January 7 at 10:00 PM . Hamamelis virginiana (common witch hazel) is a 15- to 20-foot-tall shrub that flowers with yellow blooms from October to December. Uses: Common witch hazel is used as an ornamental woodland tree or as the back of a shrub border. It is an important ingredient of proprietary eye drops, skin creams, ointments and skin tonics[238]. A native of eastern North America, from Nova Scotia to the Carolinas and westward to Nebraska and Illinois, Virginia witch-hazel forms a large shrub or small, low-branched tree, up to 20 high and at least as wide. Applied filters: Zone 8 and Full Sun to Full Shade It is native in the Eastern half of the United States, and Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia in Canada. Shade Tolerant: Partial. A witch hazel tree does well in full sun or partial shade and sometimes grows wild as an understory tree in areas with rich, moist soil such as bogs. Witch Hazel is a deciduous shrub and forming a large span of spreading branches, yellow or orange blooms sleeve stems in winter. Prized for its profusion of sweetly fragrant flowers and its lovely fall colors, Hamamelis x intermedia 'Diane' (Witch Hazel) is a very eye-catching winter-flowering shrub. Hardy to -13 degrees Fahrenheit. Persian Witch Hazel will withstand dry conditions and exposure to wind once established. The flowers emerge in clusters that hug the stem, with yellow ribbon-like petals. Witch hazel bark is a traditional herb of the North American Indians who used it to heal wounds, treat tumours, eye problems etc[254]. They have wavy, sometimes toothed margins, and are elliptical in shape. Other Names: American witch-hazel, common witch-hazel, witch hazel. The beautifully fragrant flowers resemble yellow spiders on the branches as the petals are long and spindly, and this variety is the plant with the wonderful medicinal qualities that are so valued throughout the cosmetics and skin lotions world. See More. The Insomniac Gardener. Prefers full sun to part shade and will tolerate most soil types. Shipping Information. The graceful vase-shaped structure is just a bonus, with some varieties having additional attributes of fall color or fragrance. Usually they are not troubled by pests or diseases. A lovely shrub for the winter garden it also has lovely leaf colour in autumn. Witch hazel, Hamamelis virginiana, native to North America, is a shrub found all along the east coast, from Florida all the way up to Nova Scotia. Wisconsin Native: Yes USDA Hardiness Zone: to zone 3 Mature Height: 12-20ft Mature Spread: 12-15ft Growth Rate : Moderate Growth Form: Large shrub, irregular, round and upright branching Light Requirements: Full Sun to Full Shade Site Requirements: Performs best in moist sites, tolerant of wet soils, shade and poor soils. Once your soil is … Plant March-November. Leaves are simple and alternate, about 6” long, and dark green. It has yellow blooms with red centers that appear in winter to early spring. Watering: Let your soil dry to the touch down to about 2 inches in between waterings. The yellow, strap-like flowers of this native shrub are among the last blooms to appear in fall, but are often hidden by the leaves. Variety of Hazels at the nursery Hamamelis ‘Diane’ ‘Diane’ is a red-flowered form with spreading branches. In summer, its aromatic, irregularly shaped green leaves are a minor attraction. It typically grows 15-20’ tall with a similar spread in cultivation, but can reach 30’ tall in its native habitat. Doing well in woodland conditions of high shade, you can also site Witch Hazels in sun and they will thrive. Common witch-hazel is a large shrub with a picturesque irregular branching habit that naturally grows along woodland edges. Hamamelis vernalis (Ozark witch hazel) is a 6- to 10-foot shrub hardy in zones 4 to 8. It is hardy in zones 3 to 8. The large, rounded, dark green leaves often hang onto the winter branches. Topical treatments of witch hazel have been shown to be effective for treating acne. Witch hazel cuttings are not easy to root or keep alive. When adding shrubs to your landscape, try to use native plants such as the witch hazel. Special Features. These large deciduous shrubs bloom on bare stems in late winter. They used the distillate to treat sore muscles, cuts, insect bites, and other inflammations and tumors. May also be known as “Witch hazel”. They are forest understory plants, small enough for suburban properties but possibly requiring shade from the summer sun unless one can guarantee against drought. Until the last storm it shared the space with oaks, birches and beech trees, but several of those much taller trees fell, and now the slope is almost completely dominated by Witch Hazel. The native common witch hazel is an understory plant that becomes leggy if it has to reach for light, but in the open, it develops into a graceful, spreading shrub about 20 feet tall. Sun/Shade: Partial shade to full shade Soil: Clay, Sand, Loam Habitat: Deciduous forests, stream banks, clearings Canadian Distribution: Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island (see map above, from VASCAN) American Witch Hazel (Hamamelis virginiana) View Plant Witch Hazel is probably most popularly known for its use in medicine historically and today, … Witch hazels need good drainage. Its broad leaves turn a clear, bright yellow in the autumn. Witch hazels tolerate a range of light levels, from full sun to heavy shade. Witch Hazels develop nice green leaves where the crinkles of the veins look as though someone folded them perfectly across an axis. The bark, leaves, and twigs of the witch hazel tree contain the plant’s medicinal properties. Landscape Uses . It is an easy plant to espalier or grow flat against a wall or house. At maturity the Persian Witch Hazel is an irresistible shade tree. Witch hazel propagation can be difficult, and some horticultural expertise and experience is required. Pruning and caring are practices that will enhance blooming and growth. How to grow: Witch hazel does best in full sun to light shade and adapts to most soils. They can grow quite tall though mine are only babies at this stage and will grow in sun or semi shade. Basic Description. 2. Jelena Witch Hazel grows as a large shrub with a spreading habit and thrives in the shade. It easily reaches 11 feet (3.5 m) in height and diameter and sometimes up to 20 feet (6 m). Core Characteristics. A very astringent herb, it is commonly used in the West and is widely available from both herbalists and chemists[222]. Hamamelis mollis 'Goldcrest' (Witch Hazel) is a medium to large deciduous shrub with sweetly fragrant, golden yellow flowers in mid to late winter. Virginia witch-hazel also offers good fall foliage—the six-inch long, toothed, strongly-veined leaves turning attractive shades of yellow. Common witch hazel is known for its use as an astringent in cosmetics. “Witch hazel is an astringent produced from the leaves and bark of the North American Witch-hazel shrub (Hamamelis virginiana)…” “Native Americans produced witch hazel extract by boiling the stems of the shrub and condensing the steam to produce a distillate. Witch hazel grows very slowly, only 4 to 12 inches each year. 2. Varieties of Witch Hazel. Also known as Ozark witch hazel, this unique native shrub flowers from late winter into early spring, when little else is blooming in the landscape. Witch-hazel is a large somewhat suckering shrub that can even grow into a small tree over time. Witch hazel is a plant. Not only is it a great medicinal plant, but it’s a beautiful addition to any winter garden. Full sun-medium sun/average shade. A large shrub to small tree, Witch Hazel (Hamamelis virginiana) is a stunning plant that flowers in Autumn and into Winter. Although the advice is that witch hazels do best in a slightly acidic soil, they don’t need fully ericaceous compost and can cope with neutral soil, as long as you add plenty of … Special Usage. The tree’s thin tan bark can be peeled back to expose a red-purple shade inside. In the vernacular, common witch hazel is sometimes known as snapping hazel because when the seed pods ripen, the explosive discharge can send seeds flying up to 30 feet away. WITCH HAZEL Bare Rooted. Commercially produced witch hazel cultivars are generally grafted or budded onto Hamamelis virginiana rootstocks. Moist soil is preferred although average to moderate moisture will suffice. Grown from seed, it will reach a mature flowering size in six years. Its branches with smooth gray bark are fairly open and grow in a zigzag pattern, which makes for a lovely winter appeal. Light Level. The Witch Hazel likes acidic soil but grows in clay soil, as long as it's moist but well-draining. Description: Witch-hazel is a small deciduous tree or shrub best known for its late fall flowers and many medicinal uses. Height – 6 ½ to 16 feet (2 to 5 meters) Exposure – full sun, part sun Soil – rather rich. Once your soil is … Fragrant, Fresh Cut Flower . Hardiness Zone : 3,4,5,6,7,8. Generally, the Witch Hazel prefers well-drained soil and full to partial sun (4 to 6 hours of sunlight). Lots of beautiful specimens of the Persian Witch Hazel can be found throughout the Adelaide Hills. It typically grows to 8-12’ tall and to 10-15’ wide over 10 years. Watering: Let your soil dry to the touch down to about 2 inches in between waterings. At Direct Native Plants, we take many precautions to make sure your plants will arrive in the best condition possible. The leaf, bark, and twigs are used to make medicine. This interesting shrub blooms in the fall and some species bloom in the winter. Witch-hazel is a dazzling shrub that blooms in winter, as early as January.. Witch-hazel facts, a summary. Witch Hazel 'Diane', Chinese Witch Hazel 'Diane', Hamamelis x intermedia 'New Red' Previous Next. Foliage – deciduous Flowering – January to March. Witch-hazel is a multi-stemmed shrub that can grow to a height of about 16 feet (5 meters), and can tolerate shade. Autumn may really be the beginning of the season for Hamamelis however, because their leaves turn brilliant shades of yellow, orange, red or purple before falling to reveal their unique architectural structure. 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