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Several media outlets reported that Francis praised Abbas as "an angel of peace", though his actual words were the following: "The angel of peace destroys the evil spirit of war. [180] This was the first time that a pope had included women in this ritual; although he had already done so when he was archbishop. On the coins it would read, "Tribute from the Argentine People to Pope Francis." "[319], In July 2017 a group of conservative clergy, academics and laymen signed a document labeled as a "Filial Correction" of Francis. Nunzio Scarano", "Monsignor Scarano: Vatican forwards request to Italy", "Pope replaces cardinals serving on Vatican bank oversight commission", "12 months a pope: Francis's report card after a year at the top", "Apostolic Exhortation Evangelii Gaudium of the Holy Father Francis to the Bishops, Clergy, Consecrated Persons and the Lay Faithful on the Proclamation of the Gospel in Today's World", "Four cardinals openly challenge Francis over 'Amoris Laetitia, Pope Francis reforms Church law in marital nullity trials, Pope revamps ecclesiastical universities in new apostolic constitution, "Pope Francis Signs Motu Proprio to Prevent and Denounce Abuses in the Catholic Church", "New Apostolic Letter highlights St Jerome's love of Scripture", "Pope releases apostolic letter on Sacred Scripture", "Pope's New Encyclical 'Fratelli Tutti' Outlines Vision for a Better World", "Pope abolishes honorary title of monsignor for diocesan priests under the age of 65", "L'addio di papa Ratzinger: "Lascio per il bene della Chiesa". [213], On 8 December 2017, Francis signed a new apostolic constitution on ecclesiastical universities and faculties Veritatis gaudium, published 29 January 2018. He lived in a small apartment, rather than in the elegant bishop's residence in the suburb of Olivos. Bergoglio studied at the archdiocesan seminary, Inmaculada Concepción Seminary, in Villa Devoto, Buenos Aires, and, after three years, entered the Society of Jesus as a novice on 11 March 1958. He simplified the process for declaring matrimonial nullity. On 12 March 1960 the conclusion of his novitiate in the Jesus society, officially, Bergoglio became a result in this time, when he creates the religious profession. Among the faithful present at the morning Mass were seven married couples celebrating their 25 th and 50 th wedding anniversaries. The photo was produced by the agency AFP and it was initially published by the Crónica newspaper. Pope Francis welcomed the vice president, ... Mr. Pence presented his wife, daughter-in-law and other members of his delegation to the pope. [113] The photo was soon proved to be false. [79][84] In September 2005, the Italian magazine Limes published claims that Bergoglio had been the runner-up and main challenger to Cardinal Ratzinger at that conclave and that he had received 40 votes in the third ballot, but fell back to 26 at the fourth and decisive ballot. [111] Historian Uki Goñi pointed that, during early 1976, the military junta still had a good image among society, and that the scale of the political repression was not known until much later; Bergoglio would have had little reason to suspect that the detention of Yorio and Jalics could end up in their deaths. Pope Francis is the 266th Pope and sovereign of the Vatican City. [107] Oliveira met with him at the time and urged Bergoglio to speak out—he told her that "he couldn't. That is not the gospel." [336][337] During the 2016 United States presidential election, Francis said of Trump, "A person who only thinks about building walls, wherever they may be, and not building bridges, is not Christian. Pope Francis (Latin: Franciscus; Italian: Francesco; Spanish: Francisco; born Jorge Mario Bergoglio,[b] 17 December 1936) is the head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State. [257] The pope also nominated four cardinals over the age of 80. [253] The pope continued the practice of naming the Vicar of Rome and a curial prefect as cardinals, while naming his substitute for the Secretariat of State in anticipation of his transferral to a curial department. [269] The pontiff reacted with displeasure on 13 March 2020, at the news that the Vicar General had closed all churches in the Diocese of Rome. [43] After the completion of his term of office, in 1980 he was named the rector of the Philosophical and Theological Faculty of San Miguel where he had studied. The first eleven were under the age of eighty, and therefore, were eligible to vote in a future papal conclave while the last three were over the age of eighty, and thus, ineligible to vote in a papal conclave. ", "Pope Francis insists same-sex marriage 'disfigures God's plan for creation, "Plot thickens over origins of pope's civil union endorsement", "Mexico broadcaster: Pope's civil union quote not broadcast", "Pope Francis Calls for Civil Union Law for Same-Sex Couples, in Shift From Vatican Stance", "Vatican breaks silence, explains Pope Francis' civil union comments", "Pope Francis Endorses Use Of Force Against ISIS In Iraq", "Civil war in the Vatican as conservatives battle Francis for the soul of Catholicism", "Conservative criticism intensifies against Pope Francis", "How Pope Francis and his conservative critics may both be right", "Anti-reform cardinals 'want the Pope to quit, "Why Pope Francis scares some conservatives", "Why do some Catholics oppose Pope Francis? [123] On the day before his inauguration as pope, Bergoglio, now Francis, had a private meeting with Kirchner. Francis wrote that these ministries are fundamentally distinct from those reserved to ordained clergy. Wife watches husband’s decline from COVID-19 via FaceTime . "[356] The Vatican signed a treaty recognizing the state of Palestine. News. 23 September 2005. On the day of his election, the Vatican clarified that his official papal name was "Francis", not "Francis I", i.e. Most of the Argentine society cheered it, but the pro-government newspaper Página/12 published renewed allegations about the Dirty War, and the president of the National Library described a global conspiracy theory. De la Rúa asked the Church to promote a dialogue between the leaders of economic and political sectors to find a solution for the crisis. [12][13][14] Mario José's family left Italy in 1929 to escape the fascist rule of Benito Mussolini. [15] According to María Elena Bergoglio (b. "[165], This is the first time that a pope has been named Francis. Francis continued his previous practice of elevating cardinals from the peripheries with an emphasis again on Asia and Africa, such as Patrick D'Rozario from Bangladesh and Dieudonné Nzapalainga from the Central African Republic, while also naming the first three American cardinals of his papacy and only one Curial appointment. [365] While in Ireland he apologized for abuses by clergy in the United States and Ireland. [350] According to one expert on religion in Latin America, Mario Paredes, the pope's visit to Cuba was consistent with his aim to promote an understanding of the role of the Cuban Revolution and that of the Catholic Church. [265] He encouraged priests to visit patients and health workers;[266] urged the faithful not to forget the poor during the time of crisis;[267] offered prayers for victims of the virus in China;[268] and invoked the Blessed Virgin Mary under her title Salus Populi Romani, as the Diocese of Rome observed a period of prayer and fasting in recognition of the victims. Currently, Pope holds the citizenship of three countries; Argentina, Italy and Vatican City. [39] He was named provincial superior of the Society of Jesus in Argentina that July, for a six-year term which ended in 1979. Under his leadership, the number of priests assigned to work in the slums doubled. Associated Press. [82], After Pope John Paul II died on 2 April 2005, Bergoglio attended his funeral and was considered one of the papabile for succession to the papacy. [116], The Justicialist Party won the 2001 elections and got the majority in the Congress, and appointed Ramón Puerta as president of the Senate. ", Holderlin, Alessandro Manzoni, Dante Alighieri, Fyodor Dostoevsky, Jorge Luis Borges and J. R. R. Tolkien, Does Pope Francis drink alcohol? 45–46, Austen Ivereigh, The Great Reformer: Francis and the Making of a Radical Pope, Henry Holt 2014, Paul Vallely, Pope Francis: Untying the Knots, Bloomsbury, 2013, Sergio Rubin, "Regresó la misa en latín, con mujeres cubiertas por mantillas.". [414][415], Francis is played by Jonathan Pryce in the biographical drama film The Two Popes (2019) along with Anthony Hopkins who plays Pope Benedict XVI. Pope Francis … [274][275][276], In Evangelii gaudium Francis revealed what would be the emphases of his pontificate: a missionary impulse among all Catholics, sharing the faith more actively, avoiding worldliness and more visibly living the gospel of God's mercy, and helping the poor and working for social justice. When he was 12 years old, he fell in love with a girl from his neighborhood. [157], Francis held his papal inauguration on 19 March 2013 in St. Peter's Square in the Vatican. In 1966, he taught the same courses at the Colegio del Salvador in Buenos Aires. [119] Kirchner celebrated the national day elsewhere the following year and the Mass in the cathedral was suspended. [413], On 21 October 2020, the documentary Francesco directed by film producer Evgeny Afineevsky premiered. In addition, Esquire magazine named him as the "Best-dressed man" for 2013 for his simpler vestments often in tune with a modern simplistic design on sartorial fashion. Abbas' visit was on the occasion of the canonization of two Palestinian nuns. DID YOU KNOW? As an archbishop, Bergoglio celebrated the annual Mass at the Buenos Aires Metropolitan Cathedral on the First National Government holiday, 25 May. [145], Francis chose not to live in the official papal residence in the Apostolic Palace, but to remain in the Vatican guest house, in a suite in which he can receive visitors and hold meetings. "[188], Francis has overseen synods on the family (2014), on youth (2018), and on the Church in the Amazon region (2019). [203] In January 2014, Francis replaced four of the five cardinal overseers of the Vatican Bank, who had been confirmed in their positions in the final days of Benedict XVI's papacy. His Father Mario José Bergoglio was an Italian immigrant accountant born in Portacomaro (Province of Asti) in Italy’s Piedmont region. In May 2015, Francis met with Cuban leader Raúl Castro. [171] On 6 April he named José Rodríguez Carballo as secretary for the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life, a position that had been vacant for several months. [144] According to the Vatican, the pope "at least for now, feels at ease using Italian, the everyday language of the Holy See". He counters contemporary versions of the gnostic and Pelagian heresies and describes how Jesus' beatitudes call people to "go against the flow". [363] At the 2017 World Food Day ceremony, Francis reiterated that "we see the consequences [of climate change] every day" and that we "know how the problems are to be faced ... [t]hanks to scientific knowledge." During the COVID-19 pandemic, Francis canceled his regular general audiences at St. Peter's Square to prevent crowds from gathering and spreading the virus, which seriously affected Italy. pp. Francis maintains the traditional views of the Church regarding abortion, clerical celibacy, and the ordination of women, but has initiated dialogue on the possibility of deaconesses and has made women full members of dicasteries in the Roman curia. [247], At the first consistory of his papacy, held on 22 February 2014, Francis created 19 new cardinals. ", "Does Pope Francis have a master's degree in chemistry? [185][186] However, in April 2015 the investigation was brought to a close. Ordinary of the Ordinariate for the Faithful of the Eastern Rites in Argentina, full diplomatic relations between the United States and Cuba, Facultades de Filosofía y Teología de San Miguel, Milltown Institute of Theology and Philosophy, Sankt Georgen Graduate School of Philosophy and Theology, Pontifical Catholic University of Argentina, Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life, Theology of Pope Francis § Vatican II revisited, Theology of Pope Francis § Church leadership, Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, reform the U.S. [334], Since 2016, Francis has also been contrasted with US President Donald Trump,[335] elected that year, with some conservative critics drawing comparisons between the two. • On December 1969, Bergoglio was ordained as a priest. The Pope's demand came as a response to Festing and Cardinal Raymond Leo Burke firing Baron Albrecht von Boeselager from his position in the Order of Malta. [181] He also spoke out against those who give in to "easy gain" in a world filled with greed, and made a plea for humanity to become a better guardian of creation by protecting the environment. Some candidates were sexually active before their election as pope, and others were accused of being sexually active during their papacies. [204] Lay experts and clerics were looking into how the bank was run. [218], On 30 September 2020, he published the apostolic letter Scripturae sacrae affectus to celebrate the 16th centenary of the death of Jerome. Bergoglio often rose hours before his classmates to serve Mass for Czmil. [46][54], Bergoglio was named Auxiliary Bishop of Buenos Aires in 1992 and consecrated on 27 June 1992 as titular bishop of Auca,[7][58] with Cardinal Antonio Quarracino, archbishop of Buenos Aires, serving as principal consecrator. [384] A proposal to create a commemorative coin as a tribute to Francis was made in Argentina's lower house on 28 November 2013. [29][30], When he was 21 years old, he suffered from life-threatening pneumonia and three cysts. Bergoglio has said that, as a young seminarian, he had a crush on a girl he met and briefly doubted about continuing the religious career. [252], Francis presided over his fifth consistory for the elevation of 14 new cardinals on 28 June 2018. The pope continued his practice of appointing cardinals from the peripheries, such as Charles Maung Bo of Myanmar and Soane Patita Paini Mafi of Tonga. [19][20] His niece, Cristina Bergoglio, is a painter based in Madrid, Spain. [391] The Pontiff also used his op-ed to strongly critique those protesting COVID-19 restrictions.[392]. [249], Benedict XVI also attended the second consistory on 14 February 2015, at which Francis elevated 20 new cardinals, with 15 under the age of eighty and five over the age of eighty. The pope also continued his practice of bestowing the red hat on those from peripheries such as Madagascar, Pakistan, and Iraq, and like in 2016, created a priest as a cardinal. He has faced criticism from theological conservatives on many questions, including admitting civilly divorced and remarried Catholics to communion with the publication of Amoris laetitia. [258] Three of his appointees were only priests upon their nomination, therefore, two (Gambetti and Feroci) received their episcopal consecration, while one (Cantalamessa) was granted a papal dispensation from it. [176], In March 2013, 21 British Catholic peers and Members of Parliament from all parties asked Francis to allow married men in Great Britain to be ordained as priests, keeping celibacy as the rule for bishops. [177], Fouad Twal, the Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem, included a call in his 2013 Easter homily for the pope to visit Jerusalem. [207] On 24 November 2013, Francis published his first major letter as pope, the apostolic exhortation Evangelii gaudium,[208] which he described as the programmatic of his papacy,[209] On 18 June 2015, he published his first own, original encyclical Laudato si' concerning care for the planet. Ploumen. It has also been used by the newspaper Página/12. [156] He also wore the same iron pectoral cross that he had worn as archbishop of Buenos Aires, rather than the gold one worn by his predecessors. They're children of God and have a right to a family. Pope says it's because he's tone-deaf", "Pope Francis to live in Vatican guesthouse, not papal apartments", "Pope Francis opts for Vatican guesthouse instead of spacious papal apartment", "Habemus Papam! [361], In January 2017, Francis demanded the resignation of Matthew Festing, the 79th Prince and Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta. [383], In March 2013, a new song was dedicated to Francis and released in Brazilian Portuguese, European Portuguese, and Italian, titled Come Puoi ("How You Can"). He passed by a church to go to confession, and was inspired by the priest. Therefore, according to Cardinal Müller, divorced and civilly remarried can have access to the Sacraments of Reconciliation and the Eucharist only if they take on the duty of living in complete continence. Each of the five were under the age of eighty, and were thus eligible to vote in a papal conclave. [316][317] Francis subsequently announced that dicastery prefects would be appointed for a single five-year term, and replaced Müller at the end of his term in 2017 with Luis Ladaria Ferrer. [158] In his homily Francis focused on the Solemnity of Saint Joseph, the liturgical day on which the Mass was celebrated. Label Believe Digital and contains speeches by Francis and his predecessor, Pope Franziskus suggests bridge! 1936 [ 7 ] in September 2020, Francis named China 's human rights violations Nativity caught fire the after... And Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, have been similarly tense Pope also nominated four cardinals over the of... The following lists: 1936 births, Anti-poverty advocates and People from Buenos Aires in 1998 and was by... By any way considered an endorsement to the suffering of the encyclical Laudato si ' ( Praise be to )! Mario José Bergoglio was an Italian immigrant accountant [ 10 ] born Portacomaro! 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