lake victoria upsc

The famous Victoria Falls at the head of a long gorge is on this river. The most important ones are the Nile, the Congo, the Niger, and the Zambezi. Lake Chad at the southern edge in the Sahara Desert is in a region of inland drainage. The northern region raises cork oak, olive trees, cedars, and pines; in the south, laurels, cedars, and ironwood. Mount Stanley at Margherita Peak (5,119 m is the highest pick of this mountain system. Musgrave Range; The mountain ranges of northern region. Sahel region is an ecoclimatic and biogeographic zone of transition in Africa between the Sahara Desert to the north and Sudanian Savanna to the south. It is part of Alexandria’s Chain of Lakes with a channel on the north end to Lake Geneva and another at the southeast corner to Lake Jessie. Lake Manasarovar is a fresh-water lake in Tibet . The height is about 4,321 km from the mean sea level. Australia – Lake Eyre(salt lake) Africa – Lake Victoria, also the third-largest freshwater lake on Earth. Steppes bordering on deserts no trees are spotted, rather widely scattered bunches of grasses grow. Lake Kariba is situated in the southernmost part of Africa a Zambezi river. Situated on the St. Vincent Gulf. It covers an area of 1,54,000 sq. Consequently, all this action causes depressions within the zone that eventually leads to the formation basins that fill up with water to become lakes. for life in … A large part of Africa lies in the Northern Hemisphere. These are divided into three groups: The South African plateau as far as about 12°S, bounded east, west and south by bands of high ground which fall steeply to the coasts. Cities by ZIP Code™ For more rapid delivery, please use the recommended or recognized city names whenever possible for this ZIP Code ™. Lake Victoria is located on the east side of Alexandria, Minnesota and has a wishbone shape. The Montane vegetation of highlands, particularly in Ethiopia and the mountains of the Great Rift Valley are such examples. Petroleum at mouth, navigable, irrigation, Cairo, Giza, Khartoum cities are on River Nile. Africa Oil palms, rubber-producing trees and vines, orchids, and lilies are among the numerous kinds of plants found in these forests. Important Rivers of the World 1. It formed when westward-flowing rivers were dammed by an upthrown crustal block. “Three-quarters (76%) of these endemics are at risk of extinction,” IUCN warned in a statement. The African Great Lakes (Swahili: Maziwa Makuu) are a series of lakes constituting the part of the Rift Valley lakes in and around the East African Rift.They include Lake Victoria, the second-largest fresh water lake in the world by area, Lake Tanganyika, the world's second-largest freshwater lake by volume and depth, and Lake Malawi, the world's eighth-largest fresh water lake by area. Islands between Africa and Latin America –. The Doumeira Islands are situated northeast of Djibouti and east of Eritrea near the Bab el-Mandeb in the Red Sea. Separated from Europe by the Mediterranean Sea, it is joined with Asia at its northeast extreme end by the Isthmus of Suez 163 Km wide. In its report, the Switzerland-based organisation pointed out that freshwater species are important sources of food, medicine and construction material for the millions of people living in the area surrounding the lake. Lake Kainji. The major physical divisions of African continent are: The vast African continents are famous for its saucer-shaped and steep edged plateaus that are facing towards the coast and extending from Guinea coast to Somali Land and north Sahara to the Cape Province. Antarctica – Lake Vostok (subglacial) Asia – Lake Baikal (if the Caspian Sea is considered a lake, it is the largest in Eurasia, but is divided between the two geographic continents) These are regions that grow short grasses only. It is an extinct volcanic mountain situated in the northeast part of lake Victoria on the Uganda – Kenya border. Find out the 10 GK Questions and Answers on the Geography of Africa with an explanation for self-assessment which will be helpful for the competitive exams like UPSC/PCS/SSC/CDS etc. If you keep walking on the Mediterranean coast, starting from the coast of Egypt towards middle-east, you are likely to touch the coast of which of these countries en route? Lake Eyre. It covers an area of approx. It is situated on the northwestern part of the continent stretching over an area of 2400 km towards the southwest direction across Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia. Migingo is a small rock Island, located in Lake Victoria which is the largest lake in Africa and the largest Tropical Lake in the whole world. Lake Tana is on the Ethiopian Plateau. In some places, there is the tall elephant grass. Flinders Range. 4. Katanga Plateau Farming, ranching, resource-rich – copper and Uranium deposits, Ethiopian Plateau Lake Tana (Source of Blue Nile), cooler despite close to the equator, Bie Plateau Important for copper, Agriculture and cattle rearing, Adamawa Plateau Savannah vegetation, Bauxite deposits. The report pointed for instance to the African Lungfish, a long eel-like fish, which it said has seen its numbers dwindle due largely to overfishing, poor fishing practices and environmental degradation as wetlands are converted to agricultural land. A fresh report backed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) assessed the extinction risk of 651 freshwater species like fish, molluscs, dragonflies, crabs and aquatic plants native to Africa’s largest lake. Lake Superior is the second largest lake in the world. Geographic definitions of the Sahel region vary. From Lake Albert, it flows as the White Nile. The Equator passes through it. Facts about lakes in India. Africa is the second largest continent in the area (30,330,000 sq Km) which covers 6% of Earth’s total surface area and 20.4 % of its total land area. As a volcanic mountain it has a crater which is 610 m deep and 8 km across. It is one of the Great Lakes of Africa. It found that a full 20% of these species were threatened with extinction. It is quite obvious that as a large continent Africa experiences a highly variable climate. Lake Victoria. It has fully recognized 54 sovereign states. A noted African conservationist, Mordecai Ogada, has said that Tanzania’s deal with two Egyptian firms to build a dam on the Rufiji river flowing through the Selous Game Reserve is probably an inducement by Egypt to the East African nation to not dam rivers draining into Lake Victoria, the source of the Nile river, the lifeline of the Arab nation. Among the freshwater lakes of the world, it is exceeded in size only by Lake Superior in North America. [ January 6, 2021 ] Daily Current Affairs for UPSC IAS: 6th January 2021 Daily Current Affairs [ January 5, 2021 ] Daily Current Affairs for UPSC IAS: 5th January 2021 Daily Current Affairs [ January 4, 2021 ] Daily Current Affairs for UPSC IAS: 4th January 2021 Daily Current Affairs A team of Dedicated Mentors are at work to help you through Revision, Current Affairs, Test Series, Standard Notes to ace Your Dream to became an IAS ! This region continues over the Eastern Highlands and forms a wide area around the equatorial forests. Show Answer 72. It is also the highest peak of Lesotho. It is a man-made lake located between Egypt and Sudan. It is bounded by the Red Sea along the Sinai Peninsula to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The formation of rift lakes is tied to geological action. It is formed by a widening out of the eastern axis of high ground, which becomes subdivided into a number of zones running north and south and consisting in turn of ranges, tablelands and depressions. Lake Tanganyika: Rift valley lake which lies along the Tanzania, Zaire and Zambia. Deepest point of Australia. This is the Sudan type of climate and has tropical Grassland or Savanna vegetation. Africa is the only continent through which the Tropic of Cancer, the Equator, and the Tropic of Capricorn pass. It is in Egypt. It is the third largest lake of Africa and borders Tanzania, Mozambique. Objective Questions on Physical Geography and World G ... Lake Victoria [C] Lake Michigan [D] Lake Ontario. The High Veld of southern Africa is temperate grassland between 3,500 and 11,000 feet (1,070 and 3,350 m) above sea level. Page 8 of World Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. This flows from the Drakensberg Mountains into the Atlantic Ocean. Kilimanjaro with its three volcanic cones, Kibo, Mawensi, and Shira, is an inactive stratovolcano in north-eastern Tanzania. Nearly 12 m below sea level. These mountains are the highest in Southern Africa rising up at Thabana Ntlenyana at 3,482 m (11,422 ft) in height. Spotlight News Analysis by All India Radio-UPSC, Biodiversity & Environment Current Affairs. Keeping in view the prevailing weather conditions such as temperature, rainfall, humidity etc the climatic zones of Africa are: There are extensive areas in Africa where few people live and where natural vegetation and wild animals have not been disrupted by such activities as farming or the raising of livestock. Swamp and marsh also occur along the larger rivers and lakes of western and central Africa. Australia is the smallest continent that lies entirely in the Southern Hemisphere. Important Lakes in India for UPSC IAS PDF. Africa – Lake Victoria, also the third-largest freshwater lake on Earth. The Nubian Desert is the eastern region of the Sahara desert, between the Nile and the Red Sea. They yield pulp, timber, and such cabinet woods as mahogany, ebony, and teak. The river and its network of tributaries are not navigable because of rapids and waterfalls caused by the descent from the plateau to the coast. The range is again subdivided into high, medium, and Anti – Atlas group. It starts from many streams in the equatorial rainforest of the Lake Victoria and Ruwenzori Mountain (the mountains of the moon) region. The Sahara, the largest hot desert in the world, stretches across the entire width of North Africa. Algeria is Africa’s largest country by area, and Nigeria by population. It covers an area of 3,50,000 sq. It is also called the horn of Africa which extends several hundred kilometers into the Arabian Sea and lies along the southern side of the Gulf of Aden. This river is the chief river of West Africa. Lake Tanganyika and Lake Nyasa (Malawi) are the larger ones. It is the largest lake in Africa. It is the source of the white Nile. A variety of other trees tailored to life in muddy estuaries and tidal flats are found other than Mangrove. It is one of the Great Lakes of Africa. In fact, to this date, there is still fault actio… Streams start from the surrounding hills and flow into this lake instead of the sea. Grasses and low flowering plants grow only during the rainy months. ADELAIDE. The lake, which stretches into Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda and whose catchment also touches Burundi and Rwanda, is known for its high-level of unique biodiversity. A lake is a body of water of considerable size, localized in a basin, that is surrounded by land apart from a river or other outlet that serves to feed or drain the lake. Lake Victoria is the second-largest freshwater lake in the world. It is one of the biggest looks man-made like and it is the largest producer of hydroelectricity in Africa. Depending on elevation, latitude, and direction of the winds vegetation grows. They have multiple uses. It is deepest and second largest lake of Africa. miles and encroaching parts of Botswana, Namibia, Zambia, Angola, and Zimbabwe. Its main headstream may then have been the present Atbara River. Fig 2: Important rivers Lake Tanganyika is between Congo, Zambia, Burandi and Tanzania and Lake Malawi is … It is the only continent through which the Tropic of Cancer, the Equator, and the Tropic of Capricorn pass. It stretches across the south-central latitudes of Northern Africa between the Atlantic Ocean and the Red Sea. There is a string of lakes in the rift valley. The Nile flows from 3,000 kilometers through the dry Sahara Desert of Egypt and enters the Mediterranean Sea. Situated in the West of South Australia. East Africa. depth : 80 m. They are located about 1,500 km south of the capital, Algiers. The major countries contributing their land to Sahara deserts are Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Tunisia, Chad, Morocco, Eritrea, Niger, Mauritania, Mali, and Sudan. Police had earlier dismissed reports of the arrests, and said they had CCTV footage of Wine’s supporters deflating tyres of police motor vehicles, inciting violence and obstructing officers on duty. They are located in the eastern part of South Africa, running from some 1,000 km. The lakes of the rift valley. It contains countries such as Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia. ABOUT LAKE VICTORIA. miles. It begins in the rivers that flow into Lake Victoria (located in modern-day Uganda, Tanzania, and Kenya), and empties into the Mediterranean Sea more than 6,600 kilometers (4,100 miles) to the north, making it one of the longest river in the world. The Owners Association of Victoria Lakes, Inc. C/O Florida Property & Association Management, Inc. PO Box 440367 Jacksonville, FL 32222-0004 Our management company's office is located at: 4736 Blanding Blvd Jacksonville, FL 32210 Your association board has partnered with Nabr Network to bring you this website and mobile app! As a volcanic mountain it has a crater which is 610 m deep and 8 km across. The third division of the higher region of Africa is formed by the Ethiopian Highlands, a rugged mass of mountains forming the largest continuous area of its altitude in the whole continent. Lake Malawi. Geologically, Lake Victoria is relatively young at about 400,000 years old. 3,320,000 sq. This is what I did and it really helped me to score well in prelims (and in daydreaming and planning my dream itinerary of touring around the Globe- if I am ever able to save enough money and get Ex-India leave). But this is incorrect. It lies 2500 m above sea level. Lake Nasser is on the river Nile. Calculate Time and Cost. Lake Victoria, also called Victoria Nyanza, the largest lake in Africa and the chief reservoir of the Nile, lying mainly in Tanzania and Uganda but bordering on Kenya. Some of the well known mountain ranges are: Stretching over an area of 240 sq. River Limpopo also flows into the Indian Oceans, which crosses the Tropic of Capricorn twice. Get exclusive UPSC Resources that I only share with Telegram subscribers. Africa. The topic Major Rivers of the World is important, and UPSC aspirants might also encounter 1 or 2 questions related to important rivers in UPSC prelims. The Zaire basin is one of the wettest regions of the Earth and is covered with dense impenetrable jungle. Commonly, the Sahel stretches from Senegal on the Atlantic coast, through parts of Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Chad, and Sudan to Eritrea on the Red Sea coast. These forests contain several layers of vegetation. Mount Tahat is the highest peak (2, 918 m). The South African plateau is connected towards the north-east with the East African plateau. Increased aridity and longer dry seasons are the main features of tropical steppes. River Charl is the largest river in this area. Coarse grasses up to 12 feet (3.7 m) high and large woodlands of deciduous trees are found near the border of Tropical forest. Thorny acacias, dwarf palms, and jujube trees are found here. During its geological history, Lake Victoria went through changes ranging from its present shallow depression, through to what may have been a series of much smaller lakes. Largest river of Africa and passes through the equator. Its area is 26,828 square miles (69,484 square km). It is the source of the Blue Nile. The picture was, however, far darker when looking only at the freshwater species endemic to the area — 204 of those assessed, according to the report titled “Freshwater biodiversity in the Lake Victoria Basin”. Top 10 Lakes in India Climate Of Countries On The Equator. Lake Tanganyika. It is a physical separator between the extensive coasts of the Mediterranean and the Atlantic Sea and the Sahara Desert. Its size is 416 acres and has a maximum depth of 60 feet. It rises from the Fout Djllon Mountain quite close to the sea but flows north and then turns south again to form a wide arc. Different variety of shrubs and small trees, both deciduous and evergreen are grown. Australia is the smallest continent that lies entirely in the Southern Hemisphere. Important Cities. The Equator runs almost through the middle of Africa. Which of the above statements is/are correct? Savannas, covering perhaps one-third of the continent, consist of areas mainly growing grass. Mediterranean type of vegetation in Africa is found along the northern and southern coast. The slopes of the mountain are covered with thick evergreen forests. Kilimanjaro is the tallest free-standing mountain rise in the world rising 4,600 m (15,100 ft) from its base and includes the highest peak in Africa at 5,895 meters (19,340 ft). Mount Kenya is located in central Kenya, just south of the equator, around 150 km (95 miles) north-northeast of Nairobi. The Ahaggar Mountains, also known as the Hoggar, is a highland region in central Sahara, or southern Algeria near the Tropic of Cancer. World’s second deepest lake (1435 m ) after Ozero, Baikal and also the second largest lake of Africa. The top layer consists of the crowns of trees rising 125 to 250 feet (38 to 76 m) in height; the lower layers are arranged according to their height like shorter trees, shrubs, and vines respectively. It is half the size of a football pitch. km. Egypt is called the gift of the Nile because without the river it would have been a desert. Get exclusive UPSC Resources that I only share with Telegram subscribers. Some notable aquatic features through which the Equator passes include the Atlantic Ocean, Lake Victoria, the Indian Ocean, the Karimata Strait, the Makassar Strait, the Gulf of Tomini, Molucca Sea, Halmahera Sea, and the Pacific Ocean. Antarctica – Lake Vostok(sub-glacial) Asia – Lake Baikal(if the Caspian Sea is considered a lake, it is the largest in Eurasia, but is divided between the two geographic continents) The East African plateau, with probably a slightly greater average elevation, and marked by some distinct features. Away from the Equator to the north and south, rainfall decreases and there is a zone where there is a definite dry season unlike the equatorial region where it rains always. It is the southern most part of the continent and covers the countries such as Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, and Swaziland. Lake Victoria is at the border of Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania. At Khartoum, it is joined by the Blue Nile which starts from Lake Tana on the Ethiopian Highlands. The extensive area stretches from the Red Sea and the Horn of Africa to Mozambique including Burundi, Comoros, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mozambique, Réunion, Rwanda, Seychelles, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe. The Congo is the second-longest river in Africa. Finally, it joins the Gulf of Guinea on the Atlantic Ocean. The large area of Africa is covered by tropical rain forests or selvas type of vegetation covering less than a tenth of the continent with heavy rain throughout the year. Q1. Australia – Lake Eyre(Salt Lake) Africa – Lake Victoria, also the third-largest freshwater lake on Earth. It is extremely densely populated. The physiographic divisions of Africa are into the following six regions: It extends from Algeria in the north, through, the Canary Islands, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Ceuta, Egypt, Libya, Madeira, Melilla, Morocco, Sudan and Tunisia, It reaches up to Western Sahara. It is a gigantic horst of six separate glaciated masses which falls steeply westward to the Western Rift Valley. It is an extinct volcanic mountain situated in the northeast part of lake Victoria on the Uganda – Kenya border. It is the large landmass situated exactly in the middle of the continent covering Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, São Tomé and Príncipe. The plants are able to withstand long, dry summers with waxy, leathery leaves and long taproots develop here. Papyrus, tall grasses and lotus are the most common plants. For Previous Daily Quiz (ARCHIVES) – CLICK HERE The Current Affairs questions are based on sources like ‘The Hindu’, ‘Indian Express’ and ‘PIB’, which are very important sources for UPSC Prelims Exam.The questions are focused on both the concepts and facts. Lake Assal is situated in Djibouti and the lowest point in Africa. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Lake Victoria. ... 2 Year Package is the most ideal and highly recommended as the UPSC Cycle (Start … Africa is famous for its newly formed folded mountains. 6. Nile Sources: Tributaries of Lake Victoria, Africa Outflow: Mediterranean Sea Approx. Provide the origin, destination, and weight of your shipment to compare service details then sort your results by time or cost to find the most cost-effective shipping service. 5. River Zambezi flows into the Indian Ocean. Within a rift zone, such as the Great Rift alley, there is constant movement of the earth’s tectonic plates. 7. Largest and longest lake in India. Alphabetical list of countries in Africa –. To the south lay the vast enclosed drainage system containing the large Lake Sudd. Q. The highest peaks of the mountain are Batian (5,199m – 17,058 ft), Nelion (5, 188m – 17,022 ft) and Lenana (4,958 – 16,355 ft). Length (km): 6,690 … Mount Kenya is the highest mountain in Kenya, and the second-highest in Africa (after Mount Kilimanjaro). They even include many evergreens found in tropical rain forests, such as oil palms, rubber trees, and African ebony trees. The highest peak is Thabana Ntlenyana at 3,482 m (11,422 ft). Area : 68,880 sq. Mostly found along the African coast, but are most extensive along the Gulf of Guinea. The Jebel Toubkal is among such highlands or mountain whose height is 4165 m from sea level. There are spots of woodlands, scattered trees, or shrubs, depending on the length of the dry season. Nile River - Nile River - Physiography: It is thought that approximately 30 million years ago the early Nile, then a much shorter stream, had its sources at about 18° to 20° N latitude. These are mostly situated in the northern part of Chad and spread west into northern Niger and the Southern border area of Libya. Lake Victoria, also the second largest freshwater lake on Earth It is one of the Great Lakes of Africa. It is situated roughly at 100° E longitude covering countries like Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Saint Helena, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo. Wine and others were arrested on Kalangala Island in Lake Victoria, sparking protests at the site about 80 km (50 miles) southeast of Kampala. The Equator or 0 degrees latitude runs almost through the middle of the continent. The region under Montane forests yields valuable timber and cabinet woods along with bamboo and wild varieties of coffee and banana. Doumeira Islands, sometimes seen in news is located in –, a) Black Sea b) Red Sea c) Caspian Sea d) Mediterranean Sea. It is surrounded on all sides by the oceans and seas. The Kalahari Desert lies in the south and the Namib Desert is along the south-west shore of Africa. Maps form a very crucial part of UPSC preparation. The lake, which stretches into Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda and whose catchment also touches Burundi and Rwanda, is known for its high-level of unique biodiversity. miles the range borders Uganda and Congo (Kinshasa) and thought to be the “Mountains of the Moon. In some parts of the continent, large forest reserves have been established. Vegetation at oases includes date palms, fig-trees, willows, poplars, and tamarisks. Central Africa. The grass is thick and coarse. The coastal city Miami is located in which among the following countries? You’re going to remember Parts, Schedules of the constitution, Countries and adjoining Places, Organizations, Lakes and Seas, Important Passes, Tributaries etc. Three quarters of freshwater species endemic to East Africa’s Lake Victoria basin face the threat of extinction, conservationists, warning the biodiversity there was being “decimated”. Lake Victoria species under threat: report, National List of Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH) of India, Severe uranium contamination in India’s groundwater: Study, Recognition of Products under Geographical Indications, Copyright@IAS Abhiyan-2020 I All Rights Reserved. Prominent mountain ranges with some of the very high raised mountain peaks are the specialty of African Continents. These plates may push or pull towards each other depending on the type of force in play. miles approx. Your One-Stop Solution for All round UPSC Civil Service Exam Preparations. Its area is … Great Victoria Desert. It is situated on the block mountain between the two branches of the Great Rift Valley. India’s Best Online Website for IAS Exam Preparation. The report pointed for instance to the African Lungfish, a long eel-like fish, which it said has seen its numbers dwindle due largely to overfishing, poor fishing practices and environmental degradation as wetlands are converted … An example of Block mountain. It starts from the south-west of Lake Tanganyika and flows into the Atlantic Ocean. The mountain ranges of south, south-east. The height is about 4,321 km from the mean sea level. Lake Edward: Located between Uganda and Democratic Republic of Congo. To the north-west, in the Atlantic Ocean are the, West of Africa in the South Atlantic Ocean is the island of, All of them –British overseas territories, St. Helena Islands – the exile of Napoleon, Tristan De Cunha Island – the most remote island of the world. The island was the center of a low-level territorial dispute between Kenya and Uganda. Max. UPSC Recruitment 2021 for Assistant Director, Specialist Grade 2 Assistant Professor, Assistant Director and Other Posts, Apply @upsc.gov.in 23 hrs ago CBSE 10th & … The highest peak is 3,415 m. from mean sea level. There is virtually no rainfall here, and there are no oases. It is one of the Great Lakes of Africa. There is a wrong notion among some UPSC candidates that they can learn everything by heart as far as maps are concerned. The Nile River was critical to the development of ancient Egypt. Quickly get estimated shipping quotes for our global package delivery services. Lake Victoria, also called Victoria Nyanza, largest lake in Africa and chief reservoir of the Nile, lying mainly in Tanzania and Uganda but bordering on Kenya. Lake Michigan is one of the five Great Lakes of North America , and the only one in the group located entirely within the United States . In this Article of World Geography, I want to walk you through the Africa continent – World Geography For UPSC. Far as maps are concerned Western and central Africa they can learn by... Into this lake instead of the continent, consist of areas mainly growing.! The sea Ocean and the Red sea 610 m deep and 8 lake victoria upsc across and through. The famous Victoria falls at the Southern Hemisphere the tall elephant grass growing grass the center of a pitch! This is the second-largest freshwater lake in the south lay the vast enclosed drainage system containing the lake... Able to withstand long, dry summers with waxy, leathery leaves long... The gift of the continent, consist of areas mainly growing grass within a Rift,! Trees, or shrubs, depending on the block mountain between the coasts... Africa ( after mount Kilimanjaro ) algeria is Africa ’ s Best Online for. From many streams in the world, it flows as the Great Lakes of Africa the oceans and.! In play a Desert by heart as far as maps are concerned, also the second largest of... Maps form a very crucial part of UPSC preparation the surrounding hills and flow into this instead... Ruwenzori mountain ( the mountains of the Great Lakes of the Earth is. Africa ( after mount Kilimanjaro ) of grasses grow volcanic cones, Kibo,,. Cairo, Giza, Khartoum cities are on river Nile into this lake instead of the Earth and covered. The Montane vegetation of highlands, particularly in Ethiopia and the Southern edge in eastern. Without the river it would have been established from many streams in eastern! Only continent through which the Tropic of Capricorn twice % of these endemics are at risk of extinction, IUCN... 1,000 km are found other than Mangrove Mediterranean and the Red sea Minnesota and has a which! A football pitch the most important ones are the Nile because without the river it have. Plants are able to withstand long, dry summers with waxy, leathery leaves and taproots! 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