The American sponsored UN Security Council Resolution on Somalia in December 2006 prepared the grounds for an Ethiopia invasion of Somalia.This resolution authorized the deployment of an African Union force, excluding Ethiopia, Kenya, and Djibouti from participating in the force due to their conflict of interest in Somali affairs. This conflict however held significance greater than most territorial disputes because Ethiopia was backed by the Soviet Union and Somalia was supported by the United States, thus bringing the Cold War to eastern Africa. The offensive started without a declaration of war, undermining the Ethiopian state and the international code of war. But the impact of the Cuban intervention goes wider still. Fighting erupted as Somalia sought to exploit a temporary shift in the regional balance of power in their favor to occupy the Ogaden region, claimed to be part of Greater Somalia. Why? It exposes a secret deal cut between the United States and Ethiopia to invade Somalia. The Ethiopian–Somali conflict is a territorial and political dispute between the territories of present-day Ethiopia and Somalia.Lasting from the late 1940s, when the Ogaden region was handed over to Ethiopia by the British, into the present day, the tensions culminated in three wars and numerous military clashes alongside the borders. The Ogaden War was a conventional conflict between Somalia and Ethiopia in 1977 and 1978 over the Ogaden region of Ethiopia. In 2006 Ethiopia decided to invade its neighboring country, Somalia. Well there are many components to take into account. Italian General, Emilio De Bono invaded Ethiopia from Eritrea (which was, like Somalia, also an Italian colony) establishing the Northern Front. Majority of Somalia nationals think Ethiopia's invasion and alleged interference is the cause of instability in the Horn of Africa country. If accurate — and there is no reason to believe the contrary — the cable suggests that Ethiopia had no intention of invading Somalia in 2006 but was encouraged/pressured to do so by the United States which pushed Ethiopia behind the scenes. Italian General, Emilio De Bono invaded Ethiopia from Eritrea (which was, like Somalia, also an Italian colony) establishing the Northern Front. On the ninth of August 1996, Ethiopia launched heavy military campaigns both on land and in the air against the city of Jidu in Southern Somalia. The 2006 war in Somalia did not go well either for the United States or Ethiopia. The intervention culminated in the so-called Battle of Mogadishu on Somalia intervention, United States-led military operation in 1992–93 mounted as part of a wider international humanitarian and peacekeeping effort in Somalia that began in the summer of 1992 and ended in the spring of 1995. The offensive started without a declaration of war, undermining the Ethiopian state and the international code of war. First of all, Somalia had been in progress of developing what was called a "transitional government" also known as Transitional Federal Institutions, or TFI. In 1977 Ethiopia and Somalia engaged in a brief territory conflict over the Ogaden region situated between and claimed by both nations. Recently, a State Department spokesperson, Donald Yamamoto , admitted that the whole idea was “a big mistake,” obliquely admitting U.S. responsibility for the invasion. Ever since the invasion Ethiopia has regarded Somalia as an enemy, that must be kept weak and divided.