who won the battle of granicus

There are no available Persian accounts of this event either. Subsequently, Alexander attacked the Persians employing the Oblique Battle-Array strategy which he learned from his father, Philip. He had achieved a great victory that day and the news of this defeat would reverberate all throughout the Persian Empire. Additionally, credit should be given to the weapons of his army. Dictionary entry overview: What does Battle of Granicus River mean? Alexander the Great Wins the Battle of Granicus: Alexander Beats the Persians at the Granicus River. The battle was won, and I doubt any attempt was made to try to falsify its record—not now, at any rate. Combine this fatal mistake along with Alexander’s superior tactics, oblique battle array, and you have a severe defeat experienced by the Persians. According to the several historians chronicling the campaign, the Granicus was approximately 60-90 feet wide, with a strong current, varying depth, and steep irregular banks, especially on the eastern side of the river. He was exposed to some of the most danger and according to ancient sources one time during an engagement with a Persian cavalry he was able to duck just quickly enough so that the plume and part of his helmet was taken off. It was the victory at this first battle that would give him the momentum to ultimately claim the rest of the Persian Empire. After recouping the and planning Alexander decided to move his army south and east along the shore of the Aegean Sea. As Alexander marched through Anatolia more and more cities peacefully accepted his rule. Upon stabilizing rebellious conditions among the various Greek city-states, he crossed the Hellespont and travelled along the northern coast of Anatolia (present-day Turkey) avoiding the mountain ranges … Alexander with his Hetairoi attacked towards the center at the left of the Persian formation. A horrible battle ensued between the forces but Alexander was able to push through the forces and establish a position on the opposite shore. The Persian cavalry moved into formation right along the river banks and was ready to assault the invading Macedonian army as soon as they emerged from the shallow water. After the victory Alexander sent back to Greece an account of the engagement along with 300 suits of Persian armor taken from the battlefield. Alexander then came upon an army of Greek mercenaries who were fighting for the Persians. 16; Diod. won the Battle of the Granicus first of three major battles fought between Alexander the Great and the Persian Empire. Want to learn more about how Alexander the Great's military functioned and the strategy behind why it was so successful? Most telling, Alexander’s use of the versatile Battle Array tactic totally collapsed the hopes of a Persian victory. Who knows if these stories are true or not, but there is no reason to doubt their authenticity as this was the nature of Alexander the Great's Campaign. Worldhistory.us - For those who want to understand the History, not just to read it. Usually the switch of territory often involved the removal of the Persians in charge of running the cities. Alexander had come to Asia with no supplies, hardly any money and intended to forage and scavenge what the army needed as he conquered along the way. After the Battle of the Granicus many of the countries he encountered along the way surrendered without a fight. After the death of his father Phillip II of Macedon (r. 359-336 BCE), Alexander set his sights on the Persian Empire seeking revenge, or so he claimed, for the invasion of his homeland by Darius I and Xerxes during the Persian Wars. Arrian wrote: He himself led the right wing with sounding of trumpets, and the men raising the war-cry to Enyallus. New York & London: Harper & Brothers, Click here to learn about Alexander the Great's military, 32,000 infantry (12,000 Macedonians, 7,000 other Greeks, 5,000 mercenaries, 7,000 Odrysians, Triballians and Illyrians, and 1,000 archers), 5,100 cavalry (1,800 Macedonians, 1,800 Thessalians, 600 other Greeks, and 900 Thracians and Paeonians). Himself led the right wing with sounding of trumpets, and the news of this either. The second Great battle of the Aegean Sea do so, after all within government! Families were given exemption from taxation within the government citadels and confiscating government! 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