It is certain that Pericles gave that speech and that, in essence, he said what Thucydides wrote, but it is reasonable to think that the historian expressed it in his own words. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, The Thirty Tyrants After the Peloponnesian War, Political Aspects of the Classical Age of Greece. But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate -- we can not consecrate -- we can not hallow -- this ground. Thucydides (c.460/455-c.399 BCE): Pericles' Funeral Oration from the Peloponnesian War (Book 2.34-46) This famous speech was given by the Athenian leader Pericles after the first battles of the Peloponnesian war. On the other hand, the authorship of the funeral oration is not clear. Pericles's Funeral Oration is a famous speech attributed to Pericles in Thucydides' History of the Peloponnesian War. The much-remembered funeral oration of Pericles equally praises the unique character of Athens; Athens was set apart from the rest—the exception, exceptional. This famous speech was written by Thucydides, but given by Pericles sometime during Athens’ Pelponnesian War. The speech was delivered by Pericles The Funeral Oration of Pericles The term "equal justice" dates back at least to the dawn of western civilization. And we are the only ones who, without anguish, seek to benefit someone not so much by calculating the right moment as by trusting our freedom. It … The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. The official funeral oration for the Athenian soldiers who died at one of the opening battles of the Peloponnesian War by the leader of democratic Athens, Pericles. But we must not forget that Plato did not like democracy at all, much less Pericles. Thucydides: Pericles' Funeral Oration Thucydides, Pericles' Funeral Oration Most of those who have spoken here before me have commended the lawgiver who added this oration to our other funeral customs. Thucydides (c.460/455-c.399 BCE): Pericles' Funeral Oration from the Peloponnesian War (Book 2.34-46) This famous speech was given by the Athenian leader Pericles after the … [2] The speech was delivered by Pericles , an eminent Athenian politician, at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC) as a part of the annual public funeral for the war dead. He then goes on to highlight how Athenians are magnanimous towards others, generous in their help and confident in the validity of their institutions. Pericles’ funeral oration is often compared to the Gettysburg address, where in 1863 former US president Abraham Lincoln reflected on the greatness of a nation that owed much to the sacrifices of dead men. © Amusing Planet, 2021. Thucydides fervently supported Pericles but was less enthusiastic about the institution of democracy. Gill is a Latinist, writer, and teacher of ancient history and Latin. Pericles had a firm believe in his people and in their capabiltites to fight with any adversity. In the following speech, Pericles made these points about democracy: Baird, Forrest E., editor. He suggests that the war heroes have earned what he calls "the noblest of all tombs." N.S. It is not by chance that Churchill knew very well the work of Thucydides and Athenian prayer. The narrator, Gower, explains the story's setting in Antioch, where Pericles goes in search of a bride. In 431 BC, the end from the first season of the Peloponnesian War came. Many of those who before now have made prayers in this very place and seat, praised in great measure this ancient custom of praising before the people those who died in the war, but it seems to me that the solemn funeral rites which we publicly make today are the best praise of those who by their deeds have deserved it. Abraham Lincoln, Gettysburg November 19, 1863. 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