It was established at the signing of the North Atlantic Treaty on 4 April 1949. Article Five of the treaty states that if an armed attack occurs against one of the member states, it shall be considered an attack against all members, and other members shall assist the attacked member, with armed forces if necessary.[1]. What is NATO? Biographies and pictures of the current senior government officials, Permanent Representatives to the North Atlantic Council, all NATO Secretaries General, principal officials to the International Staff, members of the Military Committee, major NATO Commanders and the principal officials of the NATO International Military. Only two members of the United Nations voted against it: The United States (a permanent member of the Security Council) and Ukraine. Øystein Bø, Poland Article Foreign Minister Heiko Maas on German Televison (ZDF) ahead of the NATO Foreign Ministerial on (1 December 2020) “For the first time in 20 years, there is a peace process in Afghanistan in which the Afghan Government and the Taliban are sitting down together to negotiate a peace treaty. After the end of the Cold War, NATO added 14 more member nations (10 former Warsaw Pact members and four former Yugoslav republics) from 12 March 1999 to 27 March 2020. Germany Rüdiger König. https://www.answers.com/Q/Who_are_the_5_permanent_members_of_NATO Dragomir Zakov, Canada Jakub Landovský, Denmark The response to whether their country should militarily aid another NATO country if it were to get into a serious military conflict with Russia was also mixed. Jens Stoltenberg (* 16. The Council is composed of 15 Members: Five permanent members: China, France, Russian Federation, the United Kingdom… United States president Donald Trump expressed interest in withdrawing from the organization during his 2016 presidential campaign, but he later stated that the United States would protect allies in the event that Article V is invoked.[2][3][4]. At present, eight of the 29 NATO member states are fulfilling their obligation to spend at least 2 percent of gross domestic product on defense. Albania. In the order of joining NATO: 1949 – Bel For example, you can enter any of the following: 2930-12-305-1216, or 12-305-1216, or 2930123051216 So far, Article 5 has been invoked once - in response to the 9/11 terrorist attacks in the United States in 2001. NATO on the map; Member countries ; Partners; Who's who? Members of the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to NATO. 6 outside the contact zones if they can support exercises and military operations in the contact zones. Tensions between NATO and the Kremlin are now at their worst level since the demise of the Soviet Union, and both sides need to take reparative steps. The meetings of the NAC are chaired by the Secretary General and, when decisions have to be made, action is agreed upon on the basis of unanimity and common accord. The Permanent Representatives of the 29 NATO member countries signed the accession protocol in the North Atlantic Council last year. Er war zweimal norwegischer Ministerpräsident, von März 2000 bis Oktober 2001 (Regierung Stoltenberg I) und erneut von 2005 bis 2013 (Regierung Stoltenberg II). For historical and future expansion of NATO, see, Population data is based on a July 2020 estimate by the, The paramilitary forces of Italy consist of the. Stelian Stoian, Slovakia So did the 27 members of the European Union, 21 of them belonging to NATO. Czech Republic Jakub Landovský. The NATO Parliamentary Assembly is made up of legislators from the member countries of the North Atlantic Alliance as well as thirteen associate members. Subscribe to NATO Updates . Paris was home to its first permanent Headquarters in the 1950s and 60s. David Angell, Croatia NATO Member States. Vacant März 1959 in Oslo) ist ein norwegischer Politiker der sozialdemokratischen Arbeiterpartei. Seven of these countries joined in the fifth enlargement in 2004. Denmark Liselotte Plesner. NATO is committed to the principle that an attack against one or several of its members is considered as an attack against all. At the foundation of the League, there were 4 permanent and 4 non-permanent members. Federal Foreign Office website. France Muriel Domenach. The permanent members of the United Nations Security Council (also known as the Permanent Five, Big Five, or P5) are the five sovereign states to whom the UN Charter of 1945 grants a permanent seat on the UN Security Council: China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Dubravka Lalović, Netherlands [38] Criticism of the organization by US president Donald Trump caused various reactions from American and European political figures, ranging from ridicule to panic. The 30 members of NATO have diplomatic missions to the organization through embassies in Belgium. Something went wrong sending the address. Albania Pedro Costa Pereira, Romania November fand der NATO Talk 2020 im Gasometer Berlin statt, die die Deutsche Atlantische Gesellschaft zusammen mit der Bundesakademie für Sicherheitspolitik und dem Presse- und Informationsamt der Bundesregierung jährlich ausrichtet. In 2019, almost all NATO … The following list is sourced from the 2018 edition of "The Military Balance" published annually by the International Institute for Strategic Studies. SENIOR MILITARY REPRESENTATIVE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION TO NATO. Muriel Domenach, Germany Our databases contain millions of NATO parts linked to their NATO NSN. A permanent deployment would be a violation of the NATO-Russia Founding Act, signed by Russia and NATO member states. That decision in no way undermined France’s commitment to contribute to the collective defence of the Alliance. [42][43], Members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, This article is about the composition of NATO. Visho Ajazi Lika, Belgium Liselotte Plesner, Estonia Nordatlantikpakt-Organisation), im Deutschen häufig als Atlantisches Bündnis oder als Nordatlantikpakt bezeichnet (französisch OTAN – Organisation du Traité de l’Atlantique Nord), ist eine Internationale Organisation ohne Hoheitsrechte. Three of NATO's members are nuclear weapons states: France, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Pascal Heyman, Bulgaria Edgars Skuja, Lithuania Miguel Fernández-Palacios M. Turkey NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) is an international alliance that consists of 30 … Organization. The United States has a larger defence expenditure than all other members combined. Die NATO (englisch North Atlantic Treaty Organization „Organisation des Nordatlantikvertrags“ bzw. [39][40][41] Pew Research Center's 2016 survey among its member states showed that while most countries viewed NATO positively, most NATO members preferred keeping their military spending the same. International Institute for Strategic Studies, "Trump threatens to quit NATO: White House official - France 24", "In NATO Speech, Trump Is Vague About Mutual Defense Pledge", "A glowing orb and a not-so-glowing review of the GOP healthcare bill: Trump's week was filled with events he didn't control". NATO has added new members eight times since its foundation, in 1949, with a total of 30 members. Belgium Pascal Heyman. Estonia Kyllike Sillaste-Elling. The senior permanent member of each delegation is known as the Permanent Representative and is generally a senior civil servant or an experienced ambassador (and holding that diplomatic rank). Canada David Angell. Francesco M. Talò, Latvia Transferring more than 1,000 of those forces eastward to establish a permanent U.S. troop presence in Poland conveyed a markedly unfriendly message. Between 1994 and 1997, wider forums for regional cooperation between NATO and its neighbors were set up, including the Partnership for Peace, the Mediterranean Dialogue initiative and the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council. Am 28. PERMANENT AND NON-PERMANENT MEMBERS. NATO allies boost defense spending in the wake of Trump criticism, Former US ambassador to Nato in withering criticism of Donald Trump, Shaken by Trump’s Criticism of NATO, Europe Mulls Building Own Military Force, Support for NATO is widespread among member nations, U.S. would defend NATO despite Trump's criticism, Europeans believe: study, "Defence Expenditure of NATO Countries (2012-2019)", Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Member_states_of_NATO&oldid=1000207429, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 03:13. According to the recent poll, 33% of the respondents were in favour of applying for NATO membership, while 35% of those surveyed opposed it, and about the same amount remained undecided. Kay Bailey Hutchison, Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response Coordination Centre (EADRCC), NATO Public Diplomacy Division’s Co-Sponsorship Grants. NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) is an international alliance that consists of 30 member states from North America and Europe. The Adriatic States Albania and Croatia joined in the sixth enlargement in 2009, Montenegro in 2017 and North Macedonia in 2020. Now NATO must again adapt “to survive, and remain effective and relevant to the needs of its members.” To that end, the experts provide 138 recommendations aimed at enabling the alliance to remain in 2030 the “bedrock of peace, stability, and the rule of law in the Europe-Atlantic area,” covering everything from Russia to the challenges of outer space. Marisa Gerards, North Macedonia Rüdiger König, Greece Each member nation is normally represented on the North Atlantic Council by an Ambassador or Permanent Representative supported by a national delegation composed of advisers and officials who represent their country on different NATO committees. Twelve countries took part in the founding of NATO: Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Several countries have diplomatic missions to NATO through embassies in Belgium. Basat Öztürk, United Kingdom Where Does The Relationship Between NATO And The U.S. Go From Here? Croatia Mario Nobilo. This report deals with Russia’s geopolitical objectives, policy and strategy, and their effects across the wider Baltic Region. Only two members of the United Nations voted against it: The United States (a permanent member of the Security Council) and Ukraine. In 1952, Greece and Turkey became members of the Alliance, joined later by West Germany (in 1955) and Spain (in 1982). It is expected that only five NATO member states (Estonia, Greece, Poland, the United Kingdom, and the United States) will meet the 2 percent target in 2015, one more (Poland) than in 2014. This is the principle of collective defence, which is enshrined in Article 5 of the Washington Treaty.. After this fourth enlargement in 1999, the Vilnius group of the Baltics and seven East European countries formed in May 2000 to cooperate and lobby for further NATO membership. All members have militaries, except for Iceland, which does not have a typical army (but it does have a coast guard and a small unit of civilian specialists for NATO operations). Only in the US and Canada did more than 50% of the people answer that they should. The other 29 country NATO members, including Italy, certainly due to an internal directive, abstained. Who's who at NATO? NATO PA interacts directly with the parliamentary structures of the national governments of the member states which appoint Permanent Members, or ambassadors to NATO. Zoltán Nagy, Iceland NATO member states and Russia should consider including in trans-parency measures land-based and sea-launched conventional intermediate (medium-range) strike systems, such as cruise missiles that may be located . The list of Permanent Representatives may be found on the NATO website. Our proprietary software will cross reference between NATO Part Numbers and US NSN Part Numbers where applicable. The Permanent Delegation, located at NATO Headquarters in Brussels, is tasked to represent Hungarian foreign, defence and security policy interests and goals within NATO, as well as to reinforce Allied solidarity in all NATO-related matters. Erik Kopač. Dejan Velkoski (Chargé d'affaires a.i. Of the 30 member countries, two are located in North America (Canada and the United States), 28 are in Europe, one of which (Turkey) is in both Europe and Asia. The League Council had expanded by 1936 to have 4 permanent and 11 non-permanent members, which meant that there were 15 countries with veto power. In 1966, France decided to withdraw from the NATO Integrated Military Command Structures. More März 2014 wurde er mit Wirkung zum 1. Permanent Representative – Montenegro 2019. NATO also does not accept any members who would bring unresolved territorial disputes into the alliance. Defence expenditure and personnel data are based on a June 2019 press release from NATO. Spiros Lambridis, Hungary ), Norway 3.4. Sarah MacIntosh, United States NATO Member Countries. Among the 53 abstentions are also Australia, Japan, and other NATO partners. Spain Arlette Conzemius, Montenegro Vladimir Putin may violate treaties, Angela Merkel argued, but we don't. Tomasz Szatkowski, Portugal The existence of such a large number of vetoes made it very difficult for the League to agree on many issues. Mario Nobilo, Czech Republic Hermann Ingólfsson, Italy The second part sums up NATO’s response to this evolving strategic challenge, including the potential military threat posed by Russia. NATO has 12 original founding member nation states, and from 18 February 1952 to 6 May 1955, it added three more member nations, and a fourth on 30 May 1982. In 1990, with the reunification of Germany, NATO grew to include the former country of East Germany. Claim: The amount other NATO member countries spent on defense “was really heading in the wrong direction — three years ago was heading down.” Deividas Matulionis, Luxembourg Radovan Javorčík, Slovenia France was a founding member of NATO and fully participated in the Alliance from its outset. The member states of NATO are: Albania, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Montenegro, Netherlands, North Macedonia, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States. Bulgaria Dragomir Zakov. Oktober 2014 zum NATO-Generalsekretär berufen. From 1993−2013, she served as a US Senator from Texas and was also elected to a Senate leadership position. Last updated: 03 Sep. 2019 15:16; Back To Top. NATO members have increased defense spending, deployed forces in Central and Eastern Europe, and begun investing in needed capabilities. This is not a valid e-mail address! NATO is an Alliance that consists of 30 independent member countries. You must provide an address. Country by country, this page offers an overview of the links to national information servers and to the website of national delegations to NATO. 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