Part of this is simple proof of concept, because the temperatures inside tokamaks are almost unprecedented on Earth, period—at least on the surface during the Anthropocene. Fusionsreaktoren, die zur Stromerzeugung in einem Fusionskraftwerk geeignet wären, existieren noch nicht. HL-2M Tokamak: China bringt Fusions-Forschung ordentlich voran; Fusion, Kernfusion, Reaktor, Tokamak Pixabay. The project would include two phases of operation. Chinese scientists experiment with gaining limitless clean energy through fusion reactions When two atoms fuse to form a larger atom, they release … Zudem soll das benötigte Tritium durch CFETR selbst erzeugt werden.[1]. The nuclear fusion reactor will burn as hot as 360 million degrees. The Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST), internal designation HT-7U, is an experimental superconducting tokamak magnetic fusion energy reactor in Hefei, China.The Hefei Institutes of Physical Science is conducting the experiment for the Chinese Academy of Sciences.It has operated since 2006. EAST, an " artificial sun ," is global peers with ITER and hopes to reach some of the same milestones. As temperatures climb, the magnetic containment must also increase, and this has been a key point of failure (or at least “challenge”) for these reactors. A ground-breaking fusion reactor built by Chinese scientists is underscoring Beijing’s determination to be at the core of clean energy technology, as it eyes a fully-functioning plant by 2050. China had recently successfully activated its “artificial sun,” which is a nuclear fusion reactor that grants the country with fuel for years to come. China has not one but rather multiple “artificial suns,” or nuclear fusion reactors, with the latest set to power up next year. China's Experimental Fusion Reactor Hits Major Milestone. 19 DECEMBER 2019 . The Futuristic 100-Knot Superboat That Never Was. Advocates for fusion power believe that the technology holds the promise of unlimited clean energy. Fusion researchers in China will bring their "artificial sun" up to full speed in 2020. Latest. China aims to develop its fusion technology as it plans to build an experimental reactor as early as next year, build an industrial prototype by 2035 and go into large-scale commercial use by 2050. They just need to make it more sustainable. It costs a huge amount of energy input to bring a tokamak reactor’s entire assembly up to speed. Should We Shorten the Minute to 59 Seconds? China’s HL-2M Tokamak reactor, located in the southwest of China in Sichuan province, uses ultra-powerful magnets to create and fuse hot plasma at … [2], Mit der Erstellung der technischen Entwürfe wurde im Jahr 2017 begonnen, mit den Erdarbeiten in Hefei am 14. EAST reached plasma for 10 seconds in 2018, which is a major milestone. China has powered up its nuclear fusion reactor for the first time, in a step forward for technology which would ultimately provide a powerful and limitless source of clean energy. And even with the best minds in the world working on this idea for decades, scientists still haven’t made productive plasma. . Like many of the world’s tokamak experiments, EAST has reached fusion before. Das Vorgängerprojekt ist der seit 2006 fertiggestellte Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST), ebenfalls in Hefei. Die Bauphase soll während der 2020er Jahre stattfinden. China has successfully powered up its “artificial sun” nuclear fusion reactor for the first time, according to Agence France Presse. By Mary Beth Griggs. CFETR construction is planned for the 2020s as a demonstration of the feasibility of large scale fusion power generation. China has turned on its nuclear fusion reactor - which hopes to replicate the sun's heat and energy - for the first time. The HL-2M Tokamak nuclear fusion reactor was turned on for the first time, scientists have announced. Ein Kernfusionsreaktor oder Fusionsreaktor ist eine technische Anlage, in der die Kernfusion von Deuterium und Tritium als thermonukleare Reaktion kontrolliert abläuft. Gear-obsessed editors choose every product we review. Mittlerweile zielen die Entwürfe auf einen größeren reaktor (200 - 1500 MW) ab, der eine Brücke schlagen soll zwischen einem primären Forschungsreaktor wie ITER und einem bereits auf die Betriebsabläufe zu einem kommerziellen Reaktor hin ausgelegten Konzept wie DEMO. China has switched on its HL-2M EAST tokamak for its first planned full-strength fusion. This content is imported from {embed-name}. China successfully activated its nuclear-powered ‘Artificial Sun’-HL-2M Tokamak reactor- for the first time on December 4, 2020.The fusion reactor was switched for a brief test. Xiaogang Liu, Zhaoliang Wang, Yong Ren, Junjun Li, Dapeng Yin, Lei Li, Xiang Gao, Yu Wu: Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fusengdes.2020.111930, https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=China_Fusion_Engineering_Test_Reactor&oldid=204946932, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“. It is the first tokamak to employ superconducting toroidal and poloidal magnets. Obwohl dieses Ziel bereits seit den 1960er Jahren verfolgt wird, rückt es wegen hoher technischer Hürden und auch aufgrund unerwarteter physikalisch… Korea's Artificial Sun Runs for 20 Amazing Seconds, China is Designing Portable Nuclear Reactors, Scientists Test the World's Largest Artificial Sun, The Big Boy Nuclear Fusion Reactor Is Almost Ready, Guy Tries to Sell Homemade Nuclear Reactor. No tokamak reactor (or fusion reactor, period) has yet reached net productive energy. Pushing each experimental run a little bit hotter and bigger has let researchers continue to shore up the external parts. But it’s just the very, very beginning . 18 Dec 2019, 18:34. ☢️ You love nuclear. In 2019, EAST pushed the boat out further and announced plans to double that temperature in 2020—reaching the tokamak's prime operating temperature of 360 million degrees. February 9, 2016. China Could Be Turning on Its 'Artificial Sun' Fusion Reactor Really Soon . [3], Das Gesamtprojekt soll in zwei Phasen stattfinden, wobei die erste Phase dem Nachweis eines stabilen Betriebszustandes und der Erzeugung von Tritium dienen soll. If the EAST team is a few months late, we’ll still count that as a win. Der CFETR soll die technische Machbarkeit großer Kernfusionsreaktoren nachweisen. China successfully powered up its "artificial Sun" nuclear fusion reactor for the first time, state media reported Friday, marking a great advance in the country's nuclear power research capabilities. China has switched on its record-setting “artificial sun” tokamak, state media reported today. Is that cooperation worth tens of billions of dollars before the first megawatt of power is ever produced? China Fusion Engineering Test Reactor. Command and Control: Nuclear Weapons, the Damascus Accident, and the Illusion of Safety, Midnight in Chernobyl: The Untold Story of the World's Greatest Nuclear Disaster, NASA Found Another Way Into Nuclear Fusion, This Fusion Drive Could Boost Interstellar Travel, This content is created and maintained by a third party, and imported onto this page to help users provide their email addresses. Popular Mechanics participates in various affiliate marketing programs, which means we may get paid commissions on editorially chosen products purchased through our links to retailer sites. Die ersten Konzepte aus dem Jahr 2014 gingen noch von einem relativ kleinen Tokamak-Reaktor mit … China on Friday made another step forward in its quest for clean energy through controlled nuclear fusion, as it commissioned its new “artificial sun” – a new generation nuclear fusion reactor research facility which operates at a temperature 10 times as hot as the sun. The Chinese device consists of a doughnut-shaped chamber called a tokamak, which is similar to the EU-funded Joint European Torus in the UK. The reactor is often called an "artificial sun" due to the enormous heat and power it produces. Made to replicate the natural reactions that occur in the sun using hydrogen and deuterium gases as fuels, the HL-2M Tokamak reactor is China's largest and most advanced nuclear fusion experimental research device. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 27. Diese Nachricht empfehlen. The reactor is China’s largest and most advanced nuclear fusion experimental research device. KRISTIN HAUSER, FUTURISM . Construction for a fusion research facility based in Chengdu, Sichuan province in southwestern China, is going smoothly (link in Chinese), and it should be operational in 2020, state news agency Xinhua reported. This hasn't happened yet, but there’s still time in 2020, and COVID-19 has affected all the world’s scientific progress this year. How we test gear. This begins a timeline China hopes will be similar to the one planned by the global International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) project. Some current designs show a helium loop that would extract heat from the reactor, and either drive a turbine directly or generate the steam in a secondary loop. Dezember 2018. The HL-2M tokamak fusion reactor in central China has been commissioned and has achieved its first plasma discharge, according to China National Nuclear Corporation (CNNC). When EAST was built in 2006, the team’s researchers began an escalating series of experiments. More Energy. "The demand for energy is huge in every country and China has a roadmap for fusion-generated power," says Mr Song. China made headlines earlier this month stating it had started its ... How the heat energy from a fusion reactor will be converted into a motive force to drive a turbine is unclear. The China Fusion Engineering Test Reactor (CFETR) is a proposed tokamak nuclear fusion reactor in China. You may be able to find the same content in another format, or you may be able to find more information, at their web site. Now that EAST has switched on for what its makers say is the real deal, the project has a lot to prove. Der China Fusion Engineering Test Reactor (kurz: CFETR) ist ein in Planung befindlicher Kernfusions-Forschungsreaktor vom Tokamak-Typ, der in Hefei, China, gebaut wird. In der zweiten Phase sollen eine Fusionsleistung von 1 GW (ITER: 500 MW) und eine Verstärkung der eingesetzten Heizleistung um einen Faktor höher als 12 (ITER: 10) erreicht werden. ITER and EAST work closely together, and China is part of the groundbreaking ITER collaboration in addition to its own fusion projects. China is about to start operation on its "artificial sun"—a nuclear fusion device that produces energy by replicating the reactions that take place at the center of the sun. In 2018, EAST made news when the tokamak reached 180 million degrees. This means the outside chambers of these tokamak reactors are usually cryogenically cooled masterpieces in their own right, able to withstand conditions that would buckle almost anything else in the world. The race is on among the world’s nations to create an ‘artificial sun’, and now China is staking its claim as the one to beat with a next-generation nuclear fusion reactor. Der China Fusion Engineering Test Reactor (kurz: CFETR) ist ein in Planung befindlicher Kernfusions-Forschungsreaktor vom Tokamak-Typ, der in Hefei, China, gebaut wird. Update: China turned on its experimental fusion reactor on December 4, 2020, according to People's Daily. It's go time for the Far East's most formidable fusion reactor. Hotter than the interior of the sun. 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