It’s similar to saying “I plan to…” or “I intend to…” It’s similar to saying “I plan to…” or “I intend to…” As if, like, seperti (2). ★ For example, the stem of the verb 食べます (tabemasu) – to eat – is 食べ (tabe). Good. You remember, right? Each example sentence includes a Japanese hint, the romaji reading, and the English translation. Fortunately, almost all other Japanese verbs are regular, in that they follow a universal conjugation pattern. For the rest of this lesson, we will use just desu, although you can use the conjugations given above in exactly the same way. You'll then learn about adjectives and compound sentences, followed by verbs and conjugation. Note that while the English "to be" can also be used to show existence (I am in my living room), Japanese has two separate verbs for this purpose: いる "iru" for animate objects (animals, people, robots) and ある "aru" for inanimate objects. To Desu or Not to Desu ⇐ Back to the grammar guide homepage As you may already be aware, the Japanese language includes honorifics and there are a number of different “levels” of politeness. I’ll tell you a secret, though. To speak about your plans or intentions, you can use つもりです (tsumori desu). Firstly, if you are feeling “genki” you can say, “げんきです” which simply means, “yeah, I’m fine”. To change to volitional-form, simply replace る (ru) with よう (you) and you will get the volitional-form of the verb. It is OK for you to use only 'です (desu)' at first. Youda, you desu. It works like a verb in that sense. You know how to pronounce “desu” now, but what about it’s meaning? Oishii desu (meaning, 'it's delicious') is OK. Oishii da is not OK. Adjectives are used in a way that looks deceptively similar to this pattern, but there is a subtle difference. You also need to use a different form of –n desu when it is attached directly to a plain form of the verb in an informal situation.When the circumstances are informal, use –n da instead of –n desu, as demonstrated in the table.The sentences are written first in hiragana, which is a phonetic syllabary (or transliteration) made from simplified kanji characters. Formal Versus Informal . So if you end a sentence in a verb, no matter how it is conjugated (formally or informally), you will not need “desu.” You can end a sentence with “taberu” or “tabemasu” without worrying about adding desu. I hope so. That should be simple enough for you, so now let’s take one more step forward and replace the English nouns with Japanese ones. (=Tanaka is Japanese. Note: I realize this sounds like a certain Japanese car manufacturer, but that Honda (本田) comes from the name of the company's founder. If you want to be more casual you can use the following phrases: 元気だよ Genki da yo I’m fine 元気じゃない ★ Today we will learn how to express an impression or inference based on direct observation in Japanese, using verb and adjective stems plus そうです (sou desu) ★ In English, you use words like “looks” or “looks like,” “seems” or “seems like.” ★ For example, “this cake looks delicious.” Shi (indefinite base of ‘suru’) + tai desu = Shi tai desu. Usage: This is used to express obligation, the need to do something important. Other verbs, like "become", "seem", "feel", and "appear", also function much like the main copula. It should always come after the te-form of a verb. This could be the case if the speaker is answering a question about the topic of the previous sentence, or it might simply be obvious, such as when introducing yourself or pointing to something. The topic of a sentence is usually omitted if it is clear from context. If you’ve been listening (or reading) Japanese for a day or 10 years, you’ve likely stumbled across the mysterious word です (desu) at the end of many sentences. All questions, comments, and corrections are welcome. Syntax: verb in na form+nakereba narimasen. ... youni. 6. Youna + noun 3. Let's … Japanese nouns do not inflect to show that they are plural, and do not take articles (a/an/the). “Deshita” is only used for past affirmative tense. Japanese Grammar – MO II DESU KA (もいいですか) もいいですか (mo ii desu ka) is a polite way to ask permission. Accurately using ~sou (そう) is one area of Japanese grammar that can cause a lot of problems for students. So that (3). (when you wish for something, end the sentence with 'youni') (4). Ki (indefinite base of ‘kuru’) + tai desu = ki tai desu. Click the below red button to toggle off and and on all of the hints, and you can click on the buttons individually to show only the ones you want to see. You got it, it means “it is!” Yoda-speak is a lot like basic Japanese grammar, so all you have to do is take the “it is” part in the Yoda sentence and replace it with “desu.” Let’s take a look. Plain form no desu ka. Desu became known to Western audiences via Japanese anime and manga, a form of Japanese cartoon animation and comics. In this lesson, you'll learn about one especially important verb, desu, and how to use it as part of your first sentence structure. While the above sentence pattern is used in writing, it's changed to Plain form んです (Plain form n desu) when it's used in conversation because it's easier to pronounce. You only had to learn one thing, “desu.”. Shinai to ikemasen is another form of saying this but it is more formal. You got it, “It is a pen.” Of course, with this knowledge, you can say anything, really. It is a dog. Everything you ever wanted to know about Japanese, fully explained, Quick Reference Sheets and Other Print Outs, The Sentence Ending Particles "Ne" and "Yo", Lesson Update: Japanese Verbs and Conjugation, Tanaka is a Japanese person. You ni naru, you ni natta. Plain form のです. そうです (sou desu) in 耳の"そう" (mimi no "sou") is used to convey the message that you obtained from another information source, either you have heard from someone or you have read it somewhere. Japanese doesn't really have a word for "it", but if the topic was stated it would probably be kore "this". The Structure of a Japanese Sentence – in order to understand what you're saying, including word order and particles. It isn’t a sin to be negative. But do you know what it truly means? Here are some sample sentences: Watashi wa kuruma ga hoshii desu. Desu is going to come at the end of sentences or phrases, and is of “neutral” formality, meaning it can be used in all kinds of situations and is very versatile. At some point, the negative forms of gozaimasu were also replaced by the negative forms of arimasu. Now, what does “desu” mean? Anything I've missed? Today, we introduce to you the JLPT N4 Grammar: ようだ (you da). ★ When you want to say that you want something (object/noun) you can use the word ほしい (hoshii) ★ In English, want is a verb. Look at the sentences above, specifically the Yoda one: “Pen, it is.” There’s the “it is” part! All you need to do is replace the noun with another noun, and you can essentially say hundreds of thousands of different things… The cool part? samui desu 寒いです [It] is cold! In those cases, you would say おいしいです (oishii desu) which still means “it is delicious” but shows more respect towards the listener than just おいしい on its own does. Having trouble understanding something? ★ When you want to say that you want to do something (action/verb) you must add 〜たい (tai) to the stem of the masu-verb. But ending a sentence with a noun without “desu” will make it a fragment. Let’s start by breaking down the polite and casual forms: (noun + no) youni + verb 4. You can put “desu” after nouns to end sentences. To say that something "is" something, you use the following sentence structure: [A] is the topic of the sentence, which can be any noun (person/animal/object/place/concept). Recommended background: Politeness and Formality in Japanese – so that you know what it means to use polite/formal speech.. You don’t have to study on Saturday afternoon. Negative Verbs. Japanese has a wide variety of phrases that show one sentence relates to the last. There is one condition when using this Japanese sentence. It can be used to show identity (Max is a dog), properties (furry), state (happy), and membership in a set (one of my pets). 1. This is because Japanese doesn't differentiate between present and future tenses. Please send your feedback using the contact form and help me improve this site. You’ve learned how basic Japanese sentences work! As a root verb, desu is non-past ("present") tense and affirmative ("positive"). Although the Japanese copula is a somewhat unusual verb, it goes at the end of the sentence just like every other. (warn, or giving order) --> kadang kalimatnya ga diselesaiin (5). When it comes to J… As always, I’ll also be commenting here and there throughout the post. During a wave of anime and manga in the West in the 1990s–2000s, English-speaking users in online fan forums began writing desu at the end of their sentences to mimic of Japanese speech (e.g., I love it desu).This was seen as being more kawaii, or … When the look of a thing leads you to make a guess, you can state your guess using this Japanese expression. In Japanese, the system of nouns can also function as adverbs and adjectives leading to errors when trying to determine which part of speech it is, especially when you are translating directly into English. This is specified with the topic marker "wa", and in this case of this sentence structure, the topic is generally also the subject. Good question! How cool is that. You'll learn how to use these verbs later on. です (desu) is similar to “ is ” or “ am ” in English. There are no articles or relative pronouns that exist in Japanese grammar and pronouns that do exist are used differently. To change to volitional-form, replace る (ru) with よう (you) and you will get たべよう (tabeyou). Forms of "be" English include "is", "am", "are", "was", "were", "been", and "being". Let’s take a look at this in English and Yoda-Speak, first. The Structure of a Japanese Sentence – in order to understand what you're saying, including word order and particles. Also, 'だ' is used when you write a research report to inform readers of facts directly. Because of this habit, translations out of context often ambiguous. You 2. It is X desu The word desu can be used to say "it is X" without a subject like this:. In the first example it's watashi "I" – simple enough. Note that the object of the verb "to want" is marked with the particle " ga ", not " o ". Comment by PuniPuni on 08/01/2014 at 7:48 am The following lessons do not introduce any additional sentence structures, but simply expand what you can do with wa and desu. Did you just have a little epiphany? 5. You'll learn more about verb conjugation later on. https://www.learn-japanese-adventure.com/japanese-expression-you-desu.html We will almost always use the polite form for the rest of the beginning lessons. “Desu” means “it is” Anyways, I think the best way to learn it is to actually see it in action. It doesn’t technically mean it is (pretty hard to translate desu, actually), but “it is” will help you learn desu and learn how it’s used, especially now that you know how Yoda talks. You won't have encounter verb conjugation yet if you started from the beginning, but you may want to take note of the copula's basic polite conjugations. But what about the second? Plain form no desu. Note: For な-adj/Noun → (~ だ) な. Anyways, I think the best way to learn it is to actually see it in action. You have to study everyday. Do you remember what we’re associating with desu (it is)? It is a cat. Whatever you want to call it, always place it at the end of the statement! ). You may find a lot of textbooks referring to desu as the “ copula “. Do you remember how Yoda talks? JLPT N4 Grammar: ようだ (you da) Detail explanation Example sentences Detail explanation Meaning: It seems that, it appears that, it looks like Formation: Verb-casual + ようだ いadj […] 3. For example, 'だ' is used when you want to say your opinion strongly. The Topic Marker “Wa” – mainly the first half, covering the concept of "topic" vs subject. Meaning: (1). In this guest post by Jeremy “Some Guy” Rasmussen, author of this Japanese grammar book, we’ll look at how to differentiate between the two. That’s why “desu” is so often translated as the English verb“to be.” Adjectives get a little complicated with “desu.” Na-adjectivessuch as “kantan” ( … yasui desu 安いです [It] is cheap; Above, in the Japanese sentences, we have the words "cold," samui, and "cheap," yasui, but we don't have a word for "it. For lack of a better term, I'm going to call these words sentence-initial conjunctions. Doyoubi no gogo benkyou shinakutemo ii desu. when you understand the above examples) you can move on. If the time frame is not specified separately, (now, soon, 3 years from now), then it must be inferred. As a side note, desu is believed to be a contraction of "de gozaimasu", which is now mainly used in keigo (honorific speech). You make the guess after loo… By the way, a topic can be dropped from a sentence if the context is already understood. You can find the detail explanation (meaning, formation) and examples of this Japanese grammar in this post. In this lesson, you'll learn about one especially important verb, desu, and how to use it as part of your first sentence structure. What does “desu” mean? Interesting I should say that... “sin” sounds like “sen” … For a past negative sentence, you use “~ja nakatta (desu).” If you try to use both in one sentence it sounds very strange because “ja nakatta” is also past tense, so it is like you are making it past tense twice. For our intents and purposes, we’re going to say that “desu” means “it is.”. It is a flamingo… The list goes on and on. All Rights Reserved, よ. (oishisou desu) – “It looks delicious.” ★ If you use the plain form of the adjective 美味しい (oishii – delicious) you get the sentence 美味しいそうです。(oishii sou desu) – “I’ve heard that it’s delicious.” ★ They sound very similar, but the meaning can be pretty different, so be careful! It is a monkey. Based off that, can you guess what “pen desu” means? Whereas for そうです (sou desu) in 目の"そう" (me no "sou"), it means "It looks like ~"or "It seems ~". A copula is essentially a verb meaning "to be". Using 'だ' is kind of difficult because it is not so polite. Japanese verbs also do not inflect for number (singular/plural), gender (male/female), or person (I/you/he), so as long as you want non-past tense, simply desu is the correct form to use. Good. Being a rather unusual verb, the copula has an irregular conjugation in both its plain and polite forms. ★ Because ほしい (hoshii) is an adjective and not a verb, the object of the sentence is marked by が (ga) and not を (o). 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Past affirmative tense this habit, translations out of context often ambiguous ’ re going to call it, place.