All the days of my life, ever since I been born, I never heard a man speak like this man before.” After they sang one or two songs, the whole place was lit up. Jim Jones Jr., Peoples Temple Member: And he was kind of left to his own devices. He continues his college education, while the wife works in nursing. And when he flung it and let it go, the place got dead quiet like. They try to hide underneath the wheels. I am ready to die now. Marshall Kilduff, Journalist: In San Francisco, Jones walked in on a sort of a wild kind of party, where there was a lot of new faces and new sources of power. Gregory Robinson, San Francisco Examiner Jackie Speier, Aide to Congressman Leo Ryan: Then the Congressman ran under the plane, and I sort of followed suit and got behind one of the tires. And I held her and said, “I love you, I love you,” because it’s all I could say. Joyce Shaw-Houston, Peoples Temple Member: It’s kind of like when you get married and you have this ideal. He and I were Star Trek fans, and he used to always say, “Just vulcanize yourself. They did not like this integration part of the services. Tim Reiterman, Journalist: He saw that they were a surrogate home. Hue Fortson Jr., Peoples Temple Member: And he said, “What you need to believe in is what you can see.” He said, “If you see me as your friend, I’ll be your friend. The man responsible, Jim Jones, has gone down in history as a madman who drove his followers to suicide. And then Jim Jones started to make pleas to people, saying, “You can’t leave. Kelly Frankeny They’ll torture some of our children here. A dog barks. Rebecca Moore lost her two sisters and nephew. On-screen text: Peoples Temple Farm, Ukiah — Redwood Valley, California. What’s your impression now? So when you were full-time Temple, you worked about twenty hours a day. He continued his flamboyant methods, lying down on the ice between fur hunters and baby harp seals on a fact-finding mission to Newfoundland. Chuck Wilmore, Personal Collection Along with the Robot steez. And once he started doing that, it became clear that he could get a following. Jim Jones (archival): Move forward. He yelled, “Oh [expletive].” He said he got — he got shot. Where there is no rich or poor. with your corporate card, imma pop bottles" - Jim Including commentary from Koch Records and Asylum Record staff. The racial integration became self-fulfilling at some point; the congregation itself became the draw. David Bushway, Mendocino College Library
ECS8C_C01.qxd IMT Custom Machine Company, Inc.: Selection of an Information Technology What does this story, overall, tell you about leadership? But this is a loyalty test and you need to turn them in.”. Collect all the tapes, all the writing, all the history. Stephen Sung, Sound Technician: We flew in sometime in the afternoon, about 6pm. Come and I’ll give you a home. Mike Touchette lost his mother, sister, brother, uncle, and grandfather. Perhaps the best, and the one to drop into conversation with your friends if you want to inspire frothing at the mouth. Everything was plausible, except in retrospect, the whole thing seems absolutely bizarre. Stanley Clayton, Peoples Temple Member: I grabbed the kid from the shoulders up, and in that process of taking him out of the pavilion, this kid died in my arms. She just was — was just in a daze. Stanley Clayton, Peoples Temple Member: I ain’t never used the term “suicide,” and I’m not gonna never use the term “suicide.” That man killed — was killing us. Marcia Smith and Noland Walker, Additional Camera Stephen Sung, Sound Technician: All you can hear is the gun — pop, pop, pop — goes off constantly. Tim Carter's brother-in-law Lew Jones, who was the adopted son of Peoples Temple leader Jim Jones, is pictured with his son Chaeoke Jones at Jonestown in 1977. Vernon Gosney, Peoples Temple Member: A father would turn in a son. And that is what people began to do. He really understood it. They looked in people’s faces. Cydney Hill, SFSU (Enter your ZIP code for information on American Experience events and screening in your area.). All right, let us not fall into in the hands of the enemy. Not that we’ve ever heard of cult members skipping off into the sunset, but seriously, why can’t cults ever have a happy ending? Jessica Hankey They stared at us for a little bit, but they didn’t say one word. But our senior citizen homes, they’re elegant. Tim Carter, Peoples Temple member The fire proved they are out to get us. They had cabins. (Singing, archival): As pilgrims here, we sometimes journey. 1951 – Jim’s father dies, after which Jim and his wife move to Indianapolis. Oh, what he’s done for me. Visually-Impaired Woman (archival): One finger. Jim Jones, Jr., Peoples Temple member It was a bright sunny day, but it was a dark day. Courtesy of Rhino Entertainment Company What he spoke from the pulpit wasn’t what he did behind the scenes. And I’ll be leaving in a couple weeks and they could come with me, but they said they didn’t want to come. Jim Jones (archival, subtitles): There’s a little town in Indiana. We wanted to live, to shine, to bring light to a world that is dying for a little bit of love.”. There was an attitude of, “We can change the world.” And that’s what we wanted to do. He was going to let him in. The sky is gray. Jones was sitting, looking over his sunglasses, but he had a smile on his face like he’s really enjoying this woman being torn down. But yet still, everyday it was getting worse and worse. He passed a note!”. His harangues over the loudspeaker were getting more and more frantic, and really just sounding more and more insane. I never shall forget what he’s done for me. Jordan Vilchez, Peoples Temple member I had a copy of the Congressman’s will and placed it in a particular drawer in my desk, just in case. Garrett Lambrev, Peoples Temple Member: When I joined Peoples Temple in the spring of 1966, there were exactly eighty-one members. To run through the basics, Jones convinced his followers to build a new society with him in Guyana, which eventually ended up in the deaths of a staggering 909 people, after he instructed his followers to drink Kool-Aid laced with cyanide. Neva Sly Hargrave, Peoples Temple Member: Well it got to the point where there were so many duties in the Temple that some people had to become full time. And I’ll say this about November 18th, I felt I’d lost a family and I knew I’d lost my children. Jonestown: The Life and Death of … What does it take to get someone to leave a cult? Jim Jones in 1978, in Jonestown, the year he would go on to cause the deaths of nearly a thousand (AP) AP/words by Adam Lusher How 918 followed a cult leader to Guyana and died in a single day There were the publications. Jackie Speier, Aide to Congressman Leo Ryan (archival, subtitles): Now do I both understand you to say that you both want to leave Jonestown on this date, November 18th, 1978? I couldn’t say goodbye to my son or my husband because at that point, it was like the Gestapo — the families were turning in each other. Through a forceful personality, charm and genuine good works, he managed to draw a massive following and lead them, like a modern-day pied piper, to the jungles of Guyana. Grace Stoen, Peoples Temple Member: One of the powerful things that Jim used, to keep us to not think, was that we were never really allowed to speak with one another. Tim Reiterman, Journalist: There were people tumbling and yelling and letting out cries as they were hit. I said something got a hold of me. 7 months ago. Jim Jones Jr., Personal Collection And I just broke down and told her. Eugene Smith, Peoples Temple member Fielding McGehee, Relative of Peoples Temple Member: Eventually, the rhetoric ratchets up enough that she is shouted down. They had crops growing. Oh, what’s he done for me. Lynetta was some 15 years younger than her husband and the marriage was not a happy one. Jim Jones was hated and despised by some people, particularly in the white community. It was about 11:30 in the morning. They have no problem about getting out of here. Mike Touchette, Peoples Temple member Jim Jones (archival): The United States is calling for the removal of all Blacks and Indians. Kristine Kravitz, Peoples Temple Member: Pretty soon we were seeing film footage of the first crew that went down there. We got to — we got to go, that if we don’t go this way, we going to go like this.” They were coming, taking like newborn babies out of their mothers’ arms. Jim Jones (archival): Well, then be seated and shut your mouth and don’t be in my face anymore. On-screen text: 909 Peoples Temple members died at Jonestown. You asked me about Russia. Jim Jones (archival, subtitles): but also they deserve…what’s more, they deserve peace. Doubletree Hotel Berkeley Marina Sign up for the American Experience newsletter! It’s obvious that Martin Luther King was murdered by conspiracy…Malcolm X, Senator Kennedy…. Claire Janaro, Peoples Temple Member: I would be up jumping in the balcony and clapping my hands. Tim Carter, Peoples Temple Member: The songs that we sang that night — it was people saying, “This is who we are and this is what we are about.”. Jim Baldwin Laura Johnston Kohl, Peoples Temple Member: We had no other radio or T.V. Marion K. Towne The birds gather on the telephone wires. Vernon Gosney, Peoples Temple Member: There was always threats. Supporting Mobile Health Clinics: The Children’s Health Fund of New York City
CASE STUDIES With Jim Jones, Frank Reynolds, John Moscatelli, Grace Stoen. This documentary, Jamestown: The Life and Death of the Peoples Temple, is about the massacre of over 900 people in Jonestown, Guyana.Led by Jim Jones, the film follows the Peoples Temple and how they were subsequently murdered (or how they committed suicide according to some) in 1978. Later in the day, she was found dead at the pavilion, having been poisoned. ©2007 WGBH Educational Foundation This went probably as well as it possibly could go, so far. In 1977, as media interest grew Jim Jones and hundreds of his supporters left San Francisco, California and set out for Guyana determined to build a new community in the South American country. There was all these different scenarios that were presented. And so I picked up the note and I — and I gave it back to him. Willie Brown, California State Assemblyman (archival): You have managed to make the many persons associated with Peoples Temple part of a family. The Fall of the I-Hotel, courtesy of Curtis Choy/Chonk Moonhunter Susan Sutton, Indiana Historical Society Reporter (archival): Some people have said they couldn’t leave if they wanted to. Eugene Smith lost his wife, son, daughter, and mother. There were too many poor people out there. There he promised them a modern-day Garden of Eden. Deborah Layton, Peoples Temple Member, Author, Seductive Poison: Every night, at some point, his voice would come over the loudspeaker and he’d say, “I’m sending somebody out tonight, somebody you know, somebody you trust and they’re going to act like they want to leave. And — they came and shot me at point blank — point blank range. On-screen text: On November 18th, 1978, in Jonestown, Guyana, 909 members of Peoples Temple died in what has been called the largest mass suicide in modern history. I took the pain and hold still. Things that, like, I wanted to get involved with, but didn’t even know where to make an entrée. 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