When was the Luxor Temple built? A stunningly beautiful double colonnaded court was added by the 19th Dynasty pharaoh Ramses II (reigned 1290 - 1224 BC). This type of sandstone is also referred to as “Nubian Sandstone” and was quarried in the South-West of Egypt. It appears that the temples main purpose was to establish a suitable setting for conducting rituals of various festivals. A stunningly beautiful double colonnaded court was added by the 19th Dynasty pharaoh Ramses II (reigned 1290 - 1224 BC).