marie stopes wikipedia

[citation needed] Three months later she and Roe opened the Mothers' Clinic at 61 Marlborough Road, Holloway, North London, on 17 March 1921. File:Marie Stopes in her laboratory, 1904.jpg - Original (JPEG) This is a featured picture on the English language Wikipedia ( Featured pictures ) and is considered one of the finest images. London: Faber and Faber Limited. Marie Charlotte Carmichael Stopes (15 d'ochobre 1880 – 2 d'ochobre 1958) foi una autora, paleobotánica, investigadora, eugenicista escocesa, defensora de los derechos de la muyer y pionera nel ámbitu de la planificación de la natalidá. The issue of the gold pin device resurfaced in the Stopes-Sutherland libel case a few years later. Marie Charlotte Carmichael Stopes, nada o 15 de outubro de 1880 e finada o 2 de outubro de 1958, foi unha autora, paleobotánica, investigadora, euxenicista escocesa, defensora dos dereitos da muller e pioneira no eido da planificación da natalidade. This was an attempt to prove the theory of Eduard Suess concerning the existence of Gondwana or Pangaea. Nurses at Stopes' clinic had to sign a declaration not to "impart any information or lend any assistance whatsoever to any person calculated to lead to the destruction in utero of the products of conception". [85] She added that two "main dangers" stood in the way. In 1920 she sent a copy of her book, Radiant Motherhood—arguably the most explicitly eugenic of her books[original research? [14] The Government of Canada published her results in 1914. [63] In 1926, Stopes had Vectia printed under the title A Banned Play and a Preface on Censorship. The couple married in March and returned to England on 1 April that year. The Catholic community mobilised to support Sutherland, a Catholic, and Stopes publicly campaigned to raise £10,000. Four questions were put to the jury, which they answered as follows: Based on the jury's verdict, barristers for both sides asked for judgement in their favour, so it came down to legal argument. This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 23:20. [59] The general secretary of the Poetry Society, Muriel Spark, had an altercation with Stopes; according to Mark Bostridge, Spark "found herself lamenting that Stopes's mother had not been better informed on [birth control]". Marie Stopes International est une ONGI qui promeut la santé sexuelle et reproductive. [106][107] An English Heritage blue plaque commemorates Stopes at 28 Cintra Park, Upper Norwood, where she lived from 1880 to 1892. In 1934, she reflected: "I am a Life Fellow and would have much more interest in the Eugenics Society if I had not been cold shouldered". The clinic was run by midwives and supported by visiting doctors. But, to judge from her condition, Because of its themes of sex and impotence, it was denied a licence to be performed, despite Stopes's frequent efforts. Tacadóir luath leis an breithrialú ab ea Marie Stopes (15 Deireadh Fómhair 1880 (Dún Éideann) - 2 Deireadh Fómhair 1958). He proposed all patients would be married and that no abortions would be done, but his offer was declined. [108], British birth control campaigner and paleontologist, For the modern organisation that was named after her, see, The Marie Stopes International organisation, Fraser, H. E. & C. J. Cleal, "The contribution of British women to Carboniferous palaeobotany during the first half of the 20th century", in. [20] Less than two months later they were married and Stopes had her first opportunity to practise what she preached in her book. Stopes' newsletter Birth Control News, her book Married Love, and her organisation Marie Stopes International, were hugely important in Britain and throughout the British Empire. The child was stillborn; the doctors suggested the incident was due to syphilis, but an examination excluded the possibility. [35] Stopes explained that the object of the Society was: "...to counteract the steady evil which has been growing for a good many years of the reduction of the birth rate just on the part of the thrifty, wise, well-contented, and the generally sound members of our community, and the reckless breeding from the C.3 end, and the semi-feebleminded, the careless, who are proportionately increasing in our community because of the slowing of the birth rate at the other end of the social scale. WikiZero Özgür Ansiklopedi - Wikipedia Okumanın En Kolay Yolu . Autres discussions . [77], Stopes's enthusiasm for eugenics and race improvement was in line with many intellectuals and public figures of the time: for example Havelock Ellis, Cyril Burt and George Bernard Shaw. Her father, Henry Stopes, was a brewer, engineer, architect and palaeontologist from Colchester. [84], In Chapter XX of her 1920 book Radiant Motherhood Stopes discussed race and said that the "one central reform" was: "The power of the mother, consciously exerted in the voluntary procreation and joyous bearing of her children, is the greatest power in the world". [citation needed], In 1917, before meeting Marie Stopes, Humphrey Roe offered to endow a birth control clinic attached to St Mary's Hospital in Manchester. Her will left her clinic to the Eugenics Society; most of her estate went to the Royal Society of Literature. ", Archive letter to Cora Hudson 24 March 1934 (British Library, London, Marie C. Stopes's Papers'). [13], In 1907, Stopes went to Japan on a scientific mission. [96], In 1918 she married Humphrey Verdon Roe, the financial backer of her most famous work, Married Love: A New Contribution to the Solution of the Sex Difficulties. Stopes's passion to prove Suess's theory led her to discuss the possibility of joining Scott's next expedition to Antarctica. Rose, J. [74], In her biography of Stopes, June Rose claimed "Marie was an elitist, an idealist, interested in creating a society in which only the best and beautiful should survive,"[75][76] a view echoed by Richard A. Soloway in the 1996 Galton Lecture: "If Stopes's general interest in birth control was a logical consequence of her romantic preoccupation with compatible sexuality within blissful marriage, her particular efforts to provide birth control for the poor had far more to do with her eugenic concerns about the impending 'racial darkness' that the adoption of contraception promised to illuminate." Halliday Sutherland, Birth Control: A Statement of Christian Doctrine against the Neo-Malthusians New York, PJ Kennedy and Sons, 1922. It is part of the Early Pennsylvanian epoch Lancaster Formation. selon les recommandations des projets correspondants. Box, M. Her mother was Charlotte Carmichael Stopes, a Shakespearean scholar and women's rights campaigner from Edinburgh. She joined the Eugenics Education Society in 1912[78] and became a life fellow in 1921. Stopes was even remembered in a playground rhyme: Jeanie, Jeanie, full of hopes, [31][32] This was a serious issue for Roe; after their marriage, he and Stopes planned to open a clinic for poor mothers in London.[33]. The cost for Stopes was vast;[55] costs were partially compensated by publicity and book sales.[56]. A few months later, she asked Norman Haire, an Australian doctor, whether he would be interested in running a clinical trial of the device, as she had two correspondents who wanted to use it. Charles Bradlaugh was condemned to jail for a less serious crime.[48]. After another year, she sought legal advice about ending the marriage. Ihr Vater stammte aus einer wohlhabenden Brauereifamilie. In mid-1912 she delivered her results, finding for the Pennsylvanian period of the Carboniferous. During the First World War, Stopes was engaged in studies of coal for the British government, which culminated in the writing of "Monograph on the constitution of coal" with R.V. "In the two eventful years since they had met and married, Marie and Humphrey had discussed birth control, and looked for a way to work in that field. [60], Stopes wrote poems, plays, and novels; during the First World War she wrote increasingly didactic plays. In addition to a revival of Our Ostriches in 1930,[64] Stopes produced two other plays for the London stage, "Don't Tell Timothy," a musical farce produced in 1925-26,[65] and "Buckie's Bears," a children's Christmas pageant, allegedly dictated by her son, Henry Roe-Stopes, produced annually between 1931 and 1936. [95] On 11 May 1913, Stopes filed for divorce on the grounds that the marriage had never been consummated. Plantilya:Infobox scientist Marie Charlotte Carmichael Stopes Oktobre 15, 1880 – October 2, 1958) sarong parasurat na Briton, palaeobotanist asin taga kampanya kan eugenics asin karapatan kan mga kababaihan. Following attacks on "the essential fallacies of Malthusian teaching", Sutherland's book attacked Stopes. [37] In this connection our motto has been 'Babies in the right place,' and it is just as much the aim of Constructive Birth Control to secure conception to those married people who are healthy, childless, and desire children, as it is to furnish security from conception to those who are racially diseased, already overburdened with children, or in any specific way unfitted for parenthood. Discussion:Marie Stopes. Pages liées; Téléverser un fichier; Pages spéciales; Version imprimable; Informations sur la page; Dans d’autres langues. She unsuccessfully petitioned Neville Chamberlain to arrange for Douglas to receive a civil list pension; the petition was signed by Arthur Quiller-Couch, John Gielgud, Evelyn Waugh and Virginia Woolf, among others. Noël Coward wrote a poem about her, and she edited Lord Alfred Douglas' letters. Stopes's work had been associated with Charles Bradlaugh, who had been convicted of obscenity 45 years earlier when he had republished an American Malthusian text in Britain, which "advocated and gave explicit information about contraceptive methods". Passion to prove Suess 's theory led her to be dangerous Harry Stopes-Roe marie stopes wikipedia was in! Device and found it to be held in June ; not long before the conference, earned... Child was stillborn ; the doctors clashed over the method of birth—she was not allowed to.. Well-Intentioned meddlers Love ( 1918 ) was controversial and influential, and publicly! 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