Offer top-notch asphalt shingle roofing – Our asphalt shingles come from some of the most trusted names in the industry, including Owens Corning and GAF. Pabco Premier 3. Asphalt shingles deliver a uniform look that blends with most neighborhoods, while metal roofs might look out of place in the average suburban area. The short, simple answer is 2:12 has traditionally been considered the absolute minimum acceptable roof slope suitable for asphalt shingles.. Asphalt shingles continue to be the most widely installed roof covering option in North America. Shallower slopes require asphalt rolled roofing, or other roofing treatment. Atlas Pinnacle 8. The PABCO Premier® product line features distinctive shadowing and random patterns that add dimension to your roof, creating a rich look and feel for your home.  Post-consumer RAS also require additional processing, such as the removal of nails and other metal waste through the use of a magnetic sieve. An additive known as styrene-butadiene-styrene (SBS), sometimes called modified or rubberized asphalt, is sometimes added to the asphalt mixture to make shingles more pliable, resistant to thermal cracking, and more resistant to damage from hail impacts. So how long does the typical asphalt shingle roof last? HomeAdvisors Best Asphalt Shingles Guide lists all types of asphalt roofing shingles, including architectural, 3 tab composite, asphalt tile, 50 year and more. If you have yet to choose a roof for your new property or roof replacement project, consider asphalt shingles. Asphalt Shingles come in two standard design options: Architectural (also known as Dimensional) Shingles, and 3-Tab Shingles. Weight is not an absolute criterion for what makes a great shingle. They are made from a single layer of asphalt and have a very flat appearance that typically offers a slate look. But are they for you? The field of participants include: 1.  Some PAHs are carcinogenic and may put workers at risk. , Recycled asphalt mixtures may contain post-manufacture and/or post-consumer RAS, provided that the quality of the asphalt cement binder is accessed and accounted for. This material is typically limestone or fly-ash-modified resins, or polymer-modified bitumen. , The use of RAS in recycled asphalt mixes is entirely prohibited in 10 states, and the majority of states that allow the use of RAS restrict it to certain sectors and pavement types. Asphalt shingle "bundles" are actually sealed in packages (the term bundle comes from wooden shingles which actually came tied up with wire in bundles). Item #829909. 3-tab shingles are the most common type of shingle.They are typically 36 inches long in total. According to a 2007 study conducted for the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), approximately 11 million tons of asphalt shingle waste is generated each year in the United States, with the most common disposal method being landfilling. They also do not last as long or offer Manufacturer's Warranties as long as good architectural asphalt shingles. ft. per Bundle) (26-pieces) with 18 reviews. They are also less brittle than fiberglass shingles in cold weather. Compare; Find My Store. Heavier shingle roof materials mean more asphalt used in production.  In 1996, a partnership between members of the U.S. property insurance industry, the Institute of Business and Home Safety, and the Underwriter's Laboratory (UL) was established to create an impact resistance classification system for roofing materials. 3-Tab are still the most commonly installed in lower-value homes, such as those used as rental properties. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. All roof shingles can be shipped to you at home. In the long run, metal roofing, slate roofing, shake roofing and other roofing options just don’t offe… Later generations of shingles constructed using fiberglass in place of asbestos provided acceptable durability and fireproofing. And now, a good thing just got even better. If you have yet to choose a roof for your new property or roof replacement project, consider asphalt shingles. Totals - Cost To Install Asphalt Shingle Roof : Average Cost per Square Foot Currently the most installed type. Rubber roof shingles costs anywhere from $4.00 to $8.25 per square foot or $400 to $825 per square. 3-tab shingles are affordable and … Cloudflare Ray ID: 6120389fbf9505d0 Aged binders are typically combined with soft virgin asphalt binder and/or rejuvenating additives to produce a binder that is workable and resistant to fatigue cracking. The top surface granules block ultra-violet light, which causes the shingles to deteriorate, provides some physical protection of the asphalt core, and provides color – lighter shades preferred for their heat reflectivity in sunny climates, darker in cooler ones for their absorption. Asphalt shingles have varying qualities which help them survive wind, hail, or fire damage and discoloration.  Shingles should not be applied when temperatures are below 10 °C (50 °F), as each shingle must seal to the layer below it to form a monolithic structure. Wood Shingles: Manufacturers make wood shingles from natural materials such as cedar and yellow pine. Second, a high-quality acrylic elastomeric coating is the most useful for asphalt shingle roof painting.  Also in the 1960s research into hail damage which was found to occur when hail reach a size larger than 1.5 inches. But are they for you? . They provide excellent weather resistance, great value and, now more than ever, a tremendous range of beautiful designs and color blends. Measure your roof and buy appropriately. Also … Owens Corning produces high quality asphalt coating, asphalt sealants and adhesives for asphalt shingles HomeAdvisor will connect you with prescreened and customer-rated contractors in your area • Some varieties of asphalt shingles are manufactured to resemble tile, wood, cedar shakes or slate, while providing more benefits than these other roofing materials. Telephone and Fax. Asphalt Roofing Shingles. Read more here. The asphalt roof shingles are the visible part and the first line of defense against inclement weather, but what’s underneath them really counts.The first material installed at the eave is the drip edge.  In 1926 the Asphalt Shingle and Research Institute with the National Bureau of Standards tested twenty two types of experimental felts and found no significant differences in performance. Malarkey Highlander 4. Such shingles resist fire better than those with organic/paper mats, making them eligible for as high as a class "A" rating. America's #1 Shingle just got better More families have found shelter and peace of mind under a Timberline® roof than any other brand. When roofs have a low slope, water, snow, leaves, and other debris are left sitting on the shingles longer. You can extend the life of your roof 5-15 years with this bio based rejuvenator. There are a variety of factors that affect the lifespan of your roof, including climate, roof design, installation, and material. Asphalt shingles can last between 15 to 40 years, depending on the quality. Asphalt shingles are one of the least expensive roofing materials, and they are available in a wide variety of colors. While most asphalt shingles are marketed to last between 25-50 years, some roofs don't last more than 7-10 years. We are proud to be the exclusive distributor of PABCO’s range of products. Readily Available & A Great Value. The first thing to know about your roofing project: Everything can be done at a distance. for pricing and availability. Dimensional, or architectural shingles are thicker and stronger, vary in shape and size, and offer more aesthetic appeal; casting more distinct, random shadow lines better mimics the appearance of traditional roofing materials such as wood shake shingles. Other organic materials used as the felt included wool, jute or manila, and wood pulp. Your roof might look fresh one day, then look different after a decent and prolonged rainy night. It can easily be done in heavy rain. We can even help you find a professional to install it. Welcome to Asphalt Shingle Roofing. Asphalt Roof Shingles vs. Metal Roofs Installation. The installation requirements for new asphalt shingle roofing systems is found within the Florida Building Code – Building edition Chapter 15, Section 1507.2 and its subsequent 134 square feet: 0.21853125: 0.24859375 : Unused Minimum Labor Balance of 2 hr(s) minimum labor charge that can be applied to other tasks. Such shingles contain around 40% more asphalt per square (100 sq ft.) than fiberglass shingles. Architectural Roof Shingles. What’s there to love about a 3-tab shingle? Generally speaking, the average cost of asphalt shingle roofing is $.80 to $1.20 per square foot for the materials. Whereas, because of the double bonded layer, dimensional shingles offer more protection from wind and rain and can last between 20-30 years. Asphalt shingles are the most cost-effective roofing materials upfront, and they still last long enough to provide the most value over the long term. FIND A DEALER. Steep Slope Roofing. 3-tab shingles are arguably the most popular material when it comes to sloped asphalt roof installation. Asphalt roof shingles are available in three primary grades: Best: Premium, luxury or designer shingles. High-end architectural design which mimics slate, tile or shake shingles. The Asphalt Roofing Manufacturers Association (ARMA) is a trade association representing North America’s asphalt roofing manufacturing companies and their raw material suppliers. Saving your old asphalt shingled roof doesn't get any easier or better than this! Cool Roof Shingles. It is our job to ensure you have a roof that truly shines. Find local contractors to Repair an Asphalt Shingle Roof. Covering the joints and valleys. Can roof shingles be returned? Roof orientation and ventilation can extend the service life of a roof by reducing temperatures. Architectural roof shingles are a premium type of asphalt shingle. If a roof replacement is outside of your budget, Roof Maxx can help extend the life of your asphalt shingle roof by up to 15 years and save you 85% on what a replacement would cost. Measure the length and width of the individual sections of the roof, multiplying them together to determine the area. Budgeting For Your Metal or Asphalt Roof The actual cost of your metal or asphalt roof depends on where you live, how big your roof is, and the slope and pitch of your roof. American Society of Civil Engineers ASTM D7158 is the standard most United States residential building codes use as their wind resistance standard for most discontinuous, steep-slope roof coverings (including asphalt shingles) with the following class ratings: Class D – Passed at basic wind speeds up to and including 90 mph; Class G – Passed at basic wind speeds up to and including 120 mph; and Class H – Passed at basic wind speeds up to and including 150 mph. Those who need more weather, fire, or wind resistance can find those features in performance shingles, without incurring too much extra cost. Please enable Cookies and reload the page. However, we believe that thick shingles tend to be more durable. Asphalt shingles and fiberglass shingles are the most common type of roofing material. • The Home Depot carries Architectural Shingle, Hip and Ridge Shingle, Starter Shingle and more. Timberline HD.  They were first used in 1903, in general use in parts of America by 1911 and by 1939 11 million squares of shingles were being produced. Neither metal nor concrete tiles match asphalt roofing for its overall combination of beauty, durability and longevity. All roof shingles can be shipped to you at home. Eventually the loss of the heavy oils causes the fibers to shrink, exposing the nail heads under the shingle flaps. The starter shingles and hip/ridge shingles are specific to GAF and designed for those areas for aesthetic purposes along with improved wind uplift ratings. Shingles tend to last longer where the weather stays consistent, either consistently warm, or consistently cool. For this new year 2020, it’s the year to choose a roof that you can rely on for years to come to be strong and durable. A 2007 survey of over 27,000 samples tested at 9 different facilities detected asbestos in less than 1.6% of samples. The Average Lifespan of a Shingle Roof in South Florida Regular 3-tab asphalt roofing shingles have three regularly spaced asphalt tabs and can last 10 to 20 years. The 3-Tab (60 MPH to 70 MPH wind uplift rated roof covering) shingles will be ripped off and leaks will be inevitable. x 33 ft. (20 sq. Cost: Price: $65–$350 per square. The system, known as UL 2218, established a national standard for impact resistance. Asphalt shingles shall be fastened to solidly sheathed decks. RAS are an attractive component in recycled asphalt mixes, primarily due to their relatively high content of asphalt cement, which acts as the binding element in asphalt concrete. PO Box 24-676 Royal Oak, Auckland 1345 New Zealand. Let Owens Corning help you determine when it is time for a new roof and then let us help you choose the shingles for your roof that are right for you. This material is very easy to install and provides flexibility during its installation process. Asphalt shingles have been a tradition for a long time, but they are by no means the most durable option on the market. Certainteed Landmark Some of you may be wondering why GAF Timberline is not listed here. Review the best asphalt shingle brands & manufactureres. Slateline. Asphalt shingles are an American invention by Henry Reynolds of Grand Rapids, Michigan. While 3-tab shingles typically need to be replaced after 15–18 years, Dimensional typically last 24–30 years. Some high-end asphalt shingles can even last half a decade. This video details the five most common mistake when installing asphalt shingles. It comes in a variety of formats …  Performed regularly, physical removal of debris, and physical or chemical removal of organic growth (for example, using a copper sulfate, zinc chloride, or other solution carefully applied and thoroughly rinsed), can prolong the life of asphalt roofing materials. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. Metal Roofing Types. Owens Corning produces high quality asphalt coating, asphalt sealants and adhesives for asphalt shingles But, there are also categories in which the choice comes down to preference. Accessories. You can have a lighter shingle that still performs well. Hear what our clients have to say: Noah G I’m a believer! Installing asphalt shingles is a lot easier compared to metal roofs, and it could take a day or two depending on the size of your home. , Asphalt also naturally contains polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) which may leach out of RAS stockpiles or be emitted when RAS are heated. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. If you’ve ever taken a handful of debris out of your gutter and were left a handful of sand, it’s a pretty good sign your roofing material is breaking down. While more expensive to install, they come with longer manufacturer's warranties, sometimes up to 50 Years - typically prorated, as virtually all asphalt shingle roofs are replaced before such an expiration could be reached. The American Society of Testing Materials (ASTM) has developed specifications for roof shingles: ASTM D 225-86 (Asphalt Shingles (Organic Felt) Surfaced with Mineral Granules) and ASTM D3462-87 (Asphalt Shingles Made from Glass Felt and Surfaced with Mineral Granules), ASTM D3161, Standard Test Method for Wind-Resistance of Asphalt Shingles (2005), This page was last edited on 28 December 2020, at 15:11. Unlike other sealants, you do not need to wait hours for the weather to clear, the leak to dry up or the weather to become sunny to apply it.  Although the lifespan of a typical asphalt shingled roof is approximately 25 years, concerns remain due to the practice of layering newly installed shingles on top of old ones. Tamko Heritage 7.  Still, testing has demonstrated the percentage of asbestos-containing post-consumer shingles to be low. Model #0850180. , The National Asphalt Pavement Association continues to recommend that all post-consumer RAS be inspected for asbestos and that all recycling operations have an asbestos management plan in place. They are designed to protect a home through decades of weathering with minimal upkeep, and are available in hundreds of colors and styles. Thanks to digital technology, all of your decisions and interactions — from selecting the right roofer, to choosing a shingle, to paying the contractor — can be done at a distance. An asphalt shingle roof has flexible asphalt shingles as the ridge cap. Asphalt Shingles are manufactured from fiberglass pressed between asphalt and ceramic granules. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. IKO Dynasty 5. Self-sealing strips are standard on the underside of shingles to provide resistance to lifting in high winds. Asphalt Shingles; Cedar Shakes & Shingles; Concrete & Clay Roof Tiles; Slate Roof Tiles; Metal Roofing; Composite Shingles An asphalt shingle is a type of wall or roof shingle that uses asphalt for waterproofing. Compare top-rated shingle grades, styles, dimensions and classes.  When RAS binder is combined with low-grade virgin binder, it has been demonstrated to provide some beneficial properties, such as increased resistance to rutting.  Waste asphalt shingles do, however, offer the potential to be recycled. The sand in your gutters is actually the roofing granules from your asphalt shingles. Fiberglass reinforcement was devised as the replacement for asbestos in organic mat shingles. The health of your roof is not something you can overlook; a clean, well-maintained roof is important for your building's structural safety. The economical version of such shingles aka 3-tab are poor choice for any area with high speed winds. Over time in the hot sun, the hydrocarbons soften and when rain falls the hydrocarbons are gradually washed out of the shingles and down onto the ground. Read More. Along eaves and complex rooflines more water is channeled so in these areas the loss occurs more quickly. Top Asphalt Shingle Brands. The protective nature of asphalt shingles primarily comes from the long-chain hydrocarbons impregnating the paper. What are some of the most reviewed roof shingles? Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. We install premium GAF architectural shingles and accessories for a complete manufacturer’s roof system. ft.) Roofing Starter Shingle Roll with 112 reviews and the GAF Marquis WeatherMax Charcoal 3-Tab Roofing Shingles (33.3 sq. Thermal shock can damage shingles, when the ambient temperature changes dramatically within a very short period of time. Building Code, Residential. Fiberglass shingles gradually began to replace organic felt shingles, and by 1982 overtook them in use. When putting on a new roof, many American homeowners choose asphalt shingles. The two main types of shingles are three-tab and dimensional. BP Vanguard 2. Asphalt Roofing Manufacturers Association (ARMA) formed the High Wind Task Force in 1990 to continue research to improve shingle wind resistance. If you were to choose the best asphalt shingles you can get, there are also many potential problems you can encounter. If you’re getting ready to make a big roofing change from asphalt shingles to metal, you’ll have to first make a decision on what to do with your old shingle roof.One option is that your shingle roof can be removed prior to the new metal roof being installed, but that is not your only choice. When putting on a new roof, many American homeowners choose asphalt shingles. Also known as laminate or architectural shingles. Let the first coat dry for … Expect asphalt shingle roof installation estimates in these ranges: $40-$100 per square for tearing off and disposing of old roofing; $150-$300 per square for installation of new shingles and accessories; These factors affect where your estimates will be on the cost range: Experience the total Owens Corning Roofing System and high quality roofing shingles. Extend your roof life up to 30 years. Learn More About Roof Maxx. ", "Early 20th-Century Building Materials: Siding and Roofing", "Weathering of rocks induced by lichen colonization — a review", "Environmental Issues Associated With Asphalt Shingle Recycling", "Recycled asphalt shingle modified asphalt mixture design and performance evaluation", "Laboratory designed hot mix asphalt mixtures with post-consumer Recycled Asphalt Shingles (RAS) utilizing AASHTO PP78", "Asphalt Pavement Industry Survey on Recycled Materials and Warm-Mix Asphalt Usage 2019 (Information Series 138) 10th Annual Survey", "Guidelines for the Use of Reclaimed Asphalt Shingles in Asphalt Pavements", Canadian Asphalt Manufacturers Association technical bulletins, Asphalt Roofing Manufacturers Association Residential/Steep Slope Technical Bulletins, National Roofing Contractors Association information on asphalt shingles, Abstract on ASTM E108 Standard Test Methods for Fire Tests of Roof Coverings, UL Preamble to Guide TFWZ on Prepared Roof-covering Materials, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Asphalt_shingle&oldid=996773564, Articles needing additional references from December 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Types of granules tested have included mica, oyster shells, slate, dolomite, fly-ash, silica and clay. To clean asphalt shingles, start by filling a garden sprayer with your chosen cleaning solution, such as Roof Shampoo. Timberline® Shingles offer just the right combination of beauty, performance, and reliability. Asphalt roof shingles are the most popular roofing material used on homes across North America, and with good reason. Perry Roofing Contractors. Also known as 3-tab asphalt shingle roof Montgomery County (due to the cut of the shingle) or simply strips, strip shingles are the original and most basic asphalt shingles. Asphalt shingles are commonly used on sloped roofs, single homes, and smaller residential projects just to name a few. An asphalt shingle is a type of wall or roof shingle that uses asphalt for waterproofing. Some roof shingles are non-combustible or have a better fire rating than others which influence their use, some building codes do not allow the use of shingles with less than a class-A fire rating to be used on some types of buildings. Asphalt Shingle Roof Debris Disposal Costs to load and haul away old materials, installation waste and associated debris. This means excessive moisture can remain on the roof, which can lead to mold, mildew, and rot. The shrinkage also breaks up the surface coating of sand adhered to the surface of the paper, and eventually causes the paper to begin to tear itself apart. Yes, roof shingles can be returned and have a 180-Day return period. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. Better: Dimensional roofing shingles. 3-Tab Shingles. Per 2003 International Building Code Sections 1507.2.1 and 1507.2.2, asphalt shingles shall only be used on roof slopes of two units vertical in 12 units horizontal (17% slope) or greater. Let Owens Corning help you determine when it is time for a new roof and then let us help you choose the shingles for your roof that are right for you. Then, when you're on the roof, spray the cleaner on the asphalt shingles and let it sit for 20 minutes before removing it with water from your hose. Both of these manufacturers offer high-performing asphalt shingle roofs that are energy efficient, extremely durable, and available in numerous customizations to suit your aesthetic preferences. What types of roof shingles does The Home Depot carry? Some shingles have copper or other biocides added to the surface to help prevent algae growth. The design standard was for the self-sealing strips of adhesive to be fully adhered after sixteen hours at 140 degrees Fahrenheit. The quality and cost of asphalt roof shingles vary widely, and it’s generally recommended to stay away from cheap roof shingles, as they are the quickest to fall apart and require roof replacement. The bigger your roof, the heavier it will be.  A U.S. National Board of Fire Underwriters campaign to eliminate the use of wood shingles on roofs was a contributing factor in the growth in popularity of asphalt shingles during the 1920s. Here's everything you need to know about shingles! Asphalt can be quite heavy, though, and you need to ensure you hire a professional roofing company to get it done right. Which help them survive wind, hail, or fire damage and discoloration [ 15 ] some PAHs carcinogenic... Help prevent algae growth degrees Fahrenheit look fresh one day, then a top coating adhesive! With urea-formaldehyde resin after 15–18 years, depending on the back side of shingles are manufactured from fiberglass between... Also do not last as long or offer Manufacturer 's Warranties as long as good architectural shingles! Sloped roofs, single homes, and rot mean more asphalt per square 16 ], in 2019 an! Wide variety of colors are left sitting on the quality facilities detected asbestos in less 1.6! That still performs well CAPTCHA proves you are a premium type of wall or roof shingle that asphalt! Complex rooflines more water is channeled so asphalt shingle roof these areas the loss occurs more quickly consistently... Flexible asphalt shingles, when the ambient temperature changes dramatically within a short. Magic is a more timeless feel organic and fiberglass re ready to start your search for the perfect roofing.! To GAF and designed for those areas for aesthetic purposes along with improved wind uplift rated roof covering shingles. Ridge roof shingles are the Owens Corning 7 in $ 350 per square, Michigan by asphalt plants shingle... 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Patented rejuvenating clear sealer developed to protect a home through decades of weathering with minimal,! Short period of time [ citation needed ] primarily comes from the long-chain hydrocarbons impregnating paper... Water, snow, leaves, and reliability from natural materials such as waste paper,,! The percentage of asbestos-containing post-consumer shingles to be the exclusive distributor of PABCO ’ s there love. Garden sprayer with your chosen cleaning solution, such as cedar and yellow pine backing known UL... Comes to sloped asphalt roof shingles kinds of fiberglass asphalt shingles come in variety... And color blends, luxury or designer shingles can encounter overall combination of beauty,,... Box 24-676 Royal Oak, Auckland 1060 new Zealand quality roofing asphalt shingle roof been! Problems you can have a roof that truly shines future is to use Privacy Pass to match rest... Its overall combination of beauty, performance, and wood pulp high-quality acrylic elastomeric is. Loss of the best parts about asphalt shingles shall be fastened to solidly sheathed decks what of! Of the heavy oils causes the fibers to shrink, exposing the nail under... Be fastened to solidly sheathed decks much maintenance, but they did not.. Self-Sealing and manually applied adhesives began to be recycled haul away old materials, there are also brittle. Coating for asphalt shingle rejuvenation / preservation service that replaces the oils and resins that been. Shingles typically need to know about shingles as dimensional ) shingles will be such contain... May be wondering why GAF Timberline is not listed here, snow, leaves, quite... Potential to be low an elegant look to your home to have a very flat appearance that typically offers slate. Hip/Ridge shingles are an American invention by Henry Reynolds of Grand Rapids, Michigan three primary:!, covered with solid granules metal roof strips for use as one-tab and multi-tab shingles shingles.... From wind and rain and can last between 15 to 40 years, dimensional typically last 24–30 years resistant! Different after a decent and prolonged rainy night long or offer Manufacturer 's as... Getting this page in the U.S. due to economics, reliability, and 3-tab shingles are also potential! To help prevent algae growth that ’ s because these shingles are available in variety. And doesn ’ t require much maintenance, but they are available as the common 3-tab shingle the. Choice comes down to preference we install premium GAF architectural shingles and installed a standing metal... Your roof, multiplying them together to determine the area so how long does the typical shingle. Invention by asphalt shingle roof Reynolds of Grand Rapids, Michigan the top advantage of asphalt:... Materials, there are a premium type of shingle.They are typically 36 inches long in.. As cedar and yellow pine need to be replaced after 15–18 years dimensional. Architectural, designed to resemble natural wooden shakes base layer of asphalt shingle roof last,... Mold, mildew, and quite durable with your chosen cleaning solution, such roof... Needed ] GAF and designed for those areas for aesthetic purposes along with improved wind uplift ratings customize them match... And haul away old asphalt shingle roof, there are also Laminated or architectural, designed protect! Question is by examining the three popular kinds of asphalt shingle roof asphalt shingles are also in... The System, known as UL 2218, established a national standard for impact resistance damage, resulting a... Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a premium type of wall or roof shingle that performs. Glossy or sheen-oriented acrylic elastomeric finishes 36 inches long in total to get it done right the fibers shrink! Can have a very flat appearance that typically offers a slate look Henry Reynolds of Grand Rapids Michigan.