solutions of deforestation in pakistan

Pakistani forests will vanish completely within 35 to 40 years if the government doesn’t take serious steps for protecting trees as well as forests. A Future Destroyed For A Bottle Of Honey! Over the years, the genocidal trend of slaughtering trees has triggered disastrous climatic changes in the country. Pakistan lost 14.7% of its forest habitat between 1990 and 2005 interval. The official Ramsar convention website states that peat lands are kind of wetland areas with a naturally accumulated layer of dead organic material such as moss which help with natural forest growth. Pakistan is not self-sufficient in wood based products and spends billions of rupees on import of wood and wood based products. Deforestation is a serious threat to our world despite it taking the backseat to more talked about issues. • Pakistan is the country with highest rate of deforestation in Asia. Deforestation In Pakistan. Since we have an invasion of mosquitos, dengue due to masses of filth, so plants beneficial to the environment should be promoted like Calendula or Basil as their leaves cure malaria, while chambeli or raat ki raani to work as mosquito repellents. Poplar trees are used for producing matches and are farmed as they need more water than is available in the jungles. Deforestation statistics for Pakistan. However, alarming rate of deforestation has eradicated the habitat of many species. Deforestation.. “Due to shrinkage of its route from 40km to 25km the food base of leopard will also suffer. Support the creation of plantation forests. Deforestation occurs when a land dominated by naturally occurring trees is converted to provide certain services in response to the human demand. Potassium As A Key Fertilizer In Combating Climate Change And Malnutrition. Annual deforestation rate is 1.68% in the country which is the highest deforestation rate in Asia. However, Sindh is a swamp area making it difficult to build a railway line unless those swamps are removed. On the other hand, more and more trees should be planted along the road sides. However, no official body in Pakistan is working on its implementation. “This model is providing conservation driven economic respite in a province otherwise stricken by terrorism and conflict.” Malik said. Therefore, in Pakistan, deforestation is a very serious ecological issue. The list of endangered species is lengthening on a yearly basis. After their scheming is done, they are planting palm trees for the beautification purposes? Question: What should be done to curb this problem? The area under forests in Pakistan is only 4.5% and many agricultural scientists stated that it should be almost 25-30% of total area of any country. Saleem was of the view that since 53,000 people are directly employed in the forestry sector and millions others rely on them for livelihoods and meeting domestic energy needs. Forestation on these kinds of wetlands reduce greenhouse gas emissions, keep carbon stored in the soil where it is, maintain water storage and perform purifying functions and conserve biodiversity in the area. According to Dr Ahmad Pheasants on Margalla hills and white headed ducks have most recently become extinct. Housing societies like Bahria town and DHA are planting palm tree just to beautify the environment. It looked like a ghetto. Usually, the poor forest soil which assists to produce a layer of rich material, may be that type of land is productive only for a few years but finally, it will be lost and require fertilization and nutrients. “Deforestation is a grave issue. Urbanization, farming, overgrazing, tourism development and timber mafia are the main reasons for deforestation. “Lower middle class cannot afford cylinder which costs around Rs 1400. Our mothers would then prepare ointments and would dry the herbs for teas, which cured various illnesses. Pollen allergy is on the prowl due to male paper mulberry plants in Islamabad. This route is called its home range where it feels safe and knows its surroundings. Industrialization followed by urbanization has accelerated this phenomenon. Solutions to Deforestation. Pakistan is facing problem of deforestation. Principally, a rural community mainly depends on the forests to access water, medicine, fuel as well as for food items. In search of quality food, it will be more exposed to the predator or human settlement. When I came to Pakistan, I realized none of the people knew about the trees growing around. Farm forestry has served as a very important way of afforestation in Pakistan. It’s mean that cutting huge numbers of plants have a direct impact on the environment which is directly contributing to the global warming. “I don’t think any conservation efforts will really save Pakistan’s fast shrinking forests as long as the government does not deal with the timber mafia with an iron fist.”, said Saleem. The next phase is National REDD+ strategy and its implementation framework, followed by raising awareness. The focus has to be the indigenous plants, like ever green popple tree and neem, that are really good for skin and their seeds are the best pesticide as well fertilizer in the world. The run for profitability on the grounds of deforestation is leading the world towards devastation and desolation. The REDD+ program is a voluntary, national-level strategy designed to give financial incentives to countries under the United Nations Framework Conventions on Climate Change (UNFCCC), in return for demonstrated, verified reductions in net Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions. Just avoid exotic plants that don’t belong here because firstly it’ll help counter pollen allergy and water crisis. Basically, we lived with nature and were taught how to protect it.We were also taught to embrace a healthy tree for, it will give one strength to face difficult periods. In most cases, deforestation focuses only on short-term gains and ignore the long-term consequences and problems. Qureshi lamented the rapid deforestation of mangroves, “Mangroves forests are surviving but will not thrive for a longer period.”. In hot summer days, people especially labors seek refuge in the shade of trees to avoid scorching sun. “They are very important for the health of the coastal ecosystem, serve as carbon sinks, protect the coast from erosion, and serve as the first wall of defense against disasters like tidal waves, storm surges and tsunamis.” told Muhammad Tahir Qureshi, Senior Advisor Coastal Ecosystem at Coastal & Marine Program. “Uncontrolled urban sprawl due to urbanization is causing horizontal expansion of cities at the cost of agricultural land, orchards and forests,” said Dr. Malik Asghar Naeem head of department of urban planning at National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), “Mushroom growth of unplanned housing schemes in most of the cities are eating away our forests that may lead to the issue of food insecurity in near future.”. Question: Any message you’d like to give? Coastal communities were involved in planting operations and maintenance of the mangroves’ young plantations. They explained that the project is funded by forest carbon partnership facility with the World Bank as trustee to the fund. Share: Share. This tree laden plateau with rich biodiversity and temperate temperature attracted General Ayub Khan to this place. The new ideology spells out that forest is our essential life support system.”, told Tariq. There is a need to keep a check on such activities before it is too late to act. We can try to replicate such kind of model here in Pakistan with desired amendments. Very rarely does one read that the cause is not due to global climate change, but the massive deforestation that this terrain has borne”. “We want to inculcate in people that conserving forest is their source of livelihood not cutting them,” told Irfan Tariq, Director General of environment at the ministry of climate change. They don’t even produce dates or provide enough shade. They trap energy in the atmosphere causing the temperature to rise. How they can serve trees and in reciprocity the trees will serve them. “Even though there is enough space for tree growth along the border of the lands, owners were too skeptical to use that area for farm forestry” explained Nasir, “for they suspected government is going to own their land.”. Process of decreasing greenery. You have to work all day and in return spend the money wisely” Raja told, “If I use cylinder, it would cost me a lot so wood is the best source (of energy).”. They are an asset for the ecosystem as they serve in water filtration, storm protection, flood control and recreation as stated in WWF website. Later, during Ayub Khan’s era, a lot of eucalyptus was planted and promoted as a mosquito repellent throughout the country. The roots of eucalyptus are greedily searching water in the ground even wandering off to the gutters and depleting water reservoirs rapidly, paving way for the uglier forms of water scarcity. The Forest department in the ministry of climate change suggests that provincial governments should pick up the matter. Scholarships, Global UGRAD – Global Undergraduate Exchange Program USA, Pakistan Council for Science and Technology, Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources. “Since the opening of Karakorum Highway in mid-eighties, timber mafia non-stop turned the slopes barren. Certain soils are not appropriate for agriculture, such as the nutrient-deficient soils of rainforests as well as acidic soils. Mangroves depletion is not only aiding the sea intrusion but also depriving local communities from generating their income. “All Provincial and Territorial governments shall provide incentives for promoting farm forestry by promoting private investments.” Farm forestry has served as a very important way of afforestation in Pakistan. Cutting number of plants have a lot of unfavorable consequences which can bring more droughts in Pakistan and after that, there would be no plants to protect the ozone layers. Imran Khan led government in KPK introduced alternative energy sources other than wood to curb deforestation. The landscape of Pakistan has always championed the diversity in flora and fauna. March 18, 2018. I contacted Malik Riaz to inform him about this wrong decision of planting palm trees but he didn’t listen. Deforestation increases the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere as plants filter the carbon dioxide gases out from the air and release oxygen. Major reason for it is unchecked use of timber resources due to the population pressures.” Salam said, “Rapid urbanization has stripped urban areas of their green cover to clear land for settling the new arrivals.”. According to Saleem, timber mafia has already devoured vast tracts of forests in Pakistan and constitutes biggest threat to the existing forest resources. Agricultural, industrial activities, logging, fire, tourism development and mining are other reasons of deforestation. “You see even Afghan bastis (slums) have started using solar power which is not very costly and one can transfer to this mode of energy easily, in order to save trees from being cut”. They operate without license in the dense forests of Pakistan to benefit their own business and accumulate millions of rupees in their pocket through illegal cutting of trees. Environment of Islamabad is not favorable to the growth of bearing good quality palm trees. This phenomenon is called greenhouse effect. December 18, 2013. The main reasons of deforestation are urbanization, farming, overgrazing, and tourism development. Other provinces of Pakistan should also follow ‘Tree tsunami’ concept as KPK government announced to plant one billion trees by the end of 2017. We human beings should conserve the forest not only for the moral reasons but also for the selfish reasons. Deforestation is the replacement of forested areas to non-forest land for use such as cultivatable land, grazing land, desert, urban use, rural use or industrial use. Your email address will not be published. Pakistan had 340,000 ha of planted forest. Right at the end where the river starts, forests were coming down the valley, springs gushing around rolling over the rocks and stones in between wild grass and flowers the environment full of fragrances, giving a soothing effect. Humans follow the food chain as secondary consumers so they indirectly consume pesticides too which militates against their health. This campaign may be more fruitful if awareness spread among the students of schools, colleges, and universities. After coming into power in KPK and taking the role of opposition in the centre, Imran Khan announced “billion tree tsunami” campaign to combat climate change. Green methods of production and utilization of resources can immeasurably reduce deforestation. What are your views on that? Helga Ahmed, an environmental activist, striving for the preservation of forests especially in the Gilgit Baltistan region explained the massive deforestation in the region that was carried out in eighties and is now reaping the results in the form of frequent floods. Question: When was the first time you realized there is a need to come forward and work for the nature and environment of Pakistan? • About 30% of the world land is covered with forest and Pakistan contributes a little to it. This diversity according to Pakistan Forests Institute (PFI) ranges from 2000-3000 meters long consisting of thousand year old juniper trees in Suleiman range to Alpine pastures in the Deosai plains. Apart from the degradation of human lives, deforestation is affecting animals and insects, which are displaced from their natural habitats to find alternative ones. The government should promote “Green building designs and constructions” for every organization and every organization should have been given an annual target of tree plantation. Sensing the dire need to conserve the forest cover and playing politics to score high on his national achievement card, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif announced the “Green Pakistan Programme”. However, United Nations Food and Agriculture organization (FAO)’s state of forest report documents a mammoth increase to 41000 hectares deforestation rate per year in Pakistan. This will conserve our ecological zones”, he added. July 18, 2017. We also use native wood to build roof of our buildings, which would otherwise be very costly if we buy it from market.”d. Typically, deforestation is clearing a lot of trees without the intention of establishing future growth. Anybody call for specific solution at … Deforestation 2. He counted scarcity of fresh water, marine pollution, industrialization and urbanization in coastal areas as factors depriving coastal areas from mangrove trees. In his view, the unprecedented progress in technology has opened the vistas to have strict check and balance of cutting trees but nothing is done to curb the problem. After becoming the member of committee I again visited Swat in 1996. According to Environment protection agency, over the years, industrialization has caused massive emission of carbon dioxide and other gases into the air. Burn and slash techniques are habitually used to clear the rainforest land, nutrients locked up in vegetation to release when the trees are cut down and then the area is burned. “Each of Pakistan’s five provinces has its own forest law, intended to regulate forest conservation and timber harvesting according to local needs,” told Mohammad Saleem Deputy Director Media & Communications at the Ministry of climate change “But these are routinely ignored - often with the connivance of local politicians, some of whom encourage their constituents to cut down forest, sell the wood, and turn the land into profitable plots for farming or construction.”. The significant number of ruinous illnesses cure can be found right now in various trees & herbs, but might be in future deforestation may remove everlasting the ability of something to discover which could be benefited for the human race in the coming years. Due to settlements, whole area and its natural environment vanished completely. The damage inflicted by deforestation on biodiversity is so great that it cannot be gauged in financial terms. This disturbance will not only distort the food web of animals but also affect the quality of human lives. The announcement has been made but the initiative is still to be planned and implemented.”. Moreover, this model is based on the “Great green wall programme” of China in which Chinese government aimed to combat desertification by planting 100 billion trees along the northern part of China’s Gobi desert. Other than hydro-power stations, solar energy would also serve the alternate purpose of providing fuel. Solutions. “At first the ideology was to cut trees for livelihood but now the paradigm shift is occurring. As a consequence to deforestation and changing land use patterns, the most critically affected ecosystems of Pakistan are: These societies are depriving labors from that cool shade as well. Ban on cutting of trees and new trees and planting more. This paper assesses the present forest wood consumption rate by 6000 brick kilns established in the country and its implications in terms of deforestation and emission of greenhouse gases. Dr Pervaiz Amir, senior economist and environment expert, blamed the lack of political will to tackle this problem. Government initiated the plantation drive without any background information about plant’s species and their compatibility with the envionment. deforestation 1. Deforestation: Consequences & Solutions. Disputes, pollution, deforestation — what it’s like to live near CPEC project in Pakistan China insists that BRI projects, of which CPEC is the centerpiece, are strictly vetted for environmental impacts and meant to benefit the locals. Any organization who is doing well for the environment should be benefited by the government as a reward for example, by giving relaxation in the tax. Pakistan’s forest resources are shrinking at a rate of one percent which will have dreadful effects on the people of Pakistan. According to Dr Baig, mangroves are the marine nurseries where fish, shrimp and crabs spawn and because they are in the inter-tidal zone, then these are washed into deeper sea to nurture marine life. They are built at the cost of cutting trees and vegetation. It is the conversion of forested land to non-forested land by humans. Communities need to carefully consider the benefits and costs those who want to clear forest land for the agricultural or another purpose. Forests reduce the pressure and flow of the water and hence a reduction in losses. The irony of our country is that capital is rapidly planting palm trees. - by Sami Khan - 3 Comments. Dr. Anis ur Rahman, Chief Executive Officer of Himalayan Wildlife Foundation (HWF), an NGO working for the conservation of biodiversity in Himalayas, said that capital was shifted from Karachi to Islamabad because of this beautiful and serene environment. View global warming and deforestation.pdf from MANAGMENT 156 at International Islamic University, Islamabad. Now the question is how to control over deforestation in Pakistan. According to UN-REDD.org, the main aim of this initiative is to increase the total area of forests in the country which stands at 4.34 million hectares (5 per cent of total land) only. Question: Did you ever serve in government for forestry? Deforestation is a serious problem for every country these days. January 19, 2012. Minimal efforts have been done so far by Federal Government to restore the trees and probing the deforestation. Consumption for accelerating livestock and crops deforestation encourages higher levels of water use. Another reason for planting eucalyptus was that British planned to plant trees along a new railway line from Karachi to Khyber by engaging German foresters. Pakistan Forest Information and Data According to the U.N. FAO, 2.2% or about 1,687,000 ha of Pakistan is forested, according to FAO. Deforestation rate in Pakistan, estimated at 0.2 per cent to 0.5 percent annually, is the highest in the world, which accounts for a 4-6 percent decline in its wood biomass per annum. Experts have often related the fall and decline of past civilisations to environmental degradation resulting from deforestation. At first, they were receptive about the initiative of substituting Neem seed as fertilizer and pesticide but later pesticide lobby brainwashed them by planting malicious ideas into their minds that were completely against farmers interests. Deforestation: The human and economic costs, Environmentalist Helga Catrina Ahmad explains how the invasive alien species of plants are causing environmental harm to. With one of the highest rates of deforestation in the world, Pakistan’s forests are in urgent need of protection and conservation. Deforestation is one of the most pressing environmental issues that the world is facing currently. 0 Comments. Otherwise our basic necessities, our economy and our very existence could be in danger”, added Saeed. Green Solutions for Pakistan. Pakistan is currently in its first phase of action which is preparedness. Pakistan institute of forests (PFI), in 2004 recorded deforestation rate in the country at 27000 hectares per year. If you’re ready to join the movement to protect Forests, Wildlife, and Our Climate, here’s how you can start: Support efforts to amplify the voices of Indigenous Peoples and traditional forest communities. It was also our classroom during the warmer season, as schools were turned into hospitals. The underlying causes of deforestation, identified are as follows: 1. Dengue and malaria has infected the population. Pakistan is a semi arid country with less than 4% of its area under forest cover.At the global level, WWF is lobbying governments to establish an ecologically … Particularly, it’s the focus on re-using items, reducing the use of artificial items, and recycling more items. Deforestation is affecting Pakistan and the whole world as biodiversity extinction, indigenous people annihilation, and global climate change. Causes.3. We can’t apply one size fits all formula to this”, he added. According to an estimate, 39,000 hectares of forests are lost every year. Effects Of Head Trauma From Intimate Partner Violence Largely Unrecognized, Samsung Display Showcased Under-Screen Camera Tech For Notebooks, Cell companies mull tariff plans after 3G tech, SCA demands Rs100b in the next budget for agri-sector, Fawad To Initiate Scholarship Program For Schoolchildren, Three International Scholarships Deadline Is Near: HEC, A Vibrant Hub With Over 100 Fully Funded Ph.D. Moving forward: solutions to deforestation. Take Action for a Deforestation-Free Future. Especially, those lands which are cleared along with the residential areas by involving various environmental public private departments by planting the trees and development of public parks. For, if we don’t protect our nature then who is going to protect us. Gilgit-Baltistan could apply other alternative energy sources in order to curb deforestation in the sense of local efficiency. Moreover, we must replace flower pots with hedges, trees and shrubs as the stagnant water in pots becomes a breeding place for mosquitos. With the PM led government being engulfed in the recent Panama Paper crisis, this initiative has been shoved aside as Inspector General Forests Syed Mahmood Nasir said, “Nothing concrete has been started yet. Although some have less and some have more lack of plants. Take a closer look at deforestation here. According to Nasir entire match industry is in works due to poplar farming. Domestic energy needs combined with poverty serves as a powerful motivation and factor to cut the forests to satisfy local needs. The death of animals and plants can lead to a partial loss of human life. Forests are helpful in absorbing the flood water and water gets managed up in a good way. Deforestation is caused by various anthropogenic factors, forest fire and fragmentation of large contiguous forests. Although the government of Pakistan and NGOs has taken steps to halt environmental degradation, Pakistan’s environmental issues still remain same. He said, “Goral goat which is native of Margalla hills has completely vanished from the Margalla hills.”. Pakistan welcomed the Ramsar Convention for wetlands in 1973. “Our outreach would be to a diverse set of stakeholders including students, academia, local communities and policy makers so it will be a mix of all segments of our society”. Effect.4. The programme plans to plant 100 million trees in the country this year. Tree cover loss data for Pakistan "Tree cover threshold" is used for defining the tree cover area. 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