, hilly environments than cattle are. Animals were a source of _____ and meat. Archaeologists discovered houses built by the people in Burzahom were generally made of: a. Marble b. To store liquids and cooked food Cooking chimney corners were also found both inside and outside the huts. The first animal to be tamed by the early people was (A) sheep (B) goat (C) wild ancestor of dog (D) pig 16. These were required to sustain their agricultural way of life. This period existed from 8,000 BC to 4,000 BC. State whether true or false? Answer: 2. Though it was a short period, it was also important because there was a shift from stones to metals. But several burial sites were found, many of which contained ornaments, limestone, stone axes, turquoise and sandstone along with animals and women figures. What were pit-houses and where have they been found? The existence of early farmers are known to us by the discovery and excavation of sites. Ans : Hearths. People grow crops to meet their daily food and some other needs. (d) Hallur. NCERT Solutions for Class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12. The early humans initially used to hunt wild animals and gather fruits and nuts from the trees. (c) clay pots Answer: The first animal to be tamed was the wild ancestor of the dog. Cultivating crops and harvesting them after a certain time required them to stay at one place. Archaeologists have also found cooking hearths both inside and outside the huts, which suggests that, depending on the weather, people could cook food either indoors or outdoors. Write short notes on – Daily life of early humans, Mehrgarh Period I. (a) A B C 3. A cross-cultural middle range model of pit-house architecture using the Ethnographic Atlas found that 82 of the 862 societies in the sample occupy pit structures as either their primary or secondary dwellings. Q21: Name the first animal to be tamed by the early people. The correct answer is option (b). Describe the site of Mehrgarh. How did the changing climate affect the life of humans? List the cereals that you eat. The correct answer is option (c). Answer: Mortars and pestles are Neolithic tools used even today for grinding grain. People who grow crops have to stay in the same place for a long time to look after plants-protecting them from birds, animals and their other fellows so that they could grow and crops or seeds could-ripen safely. ... State whether the sentence is true (T) or false (F). The first cereals to be grown were wheat and barley. Answer: (a) True, (b) False, (c) False, (d) True. [V. They became farmers due to these changes. c. bronze Most houses were square or rectangular. They started leading a settled life instead of a nomadic life, like that of hunter-gatherers. 2. Tools and pottery have also been found at various sites. (iii) Which was not a way of storing grains in the early days? Some tools were also made of bone. Around 12,000 years ago, the world had started becoming warmer. They were built underground with stairs. (a) Millets have been found at Hallur. d. Mismagiri. 1. They lived like nomads. Q.13 Which were the earliest animals to be domesticated? The pits found were wide at the base and narrow at the top. Other types of houses existed; these were more frequently campsites in caves or in the open air with little in the way of formal structure. The evidences dates as early as 7,000 BC. B. Why do archaeologists think that many people who lived in Mehrgarh were hunters to start with and that herding became more important later? Grasslands developed in many areas. The statement 'The discovery of charred grains and sickles at a site indicates that people living there practised agriculture ', is true. Mention the two purposes for which grains had to be stored. These evidences prove that early humans used to cultivate crops as a source of food and store them in pots. What enabled early humans to make pots of different shapes and sizes in much lesser time? The cultivation of crops was a shift as they no longer had to live a nomadic life. The first animal to be tamed was the ancestor of the dog. All Ratna Sagar History Solutions Solutions for class Class 6 Social science are prepared by experts and are 100% accurate. State true or false: a) History motivates us to make the present world a better place to live in. The first cereals to be grown were The potters' wheel enabled them to make the pots of different shapes and sizes in much lesser time. Neolithic Age extended from 8,000 BC to 4,000 BC. (b) Mahagara (b) woven baskets Early humans learned to make clay pots, which were shaped by hand. Q12: Archaeologists have found pit-houses in Burzahom (in present-day Kashmir), which were dug into the ground, with steps leading into them. Whether in homes or greenhouses, partially buried buildings (pit-houses, dugout shelters) benefit from thermal stability and the heating and cooling of the earth, thus facilitating the lives of people and plants in areas with high temperature variation, nexpected weather events. Answer: Houses at Mehrgarh were usually square or rectangular. Q.17 In what ways grain was used by the early people? Dogs, pigs, goat, sheep, cattle, horses and donkeys. 2.Which was the first animal to be tamed? In which period did pottery make its appearance in Mehrgarh? This is because of the following reasons: Answer: Pit-houses were built by people by digging into the ground, with steps leading into them. A pit house is a large house in the ground used for shelter. Funeral pyre b. It has been assumed that this was the site where early humans first cultivated crops and domesticated animals. The lives of farmers and herders had been different in the following ways: 6. What order do these levels indicate of what happened first and what happened later? (b) A C B These pots were used for storing grains, liquid and for cooking food and grains. [V. Why did early humans make pottery? Pit-houses were made to enable the early humans to withstand the cold. Give one feature houses in Mehrgarh. The evidences of stone tools, finished or unfinished, were found in sites of Tripura. The correct answer is option (b). Mehrgarh: Mehrgarh in Pakistan is the earliest known site of farming and pastoral settlement of early humans in the Indian Subcontinent. And thus, they became farmers. These may have provided shelter in cold weather. Wheat and barley were the crops that were cultivated in this period. On upper levels, they found cattle bones. Cattle bones (a) Cows Pottery made its appearance in Mehrgarh (now in Pakistan) in Neolithic Period. They built settlements near the crop lands, cultivated fields, made weapons and stone tools and pottery. Transportation from one place to another became faster and easier. 5. Ratna Sagar History Solutions Solutions for Class 6 Social science Chapter 3 Early Humans Ii are provided here with simple step-by-step explanations. The earliest remains of pit burial is ascribed to the Period II. The early humans learnt to make pottery out of clay. The oldest examples are shelters within caves, followed by houses of wood, straw, and rock. (c) Chirand is a site in Kashmir. (a) Hallur How do we get to know about the existence of early farmers? Explanation: The early humans moved on from being hunters and gatherers to producing their own food. 4. The clay could be moulded in various shapes and sizes with help of the wheel. In general, archaeologists and anthropologists define pit structures as any non-contiguous building with floors lower than the ground surface (called semi-subterranean). Neolithic Age extended from 8,000 BC to 4,000 BC. Explanation: The tools made of copper were much stronger than those of stone.This period extended from 4,000 BC to 2,000 BC. Name some of the animals domesticated by early humans. (A) Daojali (B) Burzahom (C) Chirand (D) Mehrgarh 6.where do we find tools made of fossil wood? We do not grow grain. True/False. View Answer! (a) Koldihwa Tools were made of stone as well as copper. 8. Play this game to review Social Studies. b. Shears How did people become farmers? The correct answer is option (c). The evidences were charred grains and bones of animals. ... Q25: Name the site that provides the evidence of tools made from ' fossil wood'. How did agriculture change the life of early humans? Thus the pit-houses protected people from cold weather. They have been found in Burzahom. The domestication of plants and animals became part and parcel of the people of the Neolithic stage. IV. Explanation: Early humans were hunter-gatherers. Explanation: Sickles that were found at many Neolithic sites had been used by the early humans for harvesting crops. 1. 11. They have been found in Burzahom. Answer: When the climate of the world was changing, people observed places where edible plants are found, about seeds, plants, etc. Answer: (i)—(c), (ii)—(d), (iii)—(a), (iv )—(c), (v)—(a), (vi)—(a), (vii)—(b), (viii)—(c). Each member had separate tasks to perform. ... People in Burzahom lived in rectangular houses. c. barley and maize Choose the correct option to complete the statements given below: (i) The first animal to be tamed was ……………….. c. dancing How was the invention of wheel an important step towards progress for early humans? 10. 1. They also started domesticating animals for various purposes. (b) Buffaloes (d) the goat’s wild ancestor. True/False View Answer Q5: ... Q19: According to archaeologists, people built pit houses which were dug into the ground with steps leading to them. Moving heavy objects and taking them from one place to another became convenient. b. copper _____________________ is an important Neolithic site in Assam. For instance, in Burzahom (in present-day Kashmir) people built pit-houses, which were dug into the ground, with steps leading into them. Animals were used for grazing and also as draft animals. What were pit-houses and where have they been found? a. aluminium Answer: Farmers and herders usually lived in groups and these groups are called tribes. The earliest evidences of their food production was found as early as 7,000 BC. Match the items in column A correctly with those given in column B. Q2. (c) Mahagara They moved from one place from another in search of food, water and shelter. (ii) Which of these Is the correct order of what early man did? The early humans were hunter-gatherers. This means that hunting wild animals was important much before herding was. Ancient wood that has hardened into stone is called _____. (c) Mehrgarh The discovery of charred grains and sickles at a site indicates that people living there practised agriculture. True or False: Chipewyan is a term of Cree meaning "pointed skins.” True or False: The weather was too cold for berries to grow, therefore Subarctic groups never ate them. (d) pits in the ground. The statement 'Humans became food-producers during the New Stone Age', is true. 6. There were tools that were polished so as to give a fine cutting edge, and mortars and pestles were used for grinding grain and other plant produce. Pit-houses were built by Neolithic man in Burzahom which is in modern day Kashmir. Imp.] This was because copper is stronger than stone and lasts for a longer time. The surplus crops were exchanged with other groups through barter system. The correct answer is option (d). The potter's wheel helped them to make pots of various sizes and shapes. In more recent times, pit houses were found in the Northern part of Europe and were common between the 5th and 12th centuries. The correct answer is option (a). Skeletons were also found in crouched positions often without any grave furniture while in some instances accompanied with animal skeletal remains. They found evidences of various grains at different sites in Bihar, UP, Burzahom and Andhra Pradesh. Why do you think the dead were buried with burial goods? Pottery was not found. a. Daojali Hading Some of the pit houses had clay or stone ovens, which were used for cooking food. Taming animals and making pottery followed after the beginning of agriculture. 2. Answer: The early humans were hunter-gatherers. Early humans becoming food-producers was a greater revolution than taming animals or making pottery. What do you understands by the term ‘Tribes’. Explanation: Dancing and singing were community activities and also popular modes of entertainment. (a) hunter → gatherers skilled → gatherers → herders Objects and taking them from one place to another became convenient pit houses were made in burzahom true or false found in the,! Steps that led to the period ii Burzahom ( d ) pits in the Neolithic Age extended from 4,000 to. Goods were also given as a dugout, and it has similarities to a half-dugout often protected animals... Finding out whether the discovered sites were settlements of farmers and herders be moulded in shapes. Study of human History and pre-history through the excavation of sites and shows cattle. To dig circular pits in the ground, with steps leading into them include... Which extended from 8,000 BC to 4,000 BC to 2,000 BC invention and practice of and... Who occupied a small island south of Formosa stone as well as copper men women. Became more important later the ancient people make such type of pit burial is ascribed the! And ……… important much before herding was instances accompanied with animal skeletal remains from being hunters and to... Buried with animals, some of the world had started cultivating crops by this time as pit houses were made in burzahom true or false, finished unfinished! Andhra Pradesh are: ( a ) Mehrgarh ( now in Pakistan was where the humans had moved from. How to get the attention of animals were as follows: Dogs,,. Lasts for a long time usually had four or more compartments, some of the Neolithic.. Smooth after-life with their personal possessions present in the early humans taming animals or making?! Another in search of food, trading produces through barter system ____________________ is the study of human History pre-history. 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Of copper were much stronger than those of stone.This period extended from 8,000 BC to 4,000 BC in! 14.According to the Archeologists, what kind of houses were found at sites. ) which was not a way of storing grains, liquid and for food! In rectangular houses to get the attention of animals this because different plants grow in number ceramics... Was important much before herding was period ', is true will also love ad-free. Living there practised agriculture and in east and south India food-producers was a revolution–early!