The Greek Government, aided by the EU, has funded major infrastructure projects such as the state-of-the-art Eleftherios Venizelos International Airport, the expansion of the Athens Metro system, and the new Attiki Odos Motorway. The colloquial name Roumeli or Rumelia means “the land of the Rūm (Romans)” as it originally referred to the land seized by the Ottoman Empire. The Parthenon in Athens, Greece #2 She is one of the twelve Olympian Gods. Due to the mountains in Greece all these city-states were split up and therefore they all had different practices and cultures. However, there are also nice beaches on the northeastern side of Attica, such as Marathon and Schinias. . Athens incorporates architectural styles ranging from Greco-Roman and Neoclassical to modern times. The Saronic Gulf lies to the southwest. Also, it is washed by underground rivers, such as Iridanos, Kifissos, and Ilissus. Named after Athena, goddess of wisdom and knowledge, Athens has been continuously inhabited since the Bronze Age and is generally considered to be the cradle of Western civilization. View the map of Athens with the main villages, beaches, and sightseeing. the Jewish Museum of Greece, a museum which describes the history and culture of the Greek Jewish community. The dominant feature of Athens' climate is alternation between prolonged hot and dry summers and mild winters with moderate rainfall. Do you have a question about Greece and the Greek islands? The Temple of Hephaestus is the best-preserved of all ancient Greek temples. Do you like Having been inhabited for over 4,000 years, Athens has been submitted to nearly every form of government known to this day: monarchy, democracy, socialism, capitalism, even communism. Athens is affected by the urban heat island effect in some areas which is caused by human activity, altering its temperatures compared to the surrounding rural areas, and bearing detrimental effects on energy usage, expenditure for cooling, and health. A series of measures taken by the authorities of the city throughout the 1990s resulted in the improvement of air quality; the appearance of smog (or nefos as the Athenians used to call it) has become less common. The Cephissus river, the Ilisos and the Eridanos stream are the historical rivers of Athens. It is the most populous region in … It is in the prefecture, or division of the country, of Attica. The city started to decline in 529, when the Emperor Justinian I closed its philosophical schools. Imagine you are a traveler in Ancient Greece. This caused lack of development of Sparta's navy and they paid dearly for it in confrontations with Athens later in history. The Acropolis of Athens and its monuments, encompassing approximately 7.4 acres in total, are located on a hill above Athens that offers a glimpse into the life and times of the Ancient Greeks. During the fight for independence, it had been entirely evacuated in 1827, and six years later it held perhaps 4,000 people in the straggle of little houses on the north slope below the Acropolis. The left one is a modernist building of the 1930s, while the right one was built in the 1950s. 4. Statue of Theseus at Thiseio. Homer is a mystery. Greece has the longest coastline in Europe and is the southernmost country in Europe. And more? All over the city can be found several statues or busts. It is one of the most famous cities in the world. Greeka? Greece Facts | Greek People. The urban heat island of the city has also been found to be partially responsible for alterations of the climatological temperature time-series of specific Athens meteorological stations, because of its impact on the temperatures and the temperature trends recorded by some meteorological stations. It is located in Central Greece in the southern part of the region of Attica. It also had its own Constitution. The history of Athens is one of the longest of any city in Europe and in the world. Concord University was founded in 1872 by veterans from both sides of the American Civil War. The peninsula of Attica is the highest-populated region of Greece. Some nice parks also dot Athens, such as the National Gardens, the Antonis Tritsis Park and the Park of Veikou Hill. Mount Parnitha is the tallest of the four mountains (1,413 m (4,636 ft)), and has been declared a national park. 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